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4 novembre 2015 3 04 /11 /novembre /2015 14:16

Intifada ?


- Le Français poignardé «se sentait enfin chez lui» en Israël, Nissim Behar (Libération) - "Né au Maroc en 1944, Samy Tolédano a connu une première tragédie à l’âge de 10 ans lorsque son frère David a été assassiné par des gens du cru en raison de ses origines juives".
http://www.liberation.fr/planete/2015/11/04/le-francais-poignarde-se-sentait-enfin-chez-lui-en-israel_1411108
"[...] on trouve très peu d’informations sur Samy (Schmouel) Toledano, le septuagénaire français poignardé [lundi] à Natanya alors qu’il traversait la rue avec son épouse, Rivka (prénom hébraïque). [...] Selon la porte-parole de l’hôpital Laniado à Natanya, le Français est arrivé aux urgences «conscient mais en situation critique». Depuis lors, son état a été stabilisé mais il se trouve toujours aux soins intensifs et personne ne prétend qu’il est tiré d’affaire. «C’est prématuré», dit-on à l’hôpital.
Les époux Toledano ont émigré en Israël il y a quelques semaines à peine parce qu’ils pensaient s’y trouver plus en sécurité qu’en France. L’attentat de l’Hyper Casher a été l’élément déclencheur de leur «alyah» («montée» vers Israël). Mais, avant cela, Samy et son épouse, ébranlés par la multiplication d’actes antisémites dans l’Hexagone, avaient, dit-on, souvent affiché leur malaise grandissant. Un trouble qui les a poussés, comme beaucoup d’autres, à s’installer à Natanya pour y vivre une retraite ensoleillée.
«Ce sont des gens calmes et sans histoires, affirme un voisin contacté par téléphone. Samy s’est toujours déclaré "heureux" de s’être installé en Israël. Il déclarait qu’il se sentait "enfin chez lui" et qu’il ne rentrerait en France sous aucun prétexte.»
Né au Maroc en 1944, Samy Tolédano a connu une première tragédie à l’âge de 10 ans lorsque son frère David a été assassiné par des gens du cru en raison de ses origines juives. Ses parents et lui se sont alors enfuis en France où le futur habitant de Natanya a fondé une famille. Les trois enfants de Samy Toledano sont attendus ce mercredi à l’hôpital Laniado, où les visites succèdent aux visites. [...]"

- Attentat déjoué près d’un checkpoint en Cisjordanie (Times of Israel)
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/attentat-dejoue-pres-dun-checkpoint-en-cisjordanie/
"Les soldats de Tsahal ont appréhendé mardi matin un Palestinien armé d’un couteau et d’un engin explosif improvisé à côté du passage de Gilboa entre Israël et la Cisjordanie, au sud d’Afula, a indiqué l’armée. Les soldats ont arrêté le suspect à la station d’essence à côté du checkpoint. Il a été arrêté et emmené pour un interrogatoire après que des armes aient été trouvées sur sa personne. L’intersection, située sur la route 60 au nord de la ville palestinienne de Jénine, a vu plusieurs attaques ces derniers jours. [...]"

- A Palestinian, 19, Knifes an 80-year-old Woman, Bradley Burston (Haaretz) - "There are questions that, while simple, have much to teach all of us, like 'How does stabbing a 70-year-old man and an 80-year-old woman free Palestine?'"
http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.683951

