- Antisemitic Attitudes among Muslims in Europe: A Survey Review, Günther Jikeli (ISGAP Senior Research Fellow, Director ISGAP France) - avec une focalisation particulière sur le cas français.
"In Western Europe, Muslims have been identified as a significant group of perpetrators of antisemitic acts. Is the level of antisemitism higher among Muslims than among non-Muslims? This paper will discuss European surveys on antisemitism and compare attitudes between Muslims and non-Muslims. It is based on the review of surveys from nine countries with more than 40,000 participants, including almost 13,000 Muslims altogether. While no comprehensive study has been conducted on an international comparative scale and most national studies focus on selective samples such as certain ethnicities or student groups, a review of the available surveys shows a clear tendency: antisemitic attitudes are significantly more widespread among Muslims than among other segments of European societies. What is more, the interpretation of Islam seems to be highly relevant. Antisemitic attitudes are particularly strong among believing and practicing Muslims and correlate with authoritarian, “fundamentalist” interpretations of Islam. A comprehensive survey on antisemitism in France is discussed in detail."
- Dr. Gunther Jikeli, “Muslim Antisemitism in France and Western Europe” (Vidéo 31mn31) - l'auteur de l'étude présente ses résultats.
- Survey shows European Muslims are much more antisemitic than non-Muslims (Elder of Ziyon) - "European Muslims are more antisemitic than any other group, even extreme rightists. Most of the data comes from a comprehensive survey in France, although other data indicates that the attitudes are the same throughout Europe"; "The other major finding was that the more religious Muslims are, the more antisemitic they are"; "Muslims were also far more likely to believe more antisemitic statements than non-Muslims, even on the political fringes"; "So many in the West want to claim that Muslims only hate Jews because of Israel. These surveys indicate that the opposite is the case: they hate Israel because they hate Jews".
- Commentaires du jour sur Le Monde.fr : le rapport Breaking the Silence (mis considérablement en valeur par Le Monde, en une et sur plusieurs pages) continue de susciter toujours autant d'éructations haineuses contre l'ignoble Etat juif et contre ses immondes défenseurs (i.e. les Juifs eux-mêmes).
- C. (04/05/2015 - 18h41)
"[...] une attaque systématique et visiblement injustifiées de l'armée israélienne contre des civils palestiniens qui relève du crime de guerre voire du génocide [...]"
- YTour (04/05/2015 - 19h12)
"On n'est pas anti-arabe quand on dénonce l'islamisme, ni anti-juif quand on dénonce Tsahal. Mais que la communauté juive française ait le courage de constater dans quel gouffre moral est tombé ce pays. Initialement soutenu par beaucoup de monde, il est maintenant rejeté par la très grande majorité des peuples."
- Déni (04/05/2015 - 19h15)
"Une dérive à l'image de tout un pays recroquevillé sur son déni. Hélas, trois fois hélas."
- Yann Amar (04/05/2015 - 19h46)
"[...] la politique de colonisation de la Cisjordanie, la réponse disproportionnée sur Gaza, les crimes qui l'ont accompagné acculent Israël, sur la durée. Faute d'avoir su faire la paix avec ceux qui la souhaitaient (Arafat...) Israël a obéré sa survie sur la durée."
- TibertLeChat (04/05/2015 - 16h57)
"[...] Gaza-l'enfermement, la colonisation, le Mur "de sécurité" etc., sans exonérer le Hamas de ses actions stupides et aveugles, voilà qui explique amplement le sentiment anti--Juifs partagé par la plupart des Arabes, d'ici ou ailleurs. Et Netanyahu ne risque pas d'en finir avec cette donne mortifère."
- Alain Pontvert (04/05/2015 - 17h54)
"Pire que des bêtes. Hors des limites du monde civilisé. Indignes de l'héritage de la pensée juive. A boycotter, eux et ceux qui les soutiennent ici."
- GGL (04/05/2015 - 18h49)
"Tsahal, armée immorale. Quel mépris pour le genre humain [...]"
