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13 mai 2015 3 13 /05 /mai /2015 17:49

France


- "Quenelle" à Berlin : Alain Soral condamné à 10.000 euros d'amende (AFP) - le tribunal : "La personnalité même d'Alain Bonnet (son vrai nom) dit Soral, telle que perceptible dans ses écrits ou prises de position publiques antérieurs, fragilise, pour ne pas dire prive de toute portée, ses dénégations réitérées quant aux accusations d'antisémitisme dont il ferait injustement l'objet".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/quenelle-%C3%A0-berlin-jugement-lessayiste-dextr%C3%AAme-droite-alain-115011559.html
"L'essayiste d'extrême droite Alain Soral a été condamné mardi par le tribunal correctionnel de Paris à 100 jours amende d'un montant unitaire de 100 euros, soit 10.000 euros d'amende, pour une photo le représentant au Mémorial de l'Holocauste à Berlin en train de faire le geste de la "quenelle". [...] Fin 2013, la photo d'Alain Soral faisant ce geste controversé dans les allées de la fondation commémorative des juifs assassinés en Europe avait commencé à circuler sur plusieurs sites internet. [...]
A l'audience, le 12 mars, Alain Soral s'était présenté comme victime d'une méprise doublée d'une manipulation. Il avait assuré que le cliché avait été récupéré par des pirates informatiques alors qu'il n'était destiné, au départ, qu'à son cercle d'amis. Il avait également contesté le sens et la portée donnés à son geste, affirmant n'avoir jamais cherché à porter atteinte à la mémoire des déportés, dont trois étaient venus témoigner à l'audience et dire leur indignation.
"La personnalité même d'Alain Bonnet (son vrai nom) dit Soral, telle que perceptible dans ses écrits ou prises de position publiques antérieurs, fragilise, pour ne pas dire prive de toute portée, ses dénégations réitérées quant aux accusations d'antisémitisme dont il ferait injustement l'objet", a estimé le tribunal dans son jugement, consulté par l'AFP. Dès lors, la photographie "ne peut être perçue que comme une injure visant la communauté juive dans un de ses lieux les plus symboliques et les plus sacrés", a-t-il conclu. [...]"

- Dieudonné condamné à payer 80.000 euros de plus aux ayants droit de Barbara (AFP)
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/dieudonn%C3%A9-condamn%C3%A9-%C3%A0-payer-80-000-euros-ayants-190918130.html
"Le polémiste controversé Dieudonné a été condamné mardi à payer 80.000 euros de plus aux ayants droit de la chanteuse Barbara, qui avaient déjà obtenu 50.000 euros en janvier pour le détournement de la chanson "L'aigle noir". Dieudonné avait conservé l'air de la chanson mais en avait modifié les paroles et le titre, la baptisant "Le rat noir". [...]
Dans le commentaire [de Dieudonné] diffusé en fond de la chanson, il qualifiait la chanteuse de "cinglée" et de "tarée" et évoquait, en des termes très crus, l'histoire de Barbara. "L'aigle noir" avait été une manière pour elle de parler de son passé et de l'inceste qu'elle avait subi enfant. En outre, le choix du titre, "Le rat noir", "(visait) la judéité" de Barbara, reprenant "une représentation commune aux antisémites", selon les ayants droits pour qui la chanson détournée avait notamment pour but d'"humilier" Barbara. [...]"

- Des anciens dirigeants européens appellent à faire pression sur Israël (Times of Israel) - "Dans une lettre adressée à Federica Mogherini, la chef de la politique étrangère de l’UE, un groupe d’anciens dirigeants européens appelle l’Union à adopter une attitude proactive et plus agressive pour faire pression sur Israël sur la question palestinienne". Sans surprise, cette nouvelle lettre collective pro-palestinienne est signée (entre autres) par les anti-israéliens français désormais habituels : Hubert Védrine, Roland Dumas, Elisabeth Guigou et Michel Rocard.
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/des-anciens-dirigeants-europeens-appellent-a-faire-pression-sur-israel/

