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28 février 2017 2 28 /02 /février /2017 11:21
Gaza & Hamas

- Un projectile tiré depuis Gaza frappe le sud d'Israël (i24) - "L'armée a indiqué dans un communiqué qu'elle cherchait la zone du conseil régional de Shaar Hanegev, où le projectile a frappé un terrain vague".
http://www.i24news.tv/fr/actu/israel/diplomatie-defense/138739-170227-un-projectile-tire-depuis-gaza-frappe-le-sud-d-israel-pas-de-blesse-armee
- Raids de l'aviation israélienne à Gaza après un tir de roquette (Reuters) - "Les avions ont visé quatre positions du Hamas".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/raids-laviation-isra%C3%A9lienne-%C3%A0-gaza-apr%C3%A8s-un-tir-131807796.html

- Au moins 15 tunnels gazaouis entrent en Israël (Times of Israel) - "Ces « tunnels d’attaque » ont été mis en place par le Hamas depuis l’opération Bordure protectrice".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/au-moins-15-tunnels-gazaouis-entrent-en-israel/

- Yahya Sinouar, le nouvel homme fort du Hamas à Gaza (AFP) - "L'élection de Yahya Sinouar a été interprétée comme une militarisation de la hiérarchie du Hamas. Les commentateurs israéliens se sont demandé si le compte à rebours était lancé avant une quatrième guerre en dix ans depuis la prise de pouvoir du Hamas à Gaza en 2007" ; "En 1985, il fonde l'Organisation du jihad et de la prédication. Cette unité de renseignement du Hamas débusque et punit les "collaborateurs", ces Palestiniens impitoyablement châtiés pour intelligence avec l'ennemi israélien. Il établit en outre des relations avec les pays soutenant la "résistance" face à Israël, dont l'Iran".
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/yahya-sinouar-nouvel-homme-fort-hamas-%C3%A0-gaza-120001890.html

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Judée-Samarie

- Evacuation de l'implantation d'Ofra avant la démolition de 9 maisons (i24) - "Début février, la Cour suprême avait repoussé la démolition des neuf logements jugés illégaux car construits sur des terres privées palestiniennes. Leurs occupants avaient demandé que les maisons soient uniquement scellées et non détruites. Ils espéraient bénéficier de la loi dite de "régularisation" votée il y a quelques semaines à la Knesset, permettant la légalisation de certaines implantations construites sur des terres palestiniennes en échange de compensations financières. Mais les juges ont estimé que cette loi ne pourrait pas s'appliquer de manière rétroactive aux neuf maisons de l'implantation d'Ofra qu'ils ont déjà déclarées illégales".
http://www.i24news.tv/fr/actu/international/138829-170228-implantation-protestation-avant-la-demolition-de-maisons-a-ofra

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"Processus de paix"

- Trump s'en remettra au choix des Israéliens et des Palestiniens (Reuters) - "Interrogé sur l'impression qu'il avait abandonné cette option [de deux Etats], Donald Trump a répondu : "Non, la solution à deux Etats me plaît. Mais au final, ce qui me plaira sera ce que voudront les deux parties". "On discute de cela depuis tellement d'années maintenant, et cela n'a pas marché pour l'instant", a-t-il dit. "Je serai satisfait avec ce que les deux parties souhaitent, quoi que ce soit"."
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/trump-sen-remettra-au-choix-des-isra%C3%A9liens-et-064049440.html

- Des enseignants palestiniens de l’UNRWA apprennent l’antisémitisme aux enfants (Times of Israel) - "L’éducation palestinienne à la haine du juif est un paramètre trop rarement pris en compte dans le conflit israélo-palestinien. Un rapport de l’UN Watch aide à mesurer son ampleur".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/des-enseignants-palestiniens-de-lunrwa-apprennent-lantisemitisme-aux-enfants/

- Facebook ferme la page du Fatah palestinien (AFP) - ""Nous avons reçu un message signalant que notre page contrevenait aux règlements de Facebook", a expliqué Mounir al-Jaghoub, chargé des médias au sein du Fatah et lui-même l'un des administrateurs de la page fermée". En cause naturellement : les appels répétés du Fatah à la haine et à la violence.
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/2017/02/27/97002-20170227FILWWW00328-facebook-ferme-la-page-du-fatah-palestinien.php

