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15 avril 2013 1 15 /04 /avril /2013 11:06

Démission de Fayyad

- Mahmoud Abbas accepte le départ du Premier ministre palestinien, Ali Sawafta (Reuters)
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/abbas-accepte-la-d%C3%A9mission-du-premier-ministre-palestinien-175831546--business.html
   "Le président palestinien Mahmoud Abbas a accepté samedi la démission de son Premier ministre Salam Fayyad, rapporte l'agence de presse officielle palestinienne Wafa. Il lui a demandé d'expédier les affaires courantes dans l'attente de la formation d'un nouveau gouvernement.
    Salam Fayyad, ancien responsable de la Banque mondiale, a présenté mercredi dernier sa démission au président de l'Autorité palestinienne après un désaccord entre les deux hommes sur la politique du gouvernement, sur fond de crise économique persistante. Les gouvernements occidentaux ont affiché un constant soutien à Fayyad depuis sa prise de fonction en 2007, le considérant comme le véritable artisan des efforts visant à créer un Etat palestinien. [...]
    Lors de sa visite en Cisjordanie le mois dernier, Barack Obama avait clairement décrit Abbas et Fayyad comme les "véritables partenaires" d'un processus de paix et avait espéré une relance du dialogue avec Israël dans les prochains mois. Cette semaine, le secrétaire d'Etat américain John Kerry a eu un entretien privé avec le Premier ministre palestinien, un clair signe de soutien. [...]"

- Le premier ministre palestinien démissionne (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/04/13/97001-20130413FILWWW00404-le-premier-ministre-palestinien-demissionne.php
   "[...] A Gaza, le Hamas, qui a chassé le Fatah de ce territoire en juin 2007, conduisant Mahmoud Abbas à limoger le gouvernement dominé par le mouvement islamiste pour nommer Salam Fayyad premier ministre de l'Autorité palestinienne rivale, a attribué cette démission à des "divergences internes au Fatah". "Fayyad quitte le gouvernement après avoir criblé notre peuple de dettes, et le Fatah doit en assumer la responsabilité parce que c'est lui qui l'a imposé depuis le début", a déclaré Sami Abou Zouhri, porte-parole du Hamas.
    Le différend entre Abbas et Fayyad portait officiellement sur la démission le 2 mars du ministre des Finances Nabil Qassis, acceptée par le premier ministre mais refusée par le président. La semaine dernière, le Conseil révolutionnaire du mouvement nationaliste Fatah avait fustigé "la politique du gouvernement palestinien (de M. Fayyad) empreinte d'improvisation et de confusion sur de nombreux sujets financiers et économiques". Avant la nomination de Nabil Qassis en mai 2012, le portefeuille des Finances était détenu par Salam Fayyad, un indépendant, parallèlement à ses fonctions de chef du gouvernement.
    Vendredi soir, le secrétaire d'Etat américain John Kerry avait contacté directement par téléphone Mahmoud Abbas pour l'enjoindre de régler la crise avec son Premier ministre, selon des sources officielles palestiniennes. Washington avait indiqué jeudi que Salam Fayyad, qui a la faveur des Etats-Unis, ne démissionnerait pas, une déclaration qui a été vivement dénoncée comme une "ingérence" par des dirigeants du Fatah. La démission de Salam Fayyad, crédité par la communauté internationale de l'édification d'institutions capables de porter un Etat, risque de compromettre l'entente avec les responsables israéliens et palestiniens annoncée cette semaine par John Kerry pour "promouvoir le développement économique en Cisjordanie" [...]"

- Israël déplore la démission de Salam Fayyad (Guysen)
http://www.guysen.com/fil-infos/israel-deplore-la-demission-de-salam-fayyad/
   "A Jérusalem, on déplore ce soir la démission du Premier ministre palestinien Salam Fayyad, considéré comme un « élément modéré conscient de l’importance de la coopération sécuritaire avec Israël ». « Il faut se souvenir qu’il a contribué à la construction de l’économie palestinienne et de l’Etat palestinien depuis zéro. Toutefois, le responsable du dossier diplomatique c’est Abou Mazen (ndlr- alias Mahmoud Abbas, le chef de l’AP) et la démission de Fayyad n’aura pas d’impact sur le processus de paix », ont indiqué des sources diplomatiques israéliennes. « Par contre, le départ de Fayyad peut frustrer les Américains. Ils comptaient sur lui et le considéraient comme leur interlocuteur et responsable »."