- Entretien avec Pierre-André Taguieff (Historien des idées) - "Le propalestinisme inconditionnel, qui est aussi l’un des thèmes mobilisateurs de l’islamisme radical, est désormais le principal vecteur de la haine des juifs dans le monde".
http://jforum.fr/2015/05/p-a-taguieff-le-pro-palestinisme-cheval-de-troie-du-djihadisme/
"[...] - Le Point : Comment distinguer la critique (légitime) de l’Etat d’Israël et de ses dirigeants de celle qui dissimule l’antijudaïsme pur et simple ?
- Pierre-André Taguieff : Il faut rappeler d’abord que, depuis la fin des années 60, la haine des juifs est principalement portée par l’antisionisme radical ou absolu, mélange d’hostilité systématique à l’égard d’Israël, quelle que soit la politique du gouvernement en place, et de compassion exclusive pour les Palestiniens, quoi qu’ils puissent faire – terrorisme compris. Le propalestinisme inconditionnel, qui est aussi l’un des thèmes mobilisateurs de l’islamisme radical, est désormais le principal vecteur de la haine des juifs dans le monde. Il fournit en même temps les principaux motifs d’agir contre l’Etat d’Israël, réduit à une « entité » criminelle, et contre « le sionisme », figure diabolisée incarnant l’un des grands mythes répulsifs de notre temps. La « cause palestinienne » sert d’alibi à diverses forces qui, soit par intérêt géostratégique, soit en vertu de fortes convictions idéologiques, ont pour objectif la destruction de l’Etat juif.
Il faut distinguer ensuite l’antisionisme radical des formes légitimes de critique de la politique menée par tel ou tel gouvernement israélien. Le piège sémantique tient à l’équivocité du terme « antisionisme », dont les emplois oscillent entre deux significations : d’une part, la critique des orientations politiques des dirigeants israéliens au pouvoir (ce qui n’a rien de judéophobe), d’autre part, une entreprise de diabolisation de l’Etat juif, voué à être éliminé comme tel (ce qui relève de la judéophobie). Cinq traits permettent de définir l’antisionisme radical : 1) le caractère systématique de la critique d’Israël ; 2) la pratique du « deux poids, deux mesures » face à Israël, régulièrement condamné d’une façon unilatérale ; 3) la diabolisation de l’Etat juif, traité comme l’incarnation du mal ; 4) la délégitimation de l’Etat juif, impliquant la négation de son droit à l’existence ; 5) l’appel répété à la destruction d’Israël.
La diabolisation et la criminalisation du peuple juif sont entrées dans une nouvelle phase avec l’antisionisme radical. Les juifs continuent d’être dénoncés comme des « enfants du diable », des conspirateurs et des « meurtriers perpétuels », mais leurs principaux accusateurs ne se recrutent plus dans le monde chrétien ; ils se réclament d’un islam « authentique » ou « pur », ou de la révolution mondiale, ou encore des deux… L’islamisation djihadiste de la « cause palestinienne », moteur de la « nouvelle judéophobie », est au principe d’une nouvelle guerre contre les juifs, désormais sans frontières. Pour justifier la tuerie de l’Hyper Cacher, Amedy Coulibaly a déclaré qu’il voulait « venger ses frères musulmans opprimés », notamment « en Palestine »."

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Gaza & Hamas

- Un premier navire d’une flottille en partance pour Gaza quitte la Suède (Times of Israel)
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/un-premier-navire-de-la-flottille-de-gaza-quitte-la-suede/
"Le premier navire d’une flottille pro-palestinienne visant à briser le blocus naval israélien dans la bande de Gaza est parti de son port d’attache en Suède dimanche matin. Le chalutier Marianne de Göteborg transporte une « cargaison limitée qui comportera entre autres choses, des panneaux solaires et des équipements médicaux » pour la bande de Gaza, selon un communiqué publié par la campagne Ship to Gaza.
Le bateau fait partie de ce qu’on appelle communément la Flottille de la Liberté III, qui suit l’exemple d’autres tentatives menées par différents militants qui ont tenté de voguer vers Gaza. La Marianne, avec ses cinq membres d’équipage, s’arrêtera à Helsingborg, Malmö, Copenhague et d’autres ports qui seront annoncés plus tard avant de poursuivre sa route pour Gaza, ont précisé les responsables de Ship to Gaza. Tout au long de son parcours, la flottille accueillera huit autres membres d’équipage, selon Israel Radio. Deux autres navires devraient rejoindre la flottille plus tard.
Israël a imposé des restrictions maritimes sur Gaza en 2006 et les ont renforcé un an plus tard lorsque le mouvement terroriste du Hamas a pris le contrôle de Gaza dans un coup d’Etat sanglant. Le Caire maintient également un blocus sur la bande de Gaza. Israël et l’Egypte expliquent que le blocus de sécurité s’avère nécessaire pour empêcher le Hamas, un groupe terroriste ouvertement engagé dans la destruction d’Israël, d’importer des armes dans la bande de Gaza qu’ils utiliseraient contre Israël.
L’armée israélienne affirme qu’elle a intercepté un certain nombre de navires civils portant des armes qui se dirigeaient vers Gaza au cours des dernières années. Dans le même temps, elle a aussi détourné les tentatives menées par les militants pour briser le blocus. En 2010, 10 militants turcs ont été tués lorsque les troupes israéliennes qui tentaient d’arrêter un navire d’atteindre la bande de Gaza ont été accueillies avec une vive résistance à bord du Mavi Marmara. L’incident a suscité un tollé international et un refroidissement des relations avec la Turquie."
- A Tale of two blockades, Eugene Kontorovich (professor at Northwestern University School of Law, and expert on constitutional and international law) - "One wonders whether the Yemen blockade, which by Oxfam’s description of it has turned it into what one would elsewhere call “the world’s largest open air prison” will manage to get half the international attention as the Gaza one".
http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2015/05/11/a-tale-of-two-blockades/
"In Gothenburg, Sweden, a ship has set sail to run Israel’s blockade of Gaza, in a reprise of a now common activist tactic. At the same time, an Iranian ship has set sail from Bander Abbas to relieve the Saudi coalition’s blockade of Yemen, which has half the country on the brink of starvation. Both blockades arise in what much of the international community regards as “non-international armed conflict” (NIAC). [The reasoning for both characterizations as NIACs is quite strained, in my view.]
In a new post at OpinioJuris, I discuss the legality of the Saudi blockade, showing that much previously neglected state practice supports the use of blockades in NIACs. Indeed, the only time it has been argued that such actions are illegal is in relation to the Gaza blockade. But the international community’s acceptance of the Yemen blockade (though not necessarily the particulars of its administration) shows that any potential anti-blockade norm has failed to materialize.
One wonders whether the new Gaza flotilla will meet a different response from the international community, now that it has remembered that blockade is legal. One also wonders whether the Yemen blockade, which by Oxfam’s description of it has turned it into what one would elsewhere callthe world’s largest open air prison will manage to get half the international attention as the Gaza one."