- Jean - Marie (04/05/2015 - 18h49)
""Là-bas, tout le système des valeurs était tête à l’envers" ; cette formule résume à elle seule la véritable nature de l'Etat d'Israël. Et dire qu'une armée dont les soldats surarmés tirent froidement sur des femmes et des enfants désarmés ose se prétendre morale ! ... Pendant combien de temps les crimes de guerre dont Israël est coutumier vont-ils encore demeurer impunis ? [...]"
- Allez lisez! (04/05/2015 - 19h22)
"[...] C'est tout simplement épouvantable. A quoi bon parler de mémoires de la Shoah, des camps, des tsiganes, juifs, malades mentaux, pourquoi parler du génocide arménien, cambodgien, rwandais, et j'en oublie, si ce n'est pour lire cela? [...]"
- Diedey (04/05/2015 - 19h29)
"[...] La dérive morale, c'est moins finalement chez des soldats coupable de crime de guerre qui en souffrent aujourd'hui que chez les fascistes prêts à couvrir et à excuser leurs actes"
- Riadh LAJNEF (04/05/2015 - 22h37)
"[...] Hamas la shoah l'antisémitisme Lepen Nabila blablabla ne sont que des leurres pour que le fascisme sioniste gagne du temps. Il gagne en tout sauf en légitimité même chez les juifs."
- Riadh LAJNEF (05/05/2015 - 10h00)
"[...] Les sionistes ont bien su manipuler le peuple juif ont jouant sur la peur et en brandissant l'épouvantail de la shoah et de l'antisémitisme. [...] Il faut que cette abomination qui est la colonisation israélienne cesse immédiatement."
- Roth Ruthmann (05/05/2015 - 09h22)
"Aujourd'hui j'ai honte d être juif. Ce n'est pas ce que les fondateurs d'Israël avaient voulu. [...]"
- Buber (05/05/2015 - 09h36)
"[...] Israël devrait méditer l'histoire biblique de David et Goliath car aujourd'hui Goliath c'est Israël. Sa brutalité peut se retourner contre lui. Qui vit par l'épée..."
- Jonathan 05/05/2015 - 13h01
"C’est terrible. Non seulement l’armée israélienne viole le droit international, mais en plus elle tente de nous - et de se - convaincre qu’elle a le droit de causer la mort de centaines de femmes et d’enfants innocents. Cette doctrine se situe des années-lumière de celle des nations occidentales, et rappelle à quel point le gouvernement israélien dérive vers l’extrême droite."
Rapport Breaking the Silence
- Soldier describes how immoral Hamas is (Elder of Ziyon) - "But what is the headline that Breaking the Silence uses for this story? “I really, really wanted to shoot her in the knees”. This shows quite clearly that BTS is not interested in showing the truth about the IDF, but that they are fishing for dirt to make it look bad".
"Looking at more of the "Breaking the Silence" testimonies, here's an example where the leftist group is trying hard to pretend that the IDF is doing something immoral - but in fact it is Hamas that is trying to get the IDF to kill civilians.
"There was this mentally handicapped girl in the neighborhood, apparently, and the fact that shots were fired near her feet only made her laugh (earlier in his testimony the soldier described a practice of shooting near people’s feet in order to get them to distance themselves from the forces). She would keep getting closer and it was clear to everyone that she was mentally handicapped, so no one shot at her. No one knew how to deal with this situation. She wandered around the areas of the advance guard company and some other company – I assume she just wanted to return home, I assume she ran away from her parents, I don’t think they would have sent her there. It is possible that she was being taken advantage of – perhaps it was a show, I don’t know. I thought to myself that it was a show, and I admit that I really, really wanted to shoot her in the knees because I was convinced it was one. I was sure she was being sent by Hamas to test our alertness, to test our limits, to figure out how we respond to civilians.
Later they also let loose a flock of sheep on us, seven or ten of whom had bombs tied to their bellies from below.
I don’t know if I was right or wrong, but I was convinced that this girl was a test. Eventually, enough people fired shots near her feet for her to apparently get the message that ‘OK, maybe I shouldn’t be here,’ and she turned and walked away.
The reason this happened is that earlier that day we heard about an old man who went in the direction of a house held by a different force; [the soldiers] didn’t really know what to do so they went up to him. This guy, 70 or 80 years old, turned out to be booby-trapped from head to toe. From that moment on the protocol was very, very clear: shoot toward the feet. And if they don’t go away, shoot to kill."