- Palestine : la démission de Salam Fayyad est un coup dur pour les États-Unis, Adrien Jaulmes (Le Figaro)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2013/04/14/01003-20130414ARTFIG00061-palestine-la-demission-de-salam-fayyad-est-un-coup-dur-pour-les-etats-unis.php
   "[...] Poli, presque effacé, pragmatique et efficace, Fayyad avait réussi l'exploit de transformer l'Autorité palestinienne héritée d'Arafat, minée par la gabegie et la corruption, en un gouvernement relativement bien géré. Depuis sa nomination en 2007, il s'était consacré à la mise en place d'institutions viables pour le futur État palestinien. Il avait notamment introduit un budget, et le paiement des fonctionnaires par virements bancaires plutôt que de la main à la main. Un diplomate français l'avait même comparé à un Raymond Barre palestinien.
    Mais la popularité de Fayyad auprès des diplomates occidentaux et des institutions internationales lui a parallèlement valu une impopularité croissante du côté palestinien. La vieille garde du Fatah, les compagnons historiques de Yasser Arafat, rentrés d'exil avec lui après les Accords d'Oslo, n'ont jamais pardonné à ce nouveau venu, qui n'avait pas participé aux combats de l'OLP, d'avoir mis fin à leur système de prébendes en les écartant du centre du pouvoir.
    Le Hamas, le mouvement islamiste rival, qui réclamait la démission de Fayyad comme condition à la réconciliation avec le Fatah, dénonçait depuis longtemps cet économiste comme un «laquais des Américains», chargé de la «politique de collaboration» avec Israël. [...]"

- Pas de favori pour succéder au Premier ministre palestinien Fayyad, Nasser Abou Bakr (AFP)
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/palestiniens-favori-succ%C3%A9der-au-premier-ministre-fayyad-120012920.html
   "Aucun favori ne se détachait clairement dimanche pour succéder au Premier ministre palestinien Salam Fayyad qui a démissionné, en dépit du soutien appuyé de Washington, soldant des mois de conflit avec le Fatah du président Mahmoud Abbas. M. Fayyad, un économiste indépendant de 61 ans, a présenté sa démission samedi à M. Abbas, qui l'a aussitôt acceptée. [...] Parmi les successeurs possibles figurent Mohammad Moustapha, conseiller économique de Mahmoud Abbas et président du Fonds d'investissement de Palestine, ou l'homme d'affaires Mazen Sinokrot, un ancien ministre de l'Economie qui a de bons rapports avec le mouvement islamiste Hamas, au pouvoir à Gaza.
    Le président Abbas pourrait lui-même assurer les fonctions de Premier ministre dans le cadre d'un gouvernement de "consensus national" prévu par les accords de réconciliation entre le Fatah et le Hamas signés au Caire (avril 2011) et à Doha (février 2012), restés pour l'essentiel inappliqués. [...]
    La rue palestinienne était partagée entre ceux qui, comme Raed al-Khatib, un jeune de 23 ans de Ramallah, regrettaient le départ d'"un des meilleurs économistes" et les autres, tel Mohammed Amine, un quinquagénaire de Jérusalem, qui espèrent un changement de politique économique "parce que nous en avons assez de souffrir de la crise".
    Israël n'a fait aucun commentaire officiel sur la démission de M. Fayyad, considéré en privé comme un interlocuteur compétent et modéré. Le correspondant diplomatique du quotidien israélien Haaretz a cependant évoqué un "événement spectaculaire" qui aura des conséquences "sur Israël et les efforts de l'administration Obama pour relancer le processus de paix, de même que la politique de l'Union européenne envers les Palestiniens". [...]"