- Egypt blew up three mosques. For some reason, this wasn't in the news (Elder of Ziyon) - "The mosques were in the buffer zone that Egypt is building to curb illegal smuggling tunnels to Gaza. Clearly, the Egyptian government believed that Hamas would have no problem using mosques as entrances to the tunnels to smuggle weapons - in either direction".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/05/egypt-blew-up-three-mosques-for-some.html

- U.N. Watch: Predictable anti-Israel bias (The Tribune-Review) - "while Mr. Ban merely wrist-slapped Hamas for using U.N. facilities as rocket depots, the world body is considering whether to press Israel for reparations when it returned fire".
http://triblive.com/opinion/editorials/8300623-74/israel-facilities-watch
"The United Nations' so-called “inquiry” into last summer's fighting in Gaza predictably excoriates Israel for the deaths of 44 Palestinian civilians who sought shelter in seven U.N. schools. Yet the same report confirms that Hamas terrorists stashed weapons in some supposedly “vacant” schools.
Included with the report's summary was a letter from Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to the Security Council, “criticizing Israelis for attacking ‘inviolable' facilities of the organization in Gaza where civilians sought refuge,” The New York Times reports. And while Mr. Ban merely wrist-slapped Hamas for using U.N. facilities as rocket depots, the world body is considering whether to press Israel for reparations when it returned fire, according to The Times.
Based on the U.N.'s own findings, not only did children have access to at least one school where rockets were stored, they might have been lured to play there, according to the group U.N. Watch. And never mind the likelihood, as the report also points out, that U.N. facilities were used as sites from which to launch rockets against Israel, constituting “grave violations of the Geneva Conventions and international humanitarian law,” according to U.N. Watch. [...]"

- Un ingénieur de Gaza cherche une solution pour filtrer l’eau de mer (AFP) - "Parce qu’il s’agit d’une « vraie menace pour la vie à Gaza », cet ingénieur palestinien de 29 ans s’est tourné vers « la seule solution » : transformer l’eau de la Méditerranée, qui borde la bande de Gaza, en eau potable grâce aux nanotechnologies".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/un-ingenieur-de-gaza-cherche-une-solution-pour-filtrer-leau-de-mer/

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Rapport Breaking the Silence