Here we see that the IDF soldiers held their fire even though there was a very real chance that the girl was booby-trapped, that Hamas had booby trapped sheep, and that Hamas had booby-trapped an old man.
But what is the headline that Breaking the Silence uses for this story? “I really, really wanted to shoot her in the knees”. This shows quite clearly that BTS is not interested in showing the truth about the IDF, but that they are fishing for dirt to make it look bad.
In other cases the BTS interviewer tried very hard to get the soldier to denounce IDF's rules of engagement:
"- There were cases in which families were apparently killed by fighter jet strikes. How do you explain that?
- A lot of houses were hit, and some of those houses were also shared by occupants aside from [Hamas] militants. I think most of the families that were hurt were in cases like Shuja’iyya, (the testifier is referring to the artillery shot in the aftermath of the event in which seven IDF soldiers were killed when their APC was hit by a rocket) where the threshold for opening fire was more lax because forces were in immediate danger.
- But the forces were operating in neighborhoods that were supposed to be uninhabited.
- ‘Supposed to be’ is one thing, but in reality there were people in there sometimes. In the urban areas of Rafah and Khuza’a, every other house was marked as ‘active’ (being used by militants). It was a real hornet’s nest in there, and they took down those houses systematically. ‘Roof knocking’ (a method by which a small missile is fired on the roof of a building as a warning shot to its residents that it is about to be struck) followed by a boom, ‘roof knocking,’ a boom. Despite the fact that no one was ‘supposed to be’ in there."
Showing that the IDF still tried to warn residents even in areas thatthey shouldn't have been and that they were under active fire from Hamas!
"- But there are means of confirming that there aren’t any people [in the houses], so how did it happen that they got killed anyway?
- We can’t know everything. We did everything we could in order to know. If the family had no phone and a ‘roof knocking’ was conducted, and after a few minutes no one came out, then the assumption was that there was no one there.
- You were working under the assumption that once a ‘roof knocking’ was conducted everyone leaves the building immediately, and if nobody leaves it means there was no one inside?
- People who are willing to sacrifice themselves, there’s nothing you can do. We have no way of knowing if there were people in there who decided not to get out.
- But the bomb was dropped on the house?
- And say after a ‘roof knocking’ 10 people go up on the roof of the house?
- Then you don’t strike the house.
- And what if after a ‘roof knocking’ 10 people stay inside the living room?
- If people were inside the house I didn’t know about it. But I don’t think that was taken into consideration [over whether or not to bomb the house].
- Is it a requirement to make sure no civilians are in a structure before it’s attacked by a fighter jet?
- It’s not obligatory. Say the target was [Hamas’] deputy battalion commander in Shuja’iyya, an attack would be launched if the number of civilians wasn’t too high. By too high, I mean a two-digit number."
Everything this soldier says is perfectly legal in the laws of armed conflict. What else could soldiers do to determine if civilians are in the house after leaflets, phone calls and roof-knocking? Should they ring the doorbell and ask politely to speak to the head of the household? [...]"
- Here's an example of a "Breaking the Silence" testimony (Elder of Ziyon) - "But BTS and its sponsors know that most people wouldn't bother reading the stories themselves that often show the morality of the IDF, and will only read the most lurid ones".
"Today, the leftist group Breaking the Silence released a report on how awful the IDF was during the Gaza war. As usual, the stories have no context and no details, so it is difficult to know what exactly happened. But I went to the BTS site to see testimonies from Gaza last year. Here was the first one I saw:
"- There were a few times where it was just too much and I had to say something. Because in two months of fighting, people make mistakes, mistakes happen. It’s our good fortune, and I mean both as a nation and as the IDF, that there are some people who know how to stand up and say, “Hang on, something bad is happening here.” I remember one incident in which there was permissiveness of sort on the part of the upper levels with regard to wanting to open fire, and it was fortunate that somebody stepped up and said something.
- What was the story?