- Palestinians: Why a "Regional Peace Process" Will Fail, Khaled Abu Toameh (Gatestone Institute) - "In general, Palestinians have more confidence in Western countries than they do in their Arab brothers. That is why the Palestinian Authority (PA) headed by Mahmoud Abbas continues to insist on an international conference as its preferred method for achieving peace in the region and not a "regional approach" that would give Arab countries a major role in solving the conflict"; "Here is what Palestinians really want: to use the Europeans to impose a "solution" on Israel. That is why Abbas sticks to the idea of an international conference like a dog that holds for dear life onto his bone".
https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/9983/regional-peace-process
   "[...] Recently, officials in Israel and Washington started talking about a "regional approach" to solving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In this view, as many Arab countries as possible would be directly involved in the effort to achieve a lasting and comprehensive peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. Advocates of the "regional approach" believe that Arab countries such as Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Qatar and Saudi Arabia have enough leverage with the Palestinians to compel them accept a peace agreement with Israel.
    The Palestinians, however, were quick to dismiss the idea as yet another American-Israeli-Arab "conspiracy" to "liquidate" their cause and force them to make unacceptable concessions. Chief among these "unacceptable concessions" are recognizing Israel as a Jewish state and giving up the demand for a "right of return" for millions of Palestinian refugees into Israel.
    What the recent Washington-Israeli notion misses is that Palestinians simply do not trust their Arab brothers. The Palestinians consider most of the Arab leaders and regimes as "puppets" in the hands of the US and its "Zionist" allies. Worse, Many Palestinians sometimes refer to Arab leaders and regimes as the "real enemies" of the Palestinians. They would rather have France, Sweden, Norway and Belgium oversee a peace process with Israel than any of the Arab countries.
    In general, Palestinians have more confidence in Western countries than they do in their Arab brothers. That is why the Palestinian Authority (PA) headed by Mahmoud Abbas continues to insist on an international conference as its preferred method for achieving peace in the region and not a "regional approach" that would give Arab countries a major role in solving the conflict. Arab involvement in a peace process with Israel is, in fact, the last thing Abbas and other Palestinians want.
    [...] it is not even clear that any Arab states, especially Israel's neighbors, are keen on a "regional solution."  The Jordanians, for example, are worried that a "regional solution" would promote the idea of replacing the Hashemite kingdom with a Palestinian state. Echoing this fear, former Jordanian Minister of Information Saleh al-Qallab denounced the talk of a "regional conference" as a "poisonous gift and conspiracy" against Jordan and the Palestinians.
    The Egyptians, for their part, are worried that a "regional approach" would mean giving up land from Sinai to the Palestinians of the Gaza Strip -- a highly unpopular idea in Egypt. The Egyptians have good reason to be worried: some Arab leaders and countries have expressed interest in this idea.
    Likewise, the Lebanese are worried that a "regional solution" would force their country to grant full citizenship and equal rights to hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees living in that country. The Lebanese have for decades dreamed of the day they could rid themselves of the Palestinian refugee camps and their inhabitants, who have long been subjected to apartheid and discriminatory laws.
    Another adjacent state, Syria, is far too preoccupied with own implosion to think about peace between the Palestinians and Israel. Besides, when have the Syrians ever expressed concern for the Palestinians? Since the beginning of the civil war five years ago, more than 3,400 Palestinians have been killed and thousands injured. In addition, more than 150,000 Palestinians have been forced to flee Syria to neighboring Arab countries or to Europe. The Syrian regime does not care about its own people, who are being massacred in large numbers on a daily basis. Why, then, might it be expected to care about Palestinians? It would be a Syrian nightmare to resettle Palestinians and grant them full rights and citizenship. Like most Arab countries, Syria just wants its Palestinians to disappear.
    Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon and Syria are rather wary, then, about a "regional solution." And no wonder: it poses a massive threat to their national security. So, which Arab countries would help to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? Saudi Arabia? Qatar? Kuwait? Oman? Tunisia? Morocco? Really?
    Israel as a Jewish state is anathema to Palestinian aspirations. No Arab leader in the world can persuade the Palestinians to give up the "right of return" for Palestinian refugees or accept a solution that allows Israel to retain control over certain parts of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Any Arab or Palestinian leader who promotes such compromise is taking his life in his hands. And Palestinian history will record him as a "traitor" who sold out to the Jews and surrendered to American and Israeli pressure.
    Moreover, Abbas and the Palestinian Authority are far from interested in any Arab-Israeli rapprochement. Abbas and his Ramallah cohorts are already up at night worrying about the talking between Israel and some Arab countries, particularly Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states. This is "normalization" -- plain and simple. Such "normalization", in the view of the PA, is to be reserved for after Israel submits to its demands.
    Abbas's foreign minister, Riad al-Malki, made it clear this week that the Palestinians reject the idea of a "regional solution" that would give Arabs a role in the peace process. Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, he said, was mistaken to think that rapprochement between Israel and some Arab countries would produce anything good. Al-Malki denounced Netanyahu's "regional approach" as a "twisted policy," adding: "Netanyahu thinks that by establishing ties with Arab governments he could force the Palestinians to enter negotiations with Israel." According to him, the Palestinians wish to see the Europeans, and not the Arabs, at their side when they "negotiate" with Israel.
    The Palestinian foreign minister is saying that the Palestinians would rather have the Europeans in their court than their Arab brothers when it comes to trying to squeeze the life out of Israel. The Palestinians think that this is a better bet.
    In any event, any "regional solution" involving Arab countries would be doomed to fail because the Palestinians and their Arab brethren hate each other. Moreover, even if Abbas were to accept terms dictated to him by such an alliance, his own people would reject them. Any solution offered by the Arab governments will always be regarded as an "American-Zionist dictate."
    Here is what Palestinians really want: to use the Europeans to impose a "solution" on Israel. That is why Abbas sticks to the idea of an international conference like a dog that holds for dear life onto his bone."