- The Facebook Intifada, Micah Lakin Avni (New York Times) - "The young men who boarded the bus that day intent on murdering my 76-year-old father did not make their decision in a vacuum".
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/03/opinion/the-facebook-intifada.html
"Three weeks ago, my father was riding on a public bus in Jerusalem’s Armon Hanatziv neighborhood when terrorists from East Jerusalem shot him in the head and stabbed him multiple times. Afterward, as he lay unconscious in the intensive care unit of Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem, fighting for his life, one question was on my mind: What inspired the two young Palestinian men to savagely attack my father and a busload of passengers?
My father, Richard Lakin, dedicated his life to the cause of Israeli-Arab reconciliation. Ever since moving to Israel from Connecticut in the 1980s, he spent his career teaching English to Israeli and Arab children. Inspired by his experience marching with the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in the 1960s, he became a founding member of Israel Loves Iran, a social media initiative designed to bring the citizens of these two nations closer together. When news of his tragedy broke, many of the Christian, Muslim and Jewish residents of Jerusalem who knew my father and admired his work rushed to his bedside to pay their respects and say a prayer for his recovery. Even Ban Ki-moon, the secretary general of the United Nations, stopped by on his recent visit to Israel.
Watching the well-wishers congregating in the intensive care unit, however, I realized that the world leaders who were having the most impact on the situation in the Middle East right now weren’t Mr. Ban or Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, but Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook, Jack Dorsey of Twitter and other young entrepreneurs who shape the social media platforms most of us use every day.
It may sound strange to talk of Twitter and Facebook as relevant players in the war against terror, but as the recent wave of violence in Israel has proved, that is increasingly the case. The young men who boarded the bus that day intent on murdering my 76-year-old father did not make their decision in a vacuum. One was a regular on Facebook, where he had already posted a “will for any martyr.” Very likely, they made use of one of the thousands of posts, manuals and instructional videos circulating in Palestinian society these last few weeks, like the image, shared by thousands on Facebook, showing an anatomical chart of the human body with advice on where to stab for maximal damage.
Sickeningly, my father, too, became a viral hit on Palestinian social media: Hours after he was shot and stabbed, a video re-enactment of the attack was posted online celebrating the gruesome incident, and calling on more young Palestinians to go out and murder Jews. Such images, YouTube videos and comments have become a regular feature on social media after every attack.
My father raised me to cherish and protect free speech, but the very liberty that free speech was designed to protect is at stake when it is used to spread venom and incite violence. Just as it is universally recognized that shouting fire in a crowded theater is dangerous and should be prohibited, so, too, must we now recognize that rampant online incitement is a danger that must be reckoned with immediately, before more innocent people end up as victims. [...]"

- Première vidéo en hébreu de l’Etat islamique, Piotr Smolar (Le Monde) - "On sait qu'il y a quelques Palestiniens en leur sein, ils peuvent avoir réalisé cet enregistrement".
http://www.lemonde.fr/proche-orient/article/2015/11/04/premiere-video-en-hebreu-de-l-etat-islamique_4803026_3218.html
"Confronté à une éruption de violences palestiniennes depuis le début du mois d'octobre, Israël a enregistré sans grande émotion un signal nouveau, en provenance de l'organisation Etat islamique (EI). Pour la première fois, une vidéo contenant une allocution en hébreu a été diffusée. Mise en ligne vers la mi-octobre, elle promet qu'"il ne restera bientôt plus un seul juif à Jérusalem et dans le pays". Un combattant masqué fait référence à la vague d'attaques à la voiture-bélier et au couteau commises par des Palestiniens, en promettant bien pire aux Israéliens. "Vous avez perdu la tête et commencé à redouter chaque conducteur qui accélère. Vous avez même eu peur de toute personne portant quelque chose entre les mains. Que se passera-t-il lorsque des milliers - de djihadistes - arriveront du monde entier pour vous massacrer ?"
Malgré ces menaces, la vidéo n'a provoqué aucun commentaire parmi les dirigeants israéliens. Pour l'heure, quelques dizaines seulement d'Arabes israéliens et de Palestiniens sont partis combattre en Syrie. Beaucoup d'arrestations préventives ont éteint des vocations. "On n'est pas en haut de leur liste, explique un diplomate de haut rang. Il ne faut pas surinterpréter ce message. L'EI combat avant tout les chiites, puis les Kurdes. On sait qu'il y a quelques Palestiniens en leur sein, ils peuvent avoir réalisé cet enregistrement. D'autant qu'on avait beaucoup reproché à Al-Qaida de ne pas se préoccuper du conflit israélo-palestinien…" L'EI chercherait donc à profiter des circonstances.
L'organisation poursuit en même temps ses règlements de comptes avec les factions palestiniennes. Dans une autre vidéo récente, en arabe, un djihadiste critique l'inaction du Hamas, qui contrôle la bande de Gaza depuis 2007, et du Fatah, la formation du président Mahmoud Abbas. "Ils ne sont tous deux préoccupés que par leurs propres intérêts et certains sont même des agents des croisés et des juifs", disait-il. Fin juin, l'EI avait déjà enregistré une vidéo dirigée contre le Fatah et le Hamas, en promettant d'instaurer la loi islamique dans la bande de Gaza.
Même si Israël ne représente pas une cible prioritaire pour l'EI, les forces de sécurité regardent avec attention la situation en Jordanie, partenaire-clé, et en Egypte. L'affiliation il y a un an du groupe Ansar Beit Al-Makdis, dans le Sinaï égyptien, à l'EI a provoqué un renforcement de la vigilance israélienne à la frontière, par crainte d'une pénétration soudaine en vue d'un attentat de grande ampleur."

