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23 septembre 2016 5 23 /09 /septembre /2016 10:24

Attentats


- Conflit israélo-palestinien: 3 attaques secouent l'accalmie récente (AFP) - "Trois assaillants ont été abattus vendredi en commettant des attaques anti-israéliennes qui ont fait quatre blessés selon les forces de sécurité, signe que les violences persistent en Israël et dans les Territoires palestiniens malgré une récente accalmie" ; "En pleine période de congé musulman de l'Aïd al-Adha, les trois attentats de vendredi sont venus interrompre une période de trois semaines sans attaques, montrant que la crispation était tout sauf dissipée".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/deux-palestiniens-commettent-attaque-contre-arr%C3%AAt-bus-lun-123645001.html
- Cisjordanie : un soldat israélien poignardé, l'assaillant blessé (AFP) - "C'est la cinquième attaque de soldat ou de civil perpétrée depuis vendredi, après une accalmie de trois semaines".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/cisjordanie-soldat-isra%C3%A9lien-poignard%C3%A9-lassaillant-bless%C3%A9-052405738.html
- Proche-Orient : trois Israéliens blessés, deux assaillants palestiniens abattus (AFP) - "Deux nouvelles attaques au couteau de Palestiniens contre les forces israéliennes ont fait trois blessés et coûté la vie à deux de leurs auteurs lundi, renforçant la crainte d'un regain de violences à l'approche des grandes fêtes juives" ; "Pour Israël, la reprise des attaques, qui a coïncidé avec la fin des congés musulmans de l'Aïd al-Adha (fête du Sacrifice), fait redouter une nouvelle flambée avec les grandes fêtes juives de Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippour et Souccot à partir d'octobre. En 2015, ces célébrations avaient été une période de vives tensions".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/cisjordanie-tentative-meurtre-policiers-palestinien-abattu-121312638.html
- Un assaillant abattu par l'armée israélienne mardi (AFP) - "Il s'agit de la neuvième attaque ou tentative d'attaque du genre depuis vendredi".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2016/09/20/97001-20160920FILWWW00068-un-assaillant-abattu-par-l-armee-israelienne.php

- Abbas rend hommage au « martyr » jordanien qui a tenté une attaque au couteau (Times of Israel) - "Dans une lettre de condoléances adressée à la famille de Saeed Amro, Abbas a déclaré que l’assaillant décédé est un « martyr ayant lavé la Terre pure de Palestine avec son sang », et a exprimé son espoir que « Dieu enveloppera le martyr de sa miséricorde et lui réservera son ultime demeure au paradis »".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/abbas-rend-hommage-au-martyr-jordanien-qui-a-tente-une-attaque-au-couteau/

- PA libel continues: Terrorist stabbers are “unarmed” victims of Israeli executions (PMW) - "Several Palestinian terrorists have carried out stabbing attacks in the last few days, injuring Israelis. Some of the terrorists were shot and killed during their attacks. The violent acts of terror have gone unaddressed by Palestinian leaders, and have even been denied by some. Instead, Palestinian leaders describe the perpetrators as victims and accuse Israel of carrying out "summary executions"."
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=18816

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"Processus de paix"

- Abbas : la colonisation israélienne "détruit" toute solution à deux Etats (AFP) - "Le président palestinien Mahmoud Abbas a affirmé jeudi à la tribune de l'ONU que la poursuite de la colonisation israélienne en Cisjordanie allait détruire tout espoir d'une solution à deux Etats".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/abbas-colonisation-isra%C3%A9lienne-d%C3%A9truit-toute-solution-%C3%A0-deux-164423899.html
- Netanyahu à l'ONU : le conflit "ne porte pas sur les colonies" (AFP) - ""Ce conflit ne porte pas sur les colonies, cela n'a jamais été le cas", a-t-il affirmé. Ce conflit "a toujours porté sur l'existence d'un Etat juif, un Etat juif quelles que soient ses frontières". Citant Haïfa, Jaffa et Tel-Aviv, des localités situées en Israël, il a ajouté: "voilà vraiment les colonies auxquelles ils (les Palestiniens) s'opposent". Il a reconnu que la colonisation était "un vrai sujet" mais qu'il "peut et doit être résolu dans le cadre de négociations sur le statut final" des Territoires palestiniens".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/netanyahu-%C3%A0-lonu-le-conflit-171540076.html
- Abbas et Netanyahu croisent le fer à l'ONU sur la colonisation (AFP) - "Brillant orateur, le Premier ministre israélien a consacré la première partie de son exposé à expliquer, à grand renfort d'anecdotes, que malgré la "partialité" de l'ONU envers son pays -- "une véritable farce" -- celui-ci tissait des liens avec de plus en plus de pays en Afrique, Asie et Amérique latine qui le considèrent comme un géant de la technologie et un rempart contre le terrorisme".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/netanyahu-conflit-isra%C3%A9lo-palestinien-ne-porte-colonies-180630593.html