- Some militant was being monitored, he had been incriminated, and he was on his way to a meeting with other militants, and on his way there he was joined by another person who started walked alongside him, and the moment their paths linked up – despite the fact that it was totally against regulations – the second guy got incriminated too, and nobody knew from where he had popped up. So you couldn’t incriminate him ‘dry.’ And in that case, there were people there who said, “Hang on, this is no good.” And in the end the strike wasn’t carried out, it wasn’t executed. What I’m trying to say is, that sometimes even the commanders up top make mistakes, and I was present during an incident where it was stopped. I can’t know if there were incidents in which it wasn’t stopped, but in my estimation there were cases in which incriminations were made against the regulations."
So someone walking next to a militant was almost accidentally killed and in the end he wasn't because someone spoke up. Doesn't this show how horrible the IDF is? Arguably, this shows that the IDF's rules of engagement are too permissive. Depending on the value of the target, according to the laws of armed conflict, the IDF could have killed both of them without the slightest worry about it being a war crime or even immoral.
Akiva Bigman at Mida last year looked at many more testimonies and was equally underwhelmed. Every story he read either didn't show anything very wrong, minor problems or issues that would happen any time you deal with human beings, or at worst, some problematic episodes that don't describe the context of the danger that the soldiers were in at the moment of decision.
I'm seeing other stories that are just as unimportant. But BTS and its sponsors know that most people wouldn't bother reading the stories themselves that often show the morality of the IDF, and will only read the most lurid ones that are cherry-picked for Haaretz.
If any other Western army had a similar initiative to BTS, chances are they would come out much worse. Yet "Breaking the Silence," as with so many other NGOs, is funded by the EU with the intent to bash Israel and only Israel. Because you've gotta start somewhere. And, apparently, when Israel is your target, you've gotta end at the same place you start."
- Europe to Breaking the Silence: Bring Us As Many Incriminating Testimonies As Possible (NGO Monitor) - "BtS makes sweeping accusations based on anecdotal, anonymous and unverifiable testimonies of low level soldiers".
"On May 4, 2015, the political advocacy NGO Breaking the Silence (BtS) published a booklet of testimonies concerning the Summer 2014 Gaza conflict. (As of the morning of May 4, it is only available in Hebrew.) It stands to reason that this publication is meant to support the UN’s “Schabas” investigation and bolster attempts to bring charges against Israeli officials at the International Criminal Court (ICC). As with many other BtS publications, this report lacks all credibility and objectivity. Likewise, the extensive foreign funding that Breaking the Silence receives, as well as its international political activities, highlight the problems with this publication.
Despite the NGO’s claim that its mission is to address Israeli society, BtS lobbying, media campaigns, and frequent appearances in Europe and the United States target international audiences. Next month (June 4-14), BtS activists will appear in Switzerland to present their political agenda at an event organized by supporters of pro-BDS groups. [...]
Contrary to BtS’ claim that “the contents and opinions in this booklet do not express the position of the funders,” NGO Monitor research reveals that a number of funders made their grants conditional on the NGO obtaining a minimum number of negative “testimonies.” This contradicts BtS’ declarations and thus turns it into an organization that represents its foreign donors’ interest, severely damaging the NGO’s reliability and its ability to analyze complicated combat situations. [...]
BtS makes sweeping accusations based on anecdotal, anonymous and unverifiable testimonies of low level soldiers. These “testimonies” lack context, ignoring the fact that during the 2014 Gaza War heavy fighting took place between Israel and terror groups in Gaza, and that soldiers faced grave danger throughout the conflict from rockets, mortar shells, and terrorists emerging from tunnels dug beneath private homes. These distortions and erasures dovetail BtS’ ideological agenda and fuel delegitimization campaigns against Israel.
A careful reading of the testimonies reveals that IDF soldiers conducted themselves according to the norms expected of soldiers (Israeli or from other democratic countries) when faced with the challenges of high-intensity fighting. The testimonies (if indeed reliable) that portray questionable incidents should be fully investigated. In such instances, the testimony and relevant individuals should be referred to the Military Advocate General Corps, which can order an investigation to be opened. That BtS did not approach the MAG Corps raises serious questions regarding the NGO’s motives.
BtS’ allegations that the IDF operated according to a principle of “minimum risk to our forces, even at the cost of harming innocent civilians” together with “an attempt to terrorize the Palestinians” and that “serious questions arise as to the moral norms that guide IDF operations” do not tally with the testimonies, and are nothing more than an attempt by the NGO to portray the events in line with its political agenda.