- Breaking the Silence place Tsahal et le Hamas au même niveau, Mitch Ginsburg (Times of Israel) - "Les organisations pour les droits de l’homme n’explicitent pas toujours toutes leurs exigences. Mais ce qu’elles attendent apparemment d’Israël est qu’il mène sa guerre contre le Hamas, tout en traitant les civils de Gaza exactement comme il traiterait ses propres civils s’ils étaient pris en otage par des forces ennemies".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/breaking-the-silence-place-tsahal-et-le-hamas-au-meme-niveau/
"Breaking the silence, une ONG israélienne, avait l’habitude de recueillir et de publier des temoignages de soldats servant en Cisjordanie et à Gaza dans le but de convaincre la société israélienne contre l’occupation de ces regions. Elle vient de changer de tactique. Le rapport le plus récent de l’organisation vise, à sa base, à changer la façon dont Israël fait la guerre.
Breaking the silence, qui organise mardi à Tel-Aviv le lancement public de son rapport, attend principalement qu’Israël valorise et cherche à préserver la vie des citoyens de Gaza et à limiter les dommages collatéraux tout comme il le ferait si ses propres civils étaient détenus par le Hamas – une approche qui signifierait que plus de soldats israéliens paieraient de leur vie, moins de vies palestiniennes seraient perdues, et que la capacité d’Israël à faire peser sa puissance militaire contre le Hamas serait considérablement réduite.
La guerre, dans ce contexte, aurait un peu l’air d’une mission de sauvetage d’otages, basée presque exclusivement sur des armes à feu légères. L’armée la plus puissante du Moyen-Orient et le groupe terroriste qui contrôle la bande de Gaza se confronteraient essentiellement à armes égales.
A première vue, le rapport de 240 pages publié la semaine dernière – comprenant des témoignages directs anonymes de soldats et d’officiers qui ont servi dans la bande de Gaza comme combattants ou dans des rôles de soutien – ressemble un peu à ses précédentes publications. Sur les quelque 60 incidents détaillés, deux sont des cas clairs de feu a priori cruels et aveugles sans provocation – une fois contre un cycliste innocent dans une zone de non-combat, le tireur prenant une joie perverse dans la chasse d’un être humain, et une autre fois dans la région d’Al-Bureij, lorsque les chars ont été encouragés à déclencher le feu au hasard contre les façades de bâtiments pointant à l’horizon.
Si leur description est exacte, ces deux exemples semblent être des actes criminels et devraient être poursuivis comme tels. On peut espérer que l’armée fera tout son possible pour enquêter sur ces cas, bien que Breaking the silence rende la tâche difficile en ne dévoilant non seulement pas les noms des participants, mais ni les dates ou autres détails des cas. [...]
Abstraction faite des témoignages de ce groupe de soldats activistes auto-sélectionnés, la bataille centrale menée depuis la guerre de l’été dernier – dans la presse et dans les rapports des ONG de B’Tselem, Médecins pour les droits de l’Homme, et Breaking the Silence – ne concerne cependant pas des crimes ou des infractions alléguées individuels. Mais elle porte sur la façon de combattre dans les guerres d’aujourd’hui.
La position des dirigeants du Hamas de la bande de Gaza a été résumée par Bill Clinton en juillet. « Ils ont une stratégie, » a dit l’ancien président sur la chaîne indienne NDTV, « conçue pour forcer Israël à tuer leurs propres civils afin que le reste du monde les condamne ».
Israël, pour sa part, vise à simplifier – à recréer, dans les centres urbains de Gaza et du Liban, le champ de bataille d’antan, un endroit où les ennemis se font face et où les civils ne doivent pas être impliqués. Il lance des tracts, utilise des haut-parleurs, téléphone et lance des bombes « d’avertissement » pour encourager les civils à quitter les zones dans lesquelles il cherche à atteindre les lanceurs de missiles, les tunnels d’attaque, et les hommes armés des islamistes. La plupart des civils quittent, mais certains restent toujours.
Les organisations pour les droits de l’homme n’explicitent pas toujours toutes leurs exigences. Mais ce qu’elles attendent apparemment d’Israël est qu’il mène sa guerre contre le Hamas, tout en traitant les civils de Gaza exactement comme il traiterait ses propres civils s’ils étaient pris en otage par des forces ennemies. [...]
« Cela n’est pas une exigence raisonnable, » estime le professeur Asa Kasher, l’auteur du code d’éthique de l’armée ainsi que d’un document très influent écrit en 2004 avec le général Amos Yadlin sur l’éthique des combats dans un environnement civil. Pour Kasher, il est moralement incorrect de prétendre que l’armée d’un État a les mêmes obligations envers les civils ennemis qu’envers sa propre population, ce qui signifie que l’armée a plus de marge de manœuvre dans les combats au sein d’une zone civile de l’ennemi. « Tout d’abord, Israël, comme tout Etat, a le devoir primordial de protéger la vie de sa propre population qui est différente de sa responsabilité envers celle de l’ennemi », a écrit Kasher dans un essai paru dans Jewish Review of Books vers la fin de la guerre de l’été dernier.
« En outre, un territoire ennemi comme Gaza n’est pas sous son contrôle effectif. Israël est lié par les principes de guerre juste comme la distinction, la proportionnalité, et son engagement fort pour minimiser la perte de vies humaines. Mais aucun Etat ne doit davantage envers des citoyens de l’ennemi mis en garde qui se trouvent à proximité de terroristes, et aucun Etat démocratique n’effacerait de cette façon la distinction entre l’éthique militaire et l’éthique de la police. La demande d’agir à Gaza de la même façon que nous agirions à Tel Aviv reviendrait à demander à Israël de renoncer à l’obligation d’auto-défense ».
Fondamentalement, Kasher a également fait valoir que les soldats israéliens, « en tant que citoyens en uniforme militaire, ont le droit de demander à l’Etat, ainsi que de l’armée et de ses commandants, s’ils doivent se mettre en danger pour sauver la vie de non combattants de l’ennemi qui ont été avertis à plusieurs reprises de quitter la zone des combats ». Une réponse affirmative à cette question, écrit-il, « serait moralement inacceptable ».
En d’autres termes, au moment de décider quelles vies ont le plus de valeur, Kasher et l’armée, tout en respectant les principes de distinction et de proportionnalité – respectivement les impératifs moraux pour distinguer entre les civils et les combattants et de n’attaquer les positions ennemies que lorsque le potentiel de dommages collatéraux est limité – ont déterminé qu’Israël doit placer les civils israéliens en premier, suivis par les soldats israéliens, les civils ennemis, et enfin les soldats ennemis.
Les organisation de défense des droits de l’homme, y compris Breaking the Silence, semblent chercher à inverser les deuxième et troisième places dans cette liste – c’est-à-dire placer la vie des civils ennemis au dessus des soldats israéliens. Voilà le cœur du débat. Cela coupe directement la capacité d’Israël à faire la guerre contre ses ennemis. Israël, avec des guerres semblables à l’avenir, tant au Liban qu’à Gaza, dit qu’il ne peut pas être dissuadé par les organisations des droits de l’Homme de faire la guerre sur le terrain de la façon dont il le fait contre ses ennemis brutaux sans vergogne. Pour Israël, agir de la sorte reviendrait à jouer dans les mains de ses ennemis, et de se condamner à la défaite. [...]
Il est crucial pour l’armée israélienne de contrer de façon crédible des rapports comme celui de Breaking the Silence, que les allégations d’abus soient examinés et que l’effort pour réduire au minimum les décès de civils soit constant. Seulement dans ce type d’environnement, que Kasher reconnaîtrait les yeux fermés, Israël pourrait maintenir un ordre éthique."