- Abbas now claims that Israel has been illegally occupying land since 1948! (Elder of Ziyon) - "He's not talking about the 1949 armistice lines (the so-called "1967 border") - he is saying that Israel is violating the UN Charter by occupying land past the partition lines - lines that never had any legal validity! And it was his fellow Palestinians who violated Resolution 181 and didn't accept the idea of a Jewish state that it specified - and still doesn't!"
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.com/2016/09/abbas-now-claims-that-israel-has-been.html

- Fatah celebrates terror. Like they do every day (Elder of Ziyon) - "The Fatah Facebook page celebrates terror literally every day. Today they show this newly colorized picture of airplane hijacker Leila Khaled and late Fatah terrorist Abu Jihad. The caption says, "We are from January the 1st [1965 - the first Fatah terror attack], oh homeland... one generation salutes the next one"."
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.com/2016/09/fatah-celebrates-terror-like-they-do.html

- Fatah cartoon: Jews are behind world terror (PMW) - "Fatah has posted a cartoon that shows a Jew with a large nose and wearing a kippah (Jewish skullcap), comfortably seated in an armchair with the Star of David on it. Using a remote control, the Jew sets off an explosion in the city below, viewing the destruction as if watching TV". Voir image sur le site.
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=18832

- Summer camps teach Palestinian kids that stabbers are heroes (PMW) - "This summer, Palestinian children in the Jerusalem area were able to join a summer camp that was named “the Martyr Baha Alyan Pioneers” - after terrorist Baha Alyan who with an accomplice murdered 3 Israelis on a bus last October".
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=18781

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Israël

- Une Arabe israélienne arrive 2ème au concours "Miss Trans" international (i24) - "Hanna a indiqué qu'elle souhaitait inspirer à travers sa propre expérience d'autres Arabes qui peuvent se sentir pris au piège "dans une cage"" ; "Lors de sa victoire en tant que "Miss Trans Israël" Abu Hanna avait affirmé être "fière d’être arabe israélienne" et déploré que "dans n’importe quel autre pays arabe, je pourrais être en prison ou assassinée"."
http://www.i24news.tv/fr/actu/culture/125946-160921-une-arabe-chretienne-israelienne-remporte-la-2eme-place-du-concours-miss-trans

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Monde arabe

- Yémen : au moins 20 civils tués dans des raids (AFP) - "Au moins 20 civils ont été tués hier [mercredi] soir dans des raids aériens de la coalition arabe contre un quartier de la ville portuaire de Hodeida (ouest), contrôlée par les rebelles chiites Houthis".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2016/09/22/97001-20160922FILWWW00036-yemen-20-civils-tues-dans-des-raids.php

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Iran

- Iran parades new weapons at time of Gulf tension with US (Reuters) - "A banner on the side of a truck carrying the new missile bore a threat to Iran's arch-foe Israel: "If the leaders of the Zionist regime make a mistake then the Islamic Republic will turn Tel Aviv and Haifa to dust"."
http://www.straitstimes.com/world/middle-east/iran-parades-new-weapons-at-time-of-gulf-tension-with-us