- USA : une résolution condamne l’incitation anti-israélienne de l’AP (Times of Israel) - « Il est plus que temps pour le président Abbas de se lever et de condamner tous ces actes de violence plutôt que d’encourager cette violence en rendant gloire aux terroristes et en apprenant aux enfants à considérer les Israéliens comme des animaux. »
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/usa-une-resolution-condamne-lincitation-anti-israelienne-de-lap/
"La Chambre des représentants des Etats-Unis a adopté à l’unanimité une résolution bipartite condamnant l’incitation anti-Israël et antisémite de l’Autorité palestinienne. La résolution, parrainée par la républicaine Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Fla., présidente du sous-comité de la Chambre dédié au Moyen-Orient et à l’Afrique du Nord et par le républicain Ted Deutch, D-Fla., éminent membre du sous-comité, est passée lundi.
« La Chambre des représentants a envoyé un message clair aux dirigeants palestiniens : l’incitation anti-Israël qui a récemment provoqué tension, violence et terreur ne sera plus tolérée », a affirmé Ros-Lehtinen dans un communiqué publié à l’issue du vote de la résolution. « Il ne devrait y avoir aucun doute quant au fait que l’Autorité palestinienne donne le la avec son incitation, provoquant la récente vague d’attaques perpétrées contre des civils israéliens innocents ».
Deutch a déclaré à l’issue du vote que la récente vague d’attaques terroristes en Israël « est le résultat direct de l’incitation des dirigeants palestiniens qui accusent Israël de vouloir modifier le statu quo en vigueur sur le mont du Temple ». « Ces fausses accusations envoient un message dangereux selon lequel la violence et les actes terroristes sont acceptables et même justifiés », a-t-il constaté. « Il est plus que temps pour le président Abbas de se lever et de condamner tous ces actes de violence plutôt que d’encourager cette violence en rendant gloire aux terroristes et en apprenant aux enfants à considérer les Israéliens comme des animaux »."

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"Processus de paix"

- PA and Fatah: Israel had "no right" to be created (PMW)
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=16097
"On the anniversary of the Balfour Declaration of Nov. 2, 1917, the PA and Fatah repeated their claim that Israel has "no right" to be created and attacked the declaration, calling it "ominous". The Balfour Declaration was a letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Baron Rothschild stating that "His Majesty's government views with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people" and is seen as the basis for later international commitments to establish the State of Israel.
Abbas' Fatah movement posted the picture above [voir sur le site] of Balfour engulfed in flames, accompanied by the text: "We will not forget the ominous promise, the Balfour Promise (i.e., Declaration) given by those with no ownership to those with no right" [Official Facebook page of the Fatah Movement, Nov. 1, 2015]
The official spokesman of the PA National Security Forces, Adnan Al-Damiri, posted similar statements: Text on photo [voir sur le site]: "We will not forget the ominous promise, the Balfour Promise made by those who have no ownership to those who have no right. Nov. 2, 1917" [Facebook page of PA National Security Forces, Adnan Al-Damiri, Nov. 2, 2015] [...]"
- Pal newspaper: Balfour Declaration worse than Holocaust (which is fake anyway) (Elder of Ziyon) - "Palestinian news site Amad has an op-ed about the Balfour Declaration, saying that it is far worse that anything that happened to Jews in the 20th Century".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/11/pal-newspaper-balfour-declaration-worse.html

- .@UNRWA worker calls Jews "the filthiest among mankind" (Elder of Ziyon) - ""Oh Allah, Just as you cleansed/purified the land with the water of rain, cleanse/purify Palestine from the filthiest among mankind. Say Amen oh Lord of the world" [...] Plus the usual pro-stabbing posts".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/11/unrwa-worker-calls-jews-filthiest-among.html

- L’ONU est «très au regret» d’admettre que des employés ont été suspendus suite à un rapport de UN Watch dévoilant leur incitation à la violence antisémite (UN Watch) - "Curieusement, le constat suivant n’a été rendu public que sous la forme d’une parenthèse supplémentaire bien dissimulée dans un rapport de l’ONU, et n’a pas été posté seul en tant que constat à part entière de l’ONU, et ne figure pas même à quelque endroit sur le site de l’UNRWA".
http://www.unwatch.org/lonu-est-tres-au-regret-dadmettre-que-des-employes-ont-ete-suspendus-suite-a-un-rapport-de-un-watch-devoilant-leur-incitation-a-la-violence-antisemite/