- Palestine : «l’Américain» Fayyad claque la porte, Serge Dumont (Libération)
http://www.liberation.fr/monde/2013/04/14/palestine-l-americain-fayyad-claque-la-porte_896136
   "[...] Paradoxalement, cette démission suscite peu d’échos en Israël. «C’est un problème interne à l’Autorité palestinienne, nous ne nous en mêlons pas», a affirmé le ministre des Questions stratégiques, Youval Steinitz. Quant à son homologue de l’Environnement, Amir Peretz, il a «espéré que le changement de gouvernement palestinien n’influera pas sur la reprise des pourparlers». A contrario, en Cisjordanie, les cadres du Fatah ne cachent pas leur joie de voir partir «l’Américain». «Les résultats économiques de son gouvernement sont catastrophiques, il était temps qu’il s’en aille», a déclaré samedi le secrétaire du Conseil révolutionnaire du Fatah, Amin Makboul."

- Fayyad's resignation: The beginning of the end of the PA?, Barak Ravid (Haaretz) - "In order to survive, Abbas imposed a semi-autocratic regime in the West Bank styled after that of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak".
http://www.haaretz.com/news/middle-east/fayyad-s-resignation-the-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-pa-1.515292
   "[...] For Israel's government and defense establishment, the U.S., and the EU, which both regularly provide economic aid to the Palestinian Authority, Fayyad was the go-to man. The former International Monetary Fund economist was educated in the U.S. and was a symbol of good governance and the war on corruption. His plan to build Palestinian state institutions from the bottom up received much international support.
    But it was this success that itself bore within it the seeds of his demise. Fayyad, who served as prime minister since 2007, resigned after his relations with PA President Mahmoud Abbas deteriorated, reaching an unprecedented low. The crisis of confidence between the two leaders was sharp and irreparable. Abbas and the Fatah party's old guard that surround him saw Fayyad as a political rival who needed to be eliminated.
    Fayyad's resignation is another sign of the PA's internal disintegration and the deep political crisis it is struggling with. In order to survive, Abbas imposed a semi-autocratic regime in the West Bank styled after that of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Journalists and bloggers are sent to prison, demonstrations and criticism are suppressed with an iron fist and the government doesn't function while the ruler travels the globe.
    The PA president looked on with jealously as Fayyad gained popularity not only in Washington and Brussels but also in the West Bank. Senior Fatah party members saw Fayyad as an obstacle toward their political and economic ambitions. The Palestinian prime minister refused to transfer funds to them or to appoint them as ministers. The financial crisis that struck the PA fell like ripe fruit into the hands of Abbas and the Fatah bigwigs. They decided to direct the public anger over the rising cost of living and high unemployment towards Fayyad and his government.
    The conflict between Abbas and Fayyad grew following the latter's objection to Abbas' decision to unilaterally declare Palestinian independence at the United National General Assembly. Fayyad thought it was merely a symbolic step without real benefit and warned of the damage it would cause the PA as a result of Israeli sanctions. Fayyad was right. [...]
    Fayyad's resignation will place a question mark on the prospect of continued international aid to the PA. Without Fayyad guarding the public coffers, it's not certain that the countries currently providing the PA with aid will continue to do so. Israel will also hesitate to promote economic measures in the West Bank with Fayyad away from the steering wheel. The economic crisis in the West Bank will deepen, which means that the road to the next bout of violence is a short one.
    Fayyad's resignation is also a harsh blow to the Obama administration, and its plan to promote the peace process. A senior Israeli official pointed out that Fayyad didn't handle negotiations with Israel, so that at a first glance his resignation shouldn't affect the American-led peace efforts. Nevertheless, the official added, Fayyad's departure will frustrate the administration, which relied on him and saw in him a responsible figure. [...]"