- Real Breaking the Silence 2: Another IDF soldier speaks (Elder of Ziyon) - Shachar Eilenberg: "Who ever says our army is immoral and criminal is blind, and if the soldiers of such an army are criminals I'm a proud criminal".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/05/real-breaking-silence-2-another-idf.html
"(Part 1 here.) Shachar Eilenberg, an IDF soldier who fought in Gaza, wrote down some of his experiences on Facebook in response to the "Breaking the Silence" release of anonymous "testimonies."
"- Operation Protective Edge - Khirbat Ikhza'a
In the early morning hours we identify two kids walking near a house we were staying in. Four combatants quickly accompany Company Commander Benaya Sarel as they go out to "pick" them, and bring them to us so we can interrogate and ask them what are they doing in an area that has been clear of civilians for the last week and a half, an area where fighting is taking place. After a quick interrogation by the Prisoner Interrogator and Benaya Sarel it becomes clear the kids came here looking for food and have no ties to Hamas. Benaya decides to give them some of our food and release them to their homes.
- Operation Protective Edge - Khirbat Ikhza'a, the same house as the incident mentioned above.
We're in it for quite a long time and discover that due to a miscalculation of the amount of food we took, our team of 13 combatants is now left with just one Tuna [can]. In the kitchen of the house there's pasta that can feed the whole team. We explain this to the Company Commander and ask for permission to make the pasta. The reply we got was: "You made a mistake, you didn't take enough food, be strong and survive with what you've got. Eating from the the family's food is looting and we're not an army of looters". And no, we didn't destroy the house after we left it.
- Operation Protective Edge - the outskirts of Rafah.
1.8.14, 08:00, the humanitarian cease fire comes into effect. Minutes after the the cease fire a biker emerges, we try to stop him, but because of the cease fire we can't - he manages to escape. Afterwards we realize the said biker is a Hamas operative sent to check our force's location and pass intelligence to Hamas. A short while afterwards Benaya Sarel spots an unarmed "civilian" on the second floor of a nearby building. Again, just like in the first incident, Benaya decides to go "pick" the civilian and find out what's he doing in a combat zone, where for some two weeks and a half there are no civilians in sight. The Command Squad, comprising of six combatants, goes out to bring the civilian to us for interrogation. When they reach the said civilian a strong explosion is heard and heavy fire is opened up on them. All this of course during the "humanitarian cease fire". From this incident Major Benaya Sarel, Lieutenant Hadar Goldin and First Sergeant Liel Gidoni did not return. Again, I emphasize, this was during a cease fire.
Who ever says our army is immoral and criminal is blind, and if the soldiers of such an army are criminals I'm a proud criminal.""

- Publication of Israeli soldiers' accounts clouded by political agenda, Gerald Steinberg (professor of political studies at Bar Ilan University) - "Of course no army is perfect, and some soldiers may have legitimate complaints. But as in any democratic society, this must be done through legal and administrative processes, and not by garnering headlines in the foreign media. Given the obsession with Israel, the deep hostility, and the large sums that are available, particularly to NGOs that join in this form of modern warfare, consumers of such publications, including journalists and government officials, should exercise caution and a healthy degree of skepticism".
http://www.canberratimes.com.au/comment/publication-of-israeli-soldiers-accounts-clouded-by-political-agenda-20150508-ggxmaa.html
"On May 4, 2015, Breaking the Silence, a small Israeli non-governmental organisation, published anonymous allegations from Israel Defence Forces soldiers who are said to have fought in Gaza during summer 2014, purporting to "close the yawning gaps between what the IDF and government spokespersons told the public about the combat scenarios, and the reality described by the soldiers…" While there are many problems with the claims, many journalists, including from Australia, repeated the accusation of a few disgruntled Israelis, without any verification. This, despite the failure of this organisation to provide basic details necessary for corroborating claims made in this publication.
Naming sources is a basic prerequisite for making legal claims, allowing accounts to be verified and witnesses to be questioned. Dates must be provided and locations cited to understand the broader context in which events were alleged to have taken place. Without this information, we are left with a radical political agenda that exploits the language of international law.
In the 200-plus pages of "testimony", mostly from low-ranking soldiers, the names and the units in which they served are left unidentified. Similarly absent are dates of the alleged events, making verification by competent authorities impossible. In the very difficult war between Israelis soldiers and Hamas-led terror cells in Gaza firing missiles from houses, mosques, schools (as recently documented in a rare UN report), and hospitals, context is indispensable.
The lack of details prevents any understanding of these alleged incidents. There is no way to verify the accuracy of the testimonies nor is it possible to view these events in the broader context of the extreme difficulty of defending Israeli citizens from thousands of Palestinian rocket and terror attacks – each one a war crime.
Breaking the Silence's "methodology" to obtain the "testimonies" is also highly problematic. Many of the statements include very leading questions asked by interviewers, often constructed so as to elicit answers that falsely magnify the appearance of wrongdoing. In contrast, the absence of questions that would provide greater context, clarification or justification for certain actions, is striking.
Moreover, much of the framing of these "testimonies" enhances their politicised nature such as the use of misleading titling. In one instance, a soldier's statement carried the sensationalist header: "I really, really wanted to shoot her in the knees," but the text, for those who read it, describes the young Israeli's fear that an approaching woman was sent by Hamas and could potentially be carrying explosives that would kill him and his friends. IDF soldiers in Gaza have been targeted by suicide bombers, including women, making the fear of such an attack credible.
The deceiving headline also hides the essential fact that the soldiers fired near her feet, scaring her off and successfully resolving the situation in a non-lethal manner.
By not publishing key information, the organisation is expecting readers – in Israel, but primarily abroad, including Australia, to blindly trust it and to suspect no agenda other than the documentation of valid complaints by soldiers. However, as shown by NGO Monitor's systematic research, there are also important financial dimensions. Breaking the Silence receives substantial funding from radical Europeans, who link their donations to the number of statements that are collected. The Dutch church organisation ICCO demanded at least 90 incriminating interviews, while Oxfam (which claims to promote a humanitarian agenda) linked funding directly with the provision of "as many interviews as possible" regarding "immoral activities". These arrangements highlight the clear financial interest in presenting as many negative testimonies as possible.
Indeed, the failure to examine the motivations and history of the donors to this tiny group is of major importance. These funders are involved in anti-Israel activities from Ireland, Britain and the Netherlands and have actively supported, funded and partnered with organisations promoting boycotts, divestment and sanctions (BDS) targeting the Jewish state. The funders are clearly interested in portraying the actions of IDF soldiers as criminal and callous, thereby hoping to pave the way for prosecutions targeting Israel at the International Criminal Court. This is an extension of the long Arab-Israeli wars by other means.
Of course no army is perfect, and some soldiers may have legitimate complaints. But as in any democratic society, this must be done through legal and administrative processes, and not by garnering headlines in the foreign media. Given the obsession with Israel, the deep hostility, and the large sums that are available, particularly to NGOs that join in this form of modern warfare, consumers of such publications, including journalists and government officials, should exercise caution and a healthy degree of skepticism."