- Golda Meir discusses the Palestinian identity (Vidéo 15mn) - intéressant entretien de 1970 sur les perspectives d'une paix.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I9M91iwP994

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Egypte

- Le Hamas accuse l’Egypte de 3 morts par gaz toxique dans un tunnel de Gaza (Times of Israel) - "Cinq autres Palestiniens ont été blessés dans le tunnel de Rafah alors qu’ils tentaient de réparer l’infrastructure détruite par l’armée égyptienne".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/le-hamas-accuse-legypte-de-3-morts-par-gaz-toxique-dans-un-tunnel-de-gaza/

- Sinaï : 6 terroristes de l'EI tués dans des raids aériens égyptiens (i24) - "Au moins quatre frappes aériennes ont été menées au cours des derniers jours et ont tué six terroristes affiliés au groupe djihadiste Wilayat Sayna, anciennement connu sous le nom d’Ansar Beit al-Maqdis. L'opération a également détruit plusieurs tunnels utilisés par les terroristes, a indiqué l'armée".
http://www.i24news.tv/fr/actu/international/moyen-orient/138847-170228-egypte-6-terroristes-de-l-ei-tues-dans-des-raids-aeriens-au-sinai

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France

- "Les Juifs restent la cible principale des djihadistes", selon un expert (i24) - "Les Juifs tiennent le rôle de canaris dans une mine de charbon".
http://www.i24news.tv/fr/actu/international/europe/138097-170219-les-juifs-restent-la-cible-principale-des-djihadistes-selon-un-expert
   "[...] Selon Peter Neumann, Directeur du Centre international d'études sur la radicalisation, la menace qui continue de peser sur les communautés et institutions juives se fait moins présente dans la conscience des individus au cours des dernières années, les terroristes islamiques ayant d'autres objectifs, mais "les Juifs restent la cible principale des djihadistes", a-t-il précisé-t-il.
   "Même la vague de terreur qui s'est abattue sur l'Europe au début de l'année 2015, a commencé avec une attaque contre Charlie Hebdo, mais aussi contre un supermarché casher à Paris", a-t-il expliqué. "Les Juifs tiennent le rôle de canaris dans une mine de charbon", a-t-il poursuivi, et toute la société devrait s'en inquiéter, car c'est généralement l’indicateur d’une crise d’une bien plus grande ampleur", a-t-il prévenu. [...]"

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Monde

- Australie : manifestations contre la visite de Netanyahu (AFP) - ""Nous sommes ici pour dénoncer le soutien de l'Australie à Israël, à une nation raciste d'apartheid", a expliqué l'avocate et auteure pro-palestinienne Randa Abdel-Fattah à l'AFP. "C'est écoeurant de voir que certains de nos dirigeants (...) ont déroulé le tapis rouge pour accueillir un criminel de guerre en Australie", a-t-elle dit" ; "Sur une grande bannière on voyait le visage de M. Netanyahu avec une moustache à la Hitler et le mot "Fasciste" écrit en-dessous", et cette image est d'ailleurs à voir en suivant le lien ci-dessous.
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/australie-manifestations-contre-visite-netanyahu-132732970.html