Israël

- Israel: 65 Years of Achievement (Vidéo 2mn09) - "Happy birthday to the State of Israel, which was born 65 years ago!"
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kB6AgwmJw5o&feature=player_embedded

- Yom Hazikaron : 25.578 morts tombés pour Israël (Guysen)
http://www.guysen.com/fil-infos/yom-hazikaron-25-578-morts-tombes-pour-israel/
   "Israël se recueillera à partir de dimanche soir 20h, heure à  laquelle la sonnerie retentira dans tout le pays pour commémorer le souvenir des 25.578 victimes tombées au combat ou cibles du terrorisme. Suivra par la suite la principale cérémonie sur le parvis du Kotel (Mur des lamentations), en présence du président Shimon Pérès. D’autres cérémonies sont prévues à travers tout le pays. Les forces de sécurité et la police seront déployées massivement pour éviter tout incident."
- Yom Hazikaron : la sirène retentit, figeant tout Israël (Guysen)
http://www.guysen.com/fil-infos/yom-hazikaron-la-sirene-retentit-figeant-tout-israel/
   "La sirène retentit actuellement [lundi] pour 2 minutes en Israël, figeant tout le pays qui se souvient des victimes des guerres et du terrorisme."

- Israël : la barre des 8 millions d’habitants est franchie (Guysen)
http://www.guysen.com/fil-infos/israel-la-barre-des-8-millions-dhabitants-est-franchie/
   "Selon les données du Bureau central de la statistique publiés à la veille de Yom Haatsmaout [Jour d'Indépendance], Israël compte 8, 018 millions d’habitants, dont 6 millions de juifs et 1.6 millions d’arabes."


Judée-Samarie

- Territoires disputés : un attentat avorté à un barrage (Guysen)
http://www.guysen.com/fil-infos/territoires-disputes-un-attentat-avorte-a-un-barrage/
   "Un Palestinien a été arrêté ce samedi matin au barrage d’Eliahou en Samarie (Territoires disputés) en possession d’une arme. Lors de son interrogatoire, il a avoué projeter un attentat sur place. Il avait d’autres munitions sur lui ainsi que des images du check-point. Il a été transféré aux services de sécurité pour complément d’enquête."


"Processus de paix"

- '57% support unilateral Israeli move to set borders' (JP) - "The majority of the Jewish Israeli public (61%) supports the two-state solution".
http://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/57-percent-support-unilateral-Israeli-move-to-set-borders-309752
   "A majority of the public (57 percent) believes Israel should make a unilateral move to determine its borders with the Palestinian territories, using the path of the existing separation wall as a guide, a poll conducted by Rafi Smith for non-partisan political movement Blue White Future released on Friday found. The majority of the Jewish Israeli public (61%) supports the two-state solution, the poll found. Twenty-three percent of the public, however, support a bi-national state, without giving Palestinians full civic rights, while 7% think Israel should give Palestinians full civic rights. Thirteen percent think the situation should remain as it is. [...] The poll was conducted among a sample of 500 Jewish adults in Israel in April. [...]"