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Judée-Samarie

- Un Israélien poignardé à un croisement en Cisjordanie (Times of Israel) - "La victime n’a pas été nommée, mais aurait 19 ans".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/un-israelien-poignarde-a-un-croisement-en-cisjordanie/

- Arab towns surrounded by Jewish communities have 0% unemployment (Elder of Ziyon) - "The story of Mas-ha, Qarawat Bani Hassan and Biddya shows that it isn't settlements that are ruining the economy under PA rule".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/05/arab-towns-surrounded-by-jewish.html
"Mas-ha, Qarawat Bani Hassan and Biddya are three Arab towns that, according to the conventional wisdom, should be suffering more than most due to the suffocating presence of Jewish settlements surrounding them. Here is a detail of B'Tselem's map showing the towns as islands of Arab brown among a sea of Jewish blue areas.
Yet today there is an Arabic article in Safa that says that the towns have a zero percent unemployment rate.
The article characterizes the issue as how the towns manage to thrive even though the evil Israelis built their evil apartheid wall (the dotted lines are for barriers that have not been built.) The towns were commercial centers before the second intifada, and it appears that they used to get lots of Jewish customers to department stores lining their main street during the peaceful Oslo period when blowing up Jews only happened several times a year.
But when the suicide bombings became bad, they lost customers so the town leaders decided to re-orient their economy around manufacturing. Now they are filled with factories making glass, furniture and other goods. This has caused their land prices to increase tenfold, from 10,000 Jordanian dinars per dunam to 100,000 dinars. The new manufacturing sites are attracting Arabs from all over the West Bank, and factory owners cannot keep up with the demand for skilled workers. They claim that their wages are comparable to those of Arab workers in Jewish settlements, between 4000-7000 shekels a month.
Here's the kicker. The business leaders of Qarawat Bani Hassan complain that the Palestinian Authority is doing nothing to help them. On the contrary, they say that they are taxed heavily by the PA and that they get literally nothing in return. In fact, they say that the PA looks at them suspiciously. One business owner says that the Ministry of Finance considers successful businessmen to be thieves, sometimes accuse him of tax evasion, and at other times of money laundering.
The only people who seem threatened by the towns' success are the kleptocrats of the Palestinian Authority, and perhaps the NGOs who have little power over using these towns as propaganda against Israel (although they try.) The story of Mas-ha, Qarawat Bani Hassan and Biddya shows that it isn't settlements that are ruining the economy under PA rule. It is PA rule itself, where jobs are used as political favors and corruption is the norm, where innovation is punished and laziness rewarded. [...]"

- When the ICRC [Croix Rouge] Feels It Must Apologize for Telling the Truth, Evelyn Gordon (Commentary) - "The ICRC has produced its share of Israel-haters, but De Maio certainly isn’t one of them. Not only does he realize that Israel isn’t the Great Satan it’s generally portrayed as by “human rights” activists, but he’s even willing to say so occasionally – which makes him far braver than many of his colleagues".
https://www.commentarymagazine.com/2015/05/11/when-the-icrc-feels-it-must-apologize-for-telling-the-truth/
"It’s not hard to find examples of double standards against Israel; COMMENTARY has published two examples, from academia and sport, just in the last two days. But it’s worth reiterating that such incidents are made possible not by the rabid Israel-haters, who remain a small minority, but by all the “good” people who know better yet are too intimidated to speak out. Nowhere is this more evident than in the so-called human rights community. And Exhibit A is the exception that proves the rule: Jacques de Maio, who heads the International Committee of the Red Cross delegation in “Israel and the Occupied Territories.”
The ICRC has produced its share of Israel-haters, but De Maio certainly isn’t one of them. Not only does he realize that Israel isn’t the Great Satan it’s generally portrayed as by “human rights” activists, but he’s even willing to say so occasionally – which makes him far braver than many of his colleagues. Yet even this braver-than-average member of the human rights community feels so intimidated that whenever he does say something positive about Israel, he feels the need to apologize. So you get astounding statements like this tweet from last November: “It may seem provocative, but I would contend that humanitarian access in Israel & OT [Occupied Territories] is, comparatively, outstandingly good.”
The mind simply boggles. It’s “provocative” to state the simple fact that Israel, like any Western democracy, allows humanitarian aid groups relatively unfettered access? In his next tweet, De Maio added, “I can think of no other context where we operate worldwide where access for humanitarian organizations is as good as it is here.” Yet if that’s the truth, why should it be “provocative” to say so? Shouldn’t it be as natural for human rights organizations to praise countries for enabling their access as it is to criticize them for not doing so?
But of course, when it comes to Israel, it isn’t. After all, in the “human rights” community to which De Maio belongs, the loudest voices are people like Human Rights Watch director Ken Roth, who famously criticized Israel last month for sending the world’s largest medical team, 30 percent of all foreign medical personnel, to help victims of Nepal’s earthquake. In a world where “human rights activists” slam Israel even for providing humanitarian relief – though Roth has yet to explain how he thinks the world would be a better place had Israel failed to do so – it’s clearly not a given to praise it for enabling humanitarian access. So De Maio apologizes for telling the truth. And untold numbers of his less courageous colleagues choose the easier route of not telling it at all.
Nor is it Israel alone that pays the price for their silence – something else De Maio understands quite well. “Why is there so much more focus on Israel than on Syria [and] other places where many more civilians are dying?” he demanded in December. “In other ongoing wars, more civilians die in one week than in Israeli wars in a full year.” Yet even the braver-than-average De Maio made that statement at a conference in Israel, the one place it’s relatively “safe” to say such things. And untold numbers of his less courageous colleagues will never say it at all. [...]"