- Peace Now panicking because there is so LITTLE settlement activity (Elder of Ziyon) - "Peace Now keeps telling gullible media and governments that Israel is inexorably expanding and taking over Arab areas. Yet the pace of expansion has been glacial since Oslo"; "now that the truth about the slowdown has been publicized, they are panicking".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2015/11/peace-now-panicking-because-there-is-so.html

- What Do Palestinians Want?, Daniel Polisar (political scientist, provost and executive vice-president of Shalem College in Jerusalem) - "It’s time to take a close look at an often ignored subject: what ordinary Palestinians think about Israel, Jews, and terrorist attacks on civilians". Un excellent article sur la perspective ordinaire des Palestiniens, malheureusement trop long pour le copier/coller ici. Vraiment passionnant et documenté quantitativement, un court essai qui vaut largement la lecture.
http://mosaicmagazine.com/essay/2015/11/what-do-palestinians-want/
"The most recent wave of Palestinian terror attacks, now entering its second month, has been mainly the work of “lone wolf” operators running over Israeli civilians, soldiers, and policemen with cars or stabbing them with knives. The perpetrators, many in or just beyond their teenage years, are not, for the most part, activists in the leading militant organizations. They have been setting forth to find targets with the expectation, generally fulfilled, that after scoring a casualty or two they will be killed or badly wounded. What drives these young Palestinians, experts say, is a viral social-media campaign centered on claims that the Jews are endangering the al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem and that Israel is executing Palestinian children.
Pundits and analysts in Israel and the West, struck by the elements that make this round of violence different from its predecessors over the past decade-and-a-half—which typically featured well-orchestrated shootings, suicide bombings, or rocket fire—have focused on the motivations of individual attackers, on how and why the Palestinian political and religious leadership has been engaging in incitement, and on what Israeli officials or American mediators might do to quell the violence.
Absent almost entirely from this discussion has been any attempt to understand the perspective of everyday Palestinians. Yet it is precisely the climate of public opinion that shapes and in turn is shaped by the declarations of Palestinian leaders, and that creates the atmosphere in which young people choose whether to wake up in the morning, pull a knife from the family kitchen, and go out in search of martyrdom. Whether commentators are ignoring the views of mainstream Palestinians out of a mistaken belief that public opinion does not matter in dictatorships, or out of a dismissive sense that they are powerless pawns whose fate is decided by their leaders, Israel, or regional and world powers, the omission is both patronizing and likely to lead to significant misunderstandings of what is happening. In this essay I aim to fill the lacuna by addressing what Palestinians think both about violence against Israelis and about the core issues that supply its context and justification. [...]
In what follows, I focus on three related questions: What do Palestinians think of Israel and of Jews? How do they view the Jewish claim to at least a part of the land of Israel, and especially Jerusalem? And what do they believe about the legitimacy, efficacy, and desirability of carrying out terrorist attacks against Israelis? My hope is that, on the basis of these findings, I can provide a better sense of what lies behind the current wave of violence and perhaps stimulate discussion about how it might be curbed. [...]
To sum up: these findings show the degree to which the recent Palestinian perpetrators of violence reflect and are acting on the basis of views widely held in their society. Though they may be lone wolves in the technical sense of not belonging to an organizational command structure, they are anything but alone within their communities. To the contrary, they are surrounded by people who share many of their core beliefs, who justify the attacks they are carrying out, who see their actions as potentially valuable in furthering Palestinian goals, and who can be counted on to venerate them and their families.
These popularly held attitudes also make it difficult for Palestinian officials to limit their own incitement of violence or to deploy security forces vigorously to curb the attacks. So long as Palestinian popular opinion remains where it is, eruptions of violence will always be possible, and once begun can easily and quickly escalate. [...]
Palestinian support for violence, and the attitudes underlying that support, have developed and become entrenched over a period of decades. Altering those attitudes can only begin once the attitudes are recognized for what they are, without blinking and without excuses. Toward that end, I hope this essay, along with the broader research project of which it is a part, can serve as a catalyst."