- Three observations about the Israeli-Palestinian issue, Hannes Stein (German journalist and author) - un point de vue rafraichissant et détonant par rapport au consensus habituel.
http://www.achgut.com/dadgdx/index.php/dadgd/article/three_observations_about_the_israeli_palestinian_issue
   "This blog is known for being pro-Israel. In a way this is a shame because here I would like to propose three simple observations on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict which, I believe, could be shared by everyone around: friends of Israel, critics of Israel, friends of the Palestinians, critics of the Palestinians, fans of Meretz, fans of Gush Emunim, followers of El Fatah (if there still are any), perhaps even some of those who sympathize with Hamas – as long as they agree that those annoying little thingies called facts are not completely irrelevant. My three propositions are the following: 1) This is not a very interesting conflict. 2) There is no easy resolution to this conflict. 3) Peace, if it ever comes, will not come through reconciliation. Let me explain each point in turn.
    1) This is not a very interesting conflict.
    The most basic fact about the low-intensity conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, it seems to me, is that it is overreported. One can easily point to the reasons why should be so—the Jews-are-news-factor; then, Israel is a reporter’s paradize where everybody from top officials down is extremely talkative—AND you can be back from the battlefield at your hotel bar in time for cocktails.
    But overreported it undoubtedly is. Neither can the the Israeli-Palestinian conflict be called extremely bloody—just compare the Gaza campaign of 2008, with perhaps 740 civilians killed by the highest estimate, and the Sri Lankan Army Northern Offensive of the same year, with 7000 civilians killed by the lowest estimate.
Nor is it likely that this unimportant brawl in some dusty corner of this globe will lead to nuclear war anytime soon. Whereas nobody knows what the Korean roulette that Baby Kim is playing will eventually lead to; and remember, there still is the Cashmere crisis between India and Pakistan – totally unresolved—and the Pakistanis are driving nuclear warheads around their country in unarmoured vans.
    So I stand by my word: this is essentially a boring conflict. Actually, one of the best things that could happen to both Israelis and Palestinians would be if the world lost interest. If TV cameras went dark. If both sides were left to their own devices for a year or so.
    2) There is no easy resolution to this conflict.
    If there were some way the Israelis could go: one, two three, and then the Palestinians went: a, b, c – or vice versa: first the Palestinians go a,b,c and then the Israelis implement one, two and three – then this conflict would have been resolved a long time ago. So all those of you who come from the outside carrying heavy bags full of good advice: hold your breaths for a second. It is not easy. And please, why should it be? Why should it be easier then, say, the ethnic strife between Romanians and Hungarians after World War I? Or the conflict in South Tyrol which lasted for generations? Or the Kurdish issue which has been burning at least since the Kurds were promised a state in the Treaty of Sevres (1920), a promise which was broken in the Treaty of Lausanne three years later?
    This conflict will not be resolved in a day or a year. Maybe it will still be around a century from now. Maybe it will be around forever. "Real problems do not have a solution; they have a history" (Nicolas Gomez Davila). Patience, please! And, my dear European friends, both sides in this conflict don’t appreciate it one bit when you wag accusing fingers in their faces like some Victorian governess.
    3) Peace, if it ever comes, will not come through reconciliation.
Here I can only quote Amos Oz, a wonderful writer (and a real mensh) with whom I do not always agree. But he is absolutely on the money when he insists, "Make peace not love". And when he says that peace is made between enemies and must in the case of Israelis and Palestininans result in partition. I also happen to agree with Amos when he warns of sentimentality.
For this reason I view all projects where Arabs and Jews are united, be it in kindergartens or symphony orchestras, with weary and cynical eyes. OK, you can do that kind of thing if you have no more pressing issues. But this is not the long and windy road which might eventually lead to peace or even a extended armistice.
    Let me not mince words here: it is abso-fucking-lutely unimportant whether Israelis and Palestinians view each other with empathy. Whether they develop an understanding or whether they enjoy each other’s cooking. They don’t have to like the other side, not particularly, and they don’t have to learn to live with each other. All this is sentimental crap. This conflict does not belong to the kind where a slightly dysfunctional couple has to overcome certain marital didfficulties. This whole thing is about DIVORCE: How can the competing parties best be seperated? Who will get access to what and when? In short, how can Palestinians and Israelis best avoid each other? And what will happen to the party that is found in breach of the contract?
I am not saying this is how the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will be resolved. Perhaps (see above) it will never be. I’m only saying: should there be peace it will not come through Israeli and Palestinian teenagers fiddling happily side by side while Daniel Barenboim stands at the helm with his baton.
    I have not said a word here about the conflict between Israel and Iran. This belongs to an entirely different class. It is very serious, possibly deadly serious. Maybe this enmity can only be resolved through war (I hope not, but one can’t know). And although the leadership in Teheran claims otherwise: the clash with Iran has nothing to do with the Palestinian issue; nothing at all."