In its introduction, BtS fails to mention that terrorist groups in Gaza launched rockets, dug tunnels, and placed almost all of their fighting positions in civilian areas in Gaza, including mosques, schools, and hospitals. Thus, the organization provides a partial portrayal of the rationale that guided the IDF. Additionally, BtS does not explain that the IDF used multiple methods of warning civilians to leave areas of fighting in a way that is above and beyond the norm among Western countries. Methods included leaflets, phone calls, and “roof knocking.”
In many cases, the testimonies and the headlines create an impression that soldiers wanted to commit crimes. For instance, a testimony titled “I really really wanted to shoot her in the knees” actually describes how terrorist groups used civilians and animals to attack IDF troops. Another testimony mentions that the IDF attacked Wafa Hospital, but neglects to mention the terrorists operating from within the hospital."
- IDF must investigate testimonies about Gaza war - even if it comes from leftist NGO, Amos Harel (Haaretz) - "The NGO’s anti-occupation agenda does not negate its soldiers’ testimony about Operation Protective Edge".
- Daniel Tragerman was killed by mortar fired from UN facility – ex-IDF chief (Times of Israel) - "Hamas’s tactics of targeting and hiding behind civilians demand a change to rules of war, says Benny Gantz".
"The mortar round that killed four-year-old Daniel Tragerman on the second to last day of the war in and around Gaza last summer was fired from a United Nations installation, Lt. Gen. (res) Benny Gantz, the commander of the army during the 50-day war, said on Monday.
“I will share with you my painful experience of visiting 75 [bereaved] families in the last four months of my service… I went to visit each and every family [bereaved by the Gaza war]. No media. Just them and me,” Gantz said, speaking in English at an Israel Law Center conference on the need to change the laws of war. “I went and visited the civilians that were killed. That includes the family of Daniel Tragerman, four years old, that I was in the same kibbutz when they shot those mortars from a UN installation in Gaza.”
Gantz had happened to be visiting Kibbutz Nahal Oz — a community perched roughly one mile from the Gaza Strip — on August 22, 2014, when a mortar shell fired from Gaza landed outside the Tragerman family’s home, killing Daniel. The mortar shell landed outside and sent shrapnel smashing into the home. Daniel and his family had only a three-second warning between the sounding of the alarm and the impact of the mortar round that killed him. Daniel’s mother Gila said at his funeral that he generally displayed an “iron discipline” about the mortar warnings. On that day, he did not make it into the reinforced “safe room” in their house in time. [...]
Speaking of Hamas’s practice of largely targeting Israeli civilians and operating from within civilian population centers, Gantz said democratic countries must update the laws of war, returning to a period “when the laws of war were meant to limit the bad guys” and not a tool to be used by terror organizations in the asymmetric battles of today.
In the late days of the war, Hamas, frustrated by Israel’s rocket defense — which intercepted hundreds of rockets fired at civilian centers — shifted tactics, focusing on mortar rounds, which travel a shorter distance and for which Israel does not yet have an adequate defensive response. [...]
Gantz, who was speaking at the Israel Law Center’s “Toward a New Law of War” Conference in Jerusalem, illustrated the way Israel’s enemies use civilian cover by focusing on two Gaza hospitals – Shifa, in Gaza City, and Wafa, in Shujaiya. The former, he said, was used as a hiding spot for Hamas leadership throughout the war and not targeted by the IDF — “even though I knew that Hamas leadership was somewhere there underground,” he said – and Wafa was used as a Hamas operational center during the bloody battle for Shujaiya and bombed only once it was completely evacuated.
Civilian involvement in the next war, and perhaps an even higher death toll, was all but guaranteed, Gantz warned. “Let me tell you something,” he said. “It’s going to be worse next time”."
- Lauryn Hill cède aux pressions et annule un concert en Israël (Times of Israel) - "L’ancienne chanteuse des Fugees devait se produire jeudi à Rishon Lezion mais elle subissait sur les réseaux sociaux la pression de fans qui l’appelaient à boycotter Israël".
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