- Israeli Intelligence Agencies: Relations With Palestinian Authority Damaged, Any Quiet Will Be Short-term, Amos Harel (Haaretz) - "Israeli intelligence agencies say situation within Palestinian Authority — the weakened status of President Abbas, the emerging battle for his succession, and the sense of the PA’s diplomatic ineffectiveness — will not allow for the resumption of a long-term calm".
http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.684076

- If Yitzhak Rabin had lived, David Horovitz (Times of Israel) - "He was the outstanding leader of his generation, and Israel has never recovered from his loss. But even with Rabin, I’m less than certain that all would have been peace and joy in these parts".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/if-yitzhak-rabin-had-lived/
"If Yitzhak Rabin had lived, I’d like to think he’d have made peace with the Palestinians, but I’m not at all sure.
Bill Clinton, both in a 2013 interview aired by Israel’s Channel 2 for the first time last week, and in his address to the Saturday night rally marking the 20th anniversary of the assassination, expressed presidential certainty that Rabin would have concluded a permanent accord with the Palestinians. Shimon Peres, Rabin’s perennial rival-partner, was similarly adamant in an interview this week: “I am sure that if he were alive he would have made peace with the Palestinians…”
Well, with all due respect to Clinton and Peres, the sorry fact is that Yasser Arafat — whom Clinton said so trusted Rabin, and was even “a little intimidated by him” — wasn’t sufficiently trusting, or intimidated, or committed to peacemaking, as to put a halt to Palestinian terrorism even as they were all shaking hands on the various interim deals. As Dalia Rabin noted starkly in my recent interview with her, “The waves of terror hit the peace process, undoubtedly… (and) I have the feeling that (Rabin) wouldn’t have let it continue. There would have been a stage where he would have decided: We’re in a phased process. Let’s evaluate what we have achieved and what the price has been. He wouldn’t have stopped Oslo, but he would have done what Oslo enabled him to do: to look at it as a process and assess whether it was working.”
Eitan Haber, Rabin’s closest aide whom I interviewed two years ago, also sounded rather less than convinced, giving me a series of somewhat ambiguous answers, including this bleak sentence: “I didn’t believe for a second that Arafat was a partner and I’m not at all sure that Rabin believed he was.” [...]"

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Egypte

- Egypte : au moins trois policiers tués dans un attentat dans le Sinaï (AFP) - "un kamikaze a fait exploser sa voiture piégée devant un club de la police à Al-Arich, chef-lieu de la province du Nord-Sinaï, où l'armée combat le groupe EI". Le bilan est depuis monté à six morts.
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/egypte-au-moins-trois-policiers-tu%C3%A9s-attentat-sina%C3%AF-071524296.html

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Jordanie

- Jordanian Cleric Who Banned Killing Jews Sets Record Straight: Jihad against Brothers of Apes and Pigs a Duty (3 novembre, Vidéo 4mn26) - "In a video from February that has been circulating on social media platforms in recent days, Jordanian cleric Ali Hassan Al-Halabi said that killing Jews is not permissible, adding that the Jews "don't attack you if you don't attack them." On November 3, Sheikh Al-Halabi posted two lengthy videos in which he rebutted criticism by political rivals, especially from the Muslim Brotherhood. In the new videos, Sheikh Al-Halabi referred to Jews as "the brothers of apes and pigs" and said that Jihad against them is a duty, but that the Muslims are not up for the task right now, and must prepare first".
http://www.memritv.org/clip/en/5146.htm

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Iran

- Iran : « Mort à l’Amérique », « A bas Israël » pour les 36 ans de la prise de l’ambassade américaine (AFP) - "« Mort à l’Amérique », « A bas Israël » et « A bas l’Arabie Saoudite » ont été les slogans clamés lors de la commémoration de cet anniversaire, le premier depuis la conclusion en juillet de l’accord nucléaire entre l’Iran et les grandes puissances, dont les Etats-Unis".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/iran-mort-a-lamerique-a-bas-israel-pour-les-36-ans-de-la-prise-de-lambassade/

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Europe

- Herzog tells UK that labeling settlement goods ‘rewards terror’ (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/herzog-tells-uk-labeling-settlement-goods-rewards-terror/
"[...] The EU will decide next week exactly how to label West Bank settlement products, after the European Parliament passed a resolution last month to approve the measure, according to a report by Haaretz.
Herzog, who heads the dovish Zionist Union Knesset faction, told David Quarrey he “strongly opposes this harmful and unnecessary measure,” calling it “a prize that Europe is bestowing for terror.” “[It] serves only one purpose – continuing the hate and regional conflict. Marking these products is an act of violence by extremists who want to further inflame the situation and the EU is falling into their trap,” he said, according to a Hebrew-language transcript provided by Herzog’s spokesperson. The Zionist Union chairman also warned that the move would be tantamount to a “blow to tens of thousands of Palestinians employed in factories in the West Bank under proper conditions who bring in an income for their families.”
The comments were a rare note of unity between Herzog and the ruling government, which has also vociferously opposed the prospects of a labeling regime. [...]"

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