Syrie

- Raid aérien syrien contre un village kurde, 11 civils tués, Khaled Yacoub Oweis (Reuters) - "Ce raid aérien, qui a coûté la vie essentiellement à des femmes et à des enfants, est l'attaque la plus meurtrière menée par l'armée syrienne contre des Kurdes depuis le début du soulèvement contre le régime de Bachar al Assad en mars 2011".
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/raid-a%C3%A9rien-syrien-contre-un-village-kurde-11-055932151.html

- Despite Netanyahu's weekly warnings on Iran, Syria is more imminent danger, Aluf Benn (Haaretz) - "The IDF views Iran as a problem for the 'international community,' but worries that the Syrian Golan could became a new version of the Gaza Strip".
http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/despite-netanyahu-s-weekly-warnings-on-iran-syria-is-more-imminent-danger.premium-1.515547


Point de vue

- Snapshots: Personal Experiences in the Real Middle East, Barry Rubin (director of the Global Research in International Affairs (GLORIA) Center, editor of the Middle East Review of International Affairs (MERIA), and professor at the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) in Herzliya, Israel) - Un sympathique florilège.
http://rubinreports.blogspot.com.au/2013/04/snapshots-personal-experiences-of-real.html
   "These are all personal observations, selected from a much longer personal list:
    --The Palestinian Christian man is desperate. Can I help him get out of the country? He’s scared of the Islamists. Can I help him  get his son to university in America? The situation is intolerable. Something is worked out with a little help from me. [...]
    --The Israeli observer describes how he watched Egyptian soldiers beat the Sudanese refugees who try to get across the Sinai to Israel. He can hear the women screaming, perhaps they are being raped.
    --The United States and UN promises Israel to keep weapons from being smuggled to Hizballah into Lebanon and promises to keep Hizballah from returning to build military fortifications in southern Lebanon. They fail at both. Hizballah threatens them; mysterious gunmen attack or rob the soldiers. The UN forces commander praises Hizballah. Meanwhile, the promise to Israel is violated.
    --A young Israeli who has just left the army describes how his first job in the army was to register guns given to the Palestinian forces to maintain security and prevent terrorism. His last duty before leaving is capturing Palestinian terrorists and sometimes recognizing—by checking the serial numbers—the guns he helped issue to the Palestinian police a couple of years earlier. [...]
    --The American journalist is told by the Palestinian guide that some structures in Bethlehem are torture chambers put up for use by Israel’s army to question Palestinians.  On inspection, they turn out to be portable toilets.
    --The Lebanese leader tells a delegation that Israel should make concessions to the Palestinian Authority and then, off the record, he adds that he would never trust them himself.
    --The left-wing American peace activist lectures the Fatah man, who has told the American honestly that he wants to wipe out Israel and replace it with a Palestinian state, on how he must sound more moderate in order to gain Western support.
    --The Palestinian doctor tells a journalist that Yasir Arafat is in great health and after the journalist leaves admits to a colleague that Arafat is very ill. (This, of course, relates to the claims that Arafat suddenly died, thus trying to imply he was poisoned by Israel.) [...]
    --The future Palestinian Authority foreign minister who at dinner berates Yasir Arafat and Palestinian strategy as too radical, then the next day at the conference blames Israel exclusively for the failure to achieve peace. [...]
    --The Egyptian writers who (credibly) explain privately that they don’t have anything against Israel but must be militantly full of hate in public in order to protect themselves.
    --The top PLO leader who asserts that Israel has a secret map in its parliament claiming most of the Arab world. Then, when that claim is ridiculed, shrugs and smiles. Oh well, no harm in trying. [...]
    --The American college students who heckle a Palestinian moderate and tell him that he doesn’t really understand the Middle East and how evil Israel is.
    --The Western journalists covering Israel who privately admit to shocking anti-Jewish and anti-Israel prejudices in conversations or at parties.
    --The Western diplomats who do the same.
    --The editor of a major newspaper who changes the reporter's story because it said that Hanan Ashrawi voted not to change the PLO National Charter (which called for wiping Israel off the map). Since, the editor said, Ashrawi was a moderate she could not possibly have voted that way. How did the journalist know about the true story? The journalist was standing outside the hall in Gaza where the meeting was taking place and asked Ashrawi how she voted.
    --The Western activists who pretend to be moderate and supporters of a two-state solution who suddenly forget themselves and make it clear that only Israel’s total destruction would satisfy them. [...]
    These are all things that I’ve personally witnessed or known the person who did.  Unless one understands this reality one understands nothing. And having experienced these and many other things, I simply cannot go along with the clichés and falsehoods of the Western “expert” herd no matter how popular that would make me nor how profitable that may be."

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