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"Processus de paix"

- PA honors 3 terrorists who lynched two Israeli reservists (PMW)
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=14784
"Last week, Palestinian Authority Member of Parliament and Director of the PLO Commission of Prisoners' Affairs Issa Karake visited the families of three of the terrorists who took part in the lynching and murder of two Israeli reservists in 2000. Karake honored these murderers by giving their families "plaques of honor." [Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, May 9, 2015] Karake has stated that Palestinians have an unequivocal right to "resistance" and "struggle" - PA euphemisms for violence against Israel. He calls the murderers of Israelis "heroes."
On Oct. 12, 2000, a Palestinian mob brutally murdered and mutilated the bodies of two Israeli reservists who had accidentally entered Ramallah. A well-known picture from the gruesome murder showed a Palestinian raising his bloodied hands heroically, showing the crowd his hands covered in the blood of his victims [voir images sur le site]. The bodies of the two Israelis were thrown out of the window, and the mob dragged them through the streets of Ramallah. (Photo credit: Agence France Presse) [...]"

- PA and Fatah present Israel "as occupied Palestine" (PMW) - voir les images sur le site.
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=14801
"The Palestinian Authority and Fatah continue to deny the existence of Israel, presenting towns, villages and sites all over Israel as "Palestinian" and "occupied." In the terminology of the PA's National Security Forces, Mount Tabor is situated in "occupied Nazareth" [Facebook, PA National Security Forces, March 10, 2015] and the hippodrome in Caesarea is in "Palestine" [Facebook, Feb. 8, 2015]. PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement reiterated the same message - that there is no room for Israel next to "Palestine" - by stating: "Palestine means the entire national land, from the [Jordan] River to the [Mediterranean] Sea. The_land_is_for_us Palestine" [Facebook, "Fatah - The Main Page," April 8, 2015]
Since May 7, 2015, all broadcasts on official PA TV have been showing a logo with the PA's representation of the map of "Palestine," which includes the PA areas, the Gaza Strip and all of Israel (marked below with a red circle). The map appears with a key, symbolizing the "return" of Palestinians. PA TV possibly shows the logo in anticipation of the annual "Nakba day," May 15, when Palestinians commemorate the "catastrophe" of the establishment of the State of Israel. [...]"

- Palestinian Authority's "Crimes of High Treason", Khaled Abu Toameh (Gatestone Institute) - "the PA leaders will have only themselves to blame for having radicalized their people over the years to a point where Palestinians consider any concessions to Israel as a "crime of high treason"."
http://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/5722/palestinian-authority-treason
"The Palestinian Authority (PA) leadership continues to give false hope to Palestinians regarding the "right of return" to their former villages and towns in Israel, as do the leaderships of most Arab countries.
This is what the Arab and Palestinian leaders have been doing since the establishment of Israel in 1948 -- and why millions of Palestinians continue to live in refugee camps throughout the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. Instead of helping the refugees and encouraging them to move on with their lives, Arab and Palestinian leaders continue to ask them to stay where they are because, they will are told, they will return to the homes of their grandfathers and great grandfathers inside Israel.
Arab and Palestinian leaders are afraid to confront the refugees with the truth sixty-seven years later, namely that the majority, if not all, will never return to towns and villages that no longer exist inside Israel.
When PA President Mahmoud Abbas, back in 2012, made the "mistake" of saying that he was not seeking to return to his birthplace of Safed in northern Israel, Palestinians across the political spectrum strongly condemned him for abandoning the "right of return," with many dubbing him a "traitor."
In a sense, Abbas can only blame himself for the outrage his comments sparked among his people. After all, he has been telling Palestinians for many years that the "right of return" is "sacred" and should never be relinquished. His media, especially the TV and radio stations, regularly refer to Acre, Haifa and Jaffa as "Palestinian cities inside the Green Line."
The strong condemnations that followed his remark about Safed forced him to backtrack, denying that he had agreed to waive the right of return. "My words about Safed were a personal position, and they do not indicate a relinquishment of the right of return, since it is not possible for anyone to give up the right of return, because the wording of all the international and the Arab and Islamic resolutions states that a just and agreed solution must be found to the refugee problem, based on UN Resolution 194, with the word "agreed" meaning in agreement with the Israeli side," Abbas clarified.
Since then, to avoid further criticism, Abbas and other Palestinian leaders have refrained from talking about the sensitive issue of the "right of return." The only time they make any mention of the issue is when they call on Palestinians to mark "Nakba Day" (Day of Catastrophe) on the anniversary of the establishment of Israel.
Nakba Day is marked every year in the West Bank and Gaza Strip with rallies and marches, during which speakers and participants emphasize that they will never abandon the dream of returning to villages and towns inside Israel. On this day, many Palestinians also hold a key, which is the symbol of the "right of return." Some, such as Hamas, go as far as repeating their call for the destruction of Israel. [Voir image d'une clef monumentale sur le site] [...]
Hamas is at least being honest about its intentions to destroy Israel and replace it with an Islamist state. But the Palestinian Authority leadership in the West Bank continues to deceive not only its people, but also the international community, with regards to the refugee problem.
By sponsoring, funding and encouraging Palestinians to take to the streets to "mourn" the establishment of Israel and remain committed to the "right of return," Abbas and his officials in Ramallah are not being honest with their people. They are undoubtedly afraid of telling their people that Israel would never allow millions of Palestinians into its borders. They are even more afraid of admitting to the refugees that Arab and Palestinian leaders have been lying to them since 1948 by asking them to stay in their camps because one day they will return to non-existent villages and homes.
If and when the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks ever resume, PA leaders will not be able to make any concessions on the refugee issue. They will not because they know that their people would not accept any kind of concessions on this matter. Once again, the PA leaders will have only themselves to blame for having radicalized their people over the years to a point where Palestinians consider any concessions to Israel as a "crime of high treason." This stance not only applies to the refugee issue, but also to other matters, such as the two-state-solution, the status of Jerusalem and the future borders of a Palestinian state. Neither Abbas nor any future Palestinian leader will be able to reach a compromise with Israel when the Palestinian Authority itself continues to promote such anti-Israel sentiments."
- PA : Nearly half of world's Palestinians are still refugees (Ynet)
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4656826,00.html