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Point de vue

- A Palestinian State Free of Jews?, Eugene Kontorovich (professor at Northwestern University School of Law) - "There is simply no support in international practice for the expulsion of settlers from occupied territories. In the many situations involving settlers around the world, the international community has never supported expulsion, and consistently backed plans allowing the settlers to remain in a new state".
http://www.tabletmag.com/scroll/213597/a-palestinian-state-free-of-jews
"Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu provoked a storm of diplomatic disapproval last week, when he pointed out that “the Palestinian Authority actually demands a Palestinian state with one precondition: no Jews.” The Obama Administration responded that it is “inappropriate” to speak of demands for a removal of settlers in such terms. Removing the settlers, Netanyahu’s critics say, is natural and appropriate: their presence in a Palestinian state would cause tension and problems, and in any case, they should not have been there in the first place.
While it is not surprising that the head of the U.N. was unhappy with Netanyahu’s remarks, the head of the Anti-Defamation League, Jonathan Greenblatt, also joined in. But neither actually addressed the central issue that Netanyahu raised: why it is legitimate for the Palestinians to ask for a Jew-free state?
When pressed, defenders of the Palestinian position characterize the demand as no "settlers" rather than the uglier-sounding no "Jews". The claim is hard to take at face value, as the Palestinians have never objected to Israeli Arabs settling across the Green Line, as they have in significant numbers. But, granting its sincerity, what does international law say about the demand to remove settlers as part of a solution to a territorial conflict? To answer this question, as part of a larger research study on settlements, I examined the fate of settlers in every occupation since the adoption of the Geneva Conventions—eight major situations in total. The results highlight how extraordinary the Palestinian demand is.
There is simply no support in international practice for the expulsion of settlers from occupied territories. In the many situations involving settlers around the world, the international community has never supported expulsion, and consistently backed plans allowing the settlers to remain in a new state.
Settlement activity is the rule rather than the exception in situations of belligerent occupation around the world. In places like Western Sahara and northern Cyprus, the settlers now make up a majority of the population. In most other places, they account for a much higher percentage of the territory’s population than Jews would in a potential Palestinian state. In all these cases, the arrival of the settlers was accompanied with the familiar claims of seizure of land and property, and serious human rights abuses. Unlike the Israeli situation, it was also accompanied with a large-scale expulsion of the prior inhabitants from the territory.
In internationally-brokered efforts to resolve these conflicts, the question of the fate of the settlers naturally arose. The answer, across all these very different situations, has always been the same: the settlers stay. Indeed, the only point of dispute has typically been what proportion of settlers receive automatic citizenship in any newly-created state and what proportion merely gets residence status. Thus, when East Timor, for example, received independence in an internationally-approved process, none of the Indonesian settlers were required to leave. The current U.N.-mediated peace plan for Western Sahara and Cyprus not only presupposes the demographically dominant settler population can remain, it also gives it a right to vote in referenda on potential deal.
This is not because these settlers are beloved by the surrounding population. The opposite is true. In the Paris peace talks to end the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia, representatives of the latter tried to raise the possibility of expelling the nearly million Vietnamese settlers. Their arguments were familiar: the settlers remind them of the occupation, rekindle ancient hatreds, and destabilize the peace. Yet the Cambodian demand for the mass removal of ethnic Vietnamese was rejected outright by diplomats: One simply cannot ask for such things.
Indeed, uniform international practice shows that the "removal" of settlers is an obstacle to peace. In those occupations that have been resolved—East Timor, Cambodia, Lebanon—such demands would have been a complete deal-breaker. And those still subject to international diplomacy, however slim the chances of resolution, there would not even be a pretense of negotiation had demands similar to the Palestinians been made.
In short, the Palestinians couching their objection as one about removing “settlers” rather than Jews does not change the harsh reality. There is simply no precedent in international practice for the demand. Whatever term one uses for such a demand, Netanyahu was clearly right to call attention to the extraordinary nature of the demand. It is also disappointing that, instead of exercising moral leadership on this issue, the ADL went against its mission by seemingly excusing singular treatment for Jews.
Yet the most controversial part of his comments were two words: ethnic cleansing. Indeed, the phrase invites criticism because there is no precise legal definition of the term. However, it is generally used to refer to the purge of "other" ethnic groups, rather than the group doing the cleansing. Indeed, that is why the international community demands that Israel remove the settlers itself, so the Palestinians won’t have to. One might call it ethnic pre-cleansing. Again, there is no international precedent for a country being required to forcibly remove its own population en masse.
While it may not be entirely apt, ethnic cleansing is definitely part of the story. Jews lived throughout what would later be called the West Bank until its conquest by Jordan in 1949. The Jordanians expelled every single Jew from the area they controlled. Unlike the flight of Arabs from Israel, the purge was clearly coercive, by the fact that not one Jew was left in the Jordanian occupied territory. This expulsion was clearly ethnic cleansing, and indeed it left the area clean.
Israel wrested this area, including the Old City of Jerusalem, from Jordanian control in the Six Day War. Much of the international community believes Israel was legally required to maintain the Jew-free status quo created by the Jordanian expulsion 19 years earlier. Any Israelis who do move into the area, in this view, are illegal settlers, and should be removed.
Assume that the presence of settlers is illegal. The only reason these people were “settlers” was the Jordanian expulsion of 1949, and their subsequent 19 year enforcement of a Jew-free territory. International law scholars like to say that Israel, as an occupying power, must maintain the prior status quo. Even assuming that is true, pointing out that the status quo was itself a result of recent, complete to-the-last Jew ethnic cleansing should hardly be bad form."

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