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Point de vue

- Israel Does Not Cause Anti-Semitism, Alan M. Dershowitz (Gatestone Institute) - "let us consider other countries: has there been growing anti-Chinese feelings around the world as the result of China's occupation of Tibet? Is there growing hatred of Americans of Turkish background because of Turkey's unwillingness to end the conflict in Cypress? Do Europeans of Russian background suffer bigotry because of Russia's invasion of Crimea? The answer to all these questions is a resounding no. If Jews are the only group that suffers because of controversial policies by Israel, then the onus lies on the anti-Semites rather than on the nation state of the Jewish people".
https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/9977/israel-does-not-cause-anti-semitism
   "In a recent letter to the New York Times, the current Earl of Balfour, Roderick Balfour, argued that it is Israel's fault that there is "growing anti-Semitism around the world." Balfour, who is a descendent of Arthur Balfour, the British Foreign Secretary who wrote the Balfour Declaration a hundred years ago, wrote the following: "the increasing inability of Israel to address [the condition of Palestinians], coupled with the expansion into Arab territory of the Jewish settlements, are major factors in growing anti-Semitism around the world." He argued further that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu "owes it to the millions of Jews around the world" who suffer anti-Semitism, to resolve the Israel-Palestine conflict.
    This well-intentioned but benighted view is particularly ironic in light of the fact that the Balfour Declaration had, as one of its purposes, to end anti-Semitism around the world by creating a homeland for the Jewish people. But now the scion of Lord Balfour is arguing that it is Israel that is causing anti-Semitism.
    Roderick Balfour's views are simply wrong both as a matter of fact and as a matter of morality. Anyone who hates Jews "around the world" because they disagree with the policy of Israel would be ready to hate Jews on the basis of any pretext. Modern day anti-Semites, unlike their forbearers, need to find excuses for their hatred, and anti-Zionism has become the excuse de jure.
    To prove the point, let us consider other countries: has there been growing anti-Chinese feelings around the world as the result of China's occupation of Tibet? Is there growing hatred of Americans of Turkish background because of Turkey's unwillingness to end the conflict in Cypress? Do Europeans of Russian background suffer bigotry because of Russia's invasion of Crimea? The answer to all these questions is a resounding no. If Jews are the only group that suffers because of controversial policies by Israel, then the onus lies on the anti-Semites rather than on the nation state of the Jewish people.
    Moreover, Benjamin Netanyahu's responsibility is to the safety and security of Israelis. Even if it were true that anti-Semitism is increasing as the result of Israeli policies, no Israeli policy should ever be decided based on the reaction of bigots around the world. Anti-Semitism, the oldest of bigotries, will persist as long as it is seen to be justified by apologists like Roderick Balfour. Thought Balfour does not explicitly justify anti-Semitism, the entire thrust of his letter is that Jew hatred is at least understandable in light of Israel's policies.
    Balfour doesn't say a word about the unwillingness of the Palestinian leadership to accept Israel's repeated offers of statehood to the Palestinians. From 1938 through 2008, the Palestinians have been offered and repeatedly rejected agreements that would have given them statehood. Even today, the Palestinian leadership refuses to accept Netanyahu's offer to sit down and negotiate a final status agreement without any pre-conditions. Nor does Balfour mention Hamas, Hezbollah, and other terrorists groups that constantly threaten Israel, along with Iran's publicly declared determination to destroy the state that Lord Balfour helped to create. It's all Israel's fault, according to Balfour, and the resulting increase in anti-Semitism is Israel's fault as well.
    Roderick Balfour ends his letter by essentially joining the boycott movement against Israel. He has declared his unwillingness to participate in the Centenary Celebration of the Balfour Declaration, until and unless Israel takes unilateral action to end the conflict. So be it. I am confident that the author of the Balfour Declaration would have willing participated in this celebration, recognizing that no country in history has ever contributed more to the world – in terms of medical, technological, environmental and other innovations -- in so short a period of time (69 years) than has Israel. Nor has any country, faced with comparable threats, ever been more generous in its offers of peace, more committed to the Rule of Law, or more protective of civilians who are used as human shields by those who attack its civilians.
    So let the Celebration of the Balfour Declaration go forward without the participation of Roderick Balfour. Let Israel continue to offer a peaceful resolution to its conflict with the Palestinians. And let the Palestinians finally come to the bargaining table, and recognize Israel as the Nation State of the Jewish people in the way that the Balfour Declaration intended."

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