- US and EU don't look at maps, and that hurts the chances for real peace (Elder of Ziyon) - "A simple look at where the construction is planned shows that in no way, shape or form does building at Ramat Shlomo hurt the two state solution" ; "The new construction is on the southern end of Ramat Shlomo, towards the Jewish neighborhoods of Sanhedria, Har Hotzvim and Ramat Eshkol - that are mostly within the Green Line. In other words, there is no possible way that the land that is being built on would ever, in any universe, not remain in Israeli territory. Not under any peace plan ever promoted by any serious group. Never. Even the far left Geneva Initiative, one of whose members was PA minister Yasser Abed Rabbo, included major Jewish neighborhoods much further to the north than Ramat Shlomo as remaining in Israel" ; "Which in turn makes Israel less likely to negotiate over other areas, since the third parties that want to be part of the solution have already signaled their extreme bias against any Jews - and only Jews - living in any part of Jerusalem that happen to live across what was meant to be a temporary armistice line".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/05/us-and-eu-dont-look-at-maps-and-that.html

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Monde arabe

- "Jews lie as easily as they breathe" - Egyptian newspaper (Elder of Ziyon)
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/05/jews-lie-as-easily-as-they-breathe.html

- Arab writer admits Arabs must take their share or responsibility for "Nakba" (Elder of Ziyon) - "Lebanese newspaper An-Nahar has an article by Majed Kayali that is highly unusual in the Arab world. While it of course blames Israel for the "nakba" in 1948, this is the first time I've seen an Arab columnist admit that Arabs must take some responsibility for the Palestinian Arab situation today".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/05/arab-writer-admits-arabs-must-take.html

- Egypte : sept morts dans deux attentats à la bombe dans le Sinaï (AFP) - "Les trois civils, des piétons, ont été tués dans l'explosion d'une bombe dissimulée sur le bord d'une route au sud de la ville de Rafah, près de la frontière avec la bande de Gaza palestinienne, dans le Nord-Sinaï".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/egypte-sept-morts-deux-attentats-%C3%A0-bombe-sina%C3%AF-133337204.html

- Syrie : 72 morts dans des combats dimanche (AFP) - "autour de l'hôpital de Jisr al-Choughour, dans le nord-ouest de la Syrie, où sont retranchés 250 soldats et civils assiégés par des rebelles et des combattants d'Al-Qaïda".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2015/05/11/97001-20150511FILWWW00066-syrie-72-morts-dans-des-combats-dimanche.php
- A Alep, les civils en première ligne, Hélène Lompech (Le Monde) - "Deux cent vingt mille personnes, dont une majorité de civils, ont été tuées depuis le début du conflit syrien d’après l’Observatoire syrien des droits de l’homme (OSDH)" ; "Amnesty International affirme que le régime attaque délibérément les civils puisqu’elle dénombre au moins 14 attaques de marchés, 12 de nœuds de transport, 23 de mosquées, 17 d’hôpitaux et trois d’écoles de janvier 2014 à mars 2015. Pendant cette période, sur les huit attaques documentées précisément par l’ONG, 188 civils sont morts pour un seul combattant".
http://www.lemonde.fr/proche-orient/article/2015/05/09/a-alep-les-civils-en-premiere-ligne_4630614_3218.html

- Yémen : raids de la coalition avant une trêve proposée par Ryad (AFP) - "quelque 70.000 civils ont fui en trois jours la province de Saada, prise pour cible par la coalition".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/y%C3%A9men-coalition-bombarde-r%C3%A9sidence-lex-pr%C3%A9sident-saleh-%C3%A0-052031286.html

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Monde

- Qui sont les Rohingyas, peuple le plus persécuté au monde selon l'ONU, Edouard de Mareschal (Le Figaro) - "En 1982, une loi leur a retiré la citoyenneté birmane. Après plus de 30 ans d'exactions, ils ne sont plus que 800.000 dans un pays de plus de 51 millions d'habitants à majorité bouddhiste. Selon l'ONU, ils forment la minorité la plus persécutée au monde" ; "Aujourd'hui, les discriminations se poursuivent. Les Rohingyas ne peuvent pas travailler, se marier ou étudier. Ils sont régulièrement expropriés, extorqués, privés de soins..." Et quelle couverture médiatique pour ce "peuple le plus persécuté" ?
http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2015/05/11/01003-20150511ARTFIG00259-qui-sont-les-rohingyas-peuple-le-plus-persecute-au-monde-selon-l-onu.php

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