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16 mars 2014 7 16 /03 /mars /2014 10:54
France

- Dieudonné a commencé à payer ses amendes (AFP)
http://www.lemonde.fr/societe/article/2014/03/14/dieudonne-a-commence-a-payer-ses-amendes_4383540_3224.html
   "Dieudonné a récemment commencé à régler des amendes auxquelles il a été condamné, et qu'il n'avait pas réglées pour certaines depuis des années. L'humoriste, habitué des prétoires, où il a été condamné notamment pour des propos antisémites, devait environ 65 000 euros d'amendes, selon les estimations de sources judiciaires. [...] Dieudonné a commencé à régler ces sommes alors que le ministère de l'économie avait la possibilité d'engager une procédure de contrainte judiciaire prévue par la loi et pouvant éventuellement aboutir à un emprisonnement. Le parquet de Chartres, compétent en raison de la domiciliation de Dieudonné dans l'Eure-et-Loir, a déclaré qu'« aucune procédure de contrainte n'est en cours à l'encontre » de l'humoriste."


Gaza & Hamas

- Nouveaux tirs de roquettes sur Israël à partir de Gaza (Reuters)
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/nouveaux-tirs-roquettes-sur-isra%C3%ABl-%C3%A0-partir-gaza-201940373.html
   "Quatre roquettes ont été tirées jeudi soir de la bande de Gaza sur le sud d'Israël, malgré l'annonce dans la journée d'un cessez-le-feu par le Djihad islamique. Personne n'a été blessé, a annoncé l'armée israélienne. [...]"
- Sporadic rocket fire from Gaza continues to hit South despite 'ceasefire' (JP) - "In total, 14 rockets fell on the western Negev as of midnight Thursday local time, according to Israel Radio".
http://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Sporadic-rocket-fire-continues-to-hit-South-despite-ceasefire-345324
- Israeli jets hit 7 targets in Gaza early Friday (Times of Israel) - "After new barrage of rockets hit western Negev, IAF strikes in both northern and southern Strip".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/israeli-jets-hit-7-targets-in-gaza-early-friday/
- Gaza truce appears to be holding amid rocket fire (Ynet) - "Despite a mortar rocket falling Friday morning, both the IDF and Gaza-based terror groups seem to be attempting to maintain peace after two days of violence".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4499096,00.html

- Trêve fragile à Gaza après la flambée de violences, Philippe Agret (AFP) - "Le Hamas n'a d'ailleurs pas pris directement part à la confrontation, ce qui a évité une escalade majeure avec l'armée israélienne".
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/tr%C3%AAve-fragile-%C3%A0-gaza-apr%C3%A8s-flamb%C3%A9e-violences-103820016.html
   "La trêve annoncée par les deux principales forces combattantes de Gaza, le Hamas et le Jihad islamique, semblait tenir vendredi, les tirs de roquettes contre Israël ayant pratiquement stoppé après une brève mais intense escalade de violences. [...] Ni Israël, ni le Jihad islamique, ni surtout le Hamas, considéré par Israël comme responsable de la sécurité à Gaza, n'avaient intérêt à se lancer dans une conflagration d'ampleur, selon les analystes.
    Le Hamas n'a d'ailleurs pas pris directement part à la confrontation, ce qui a évité une escalade majeure avec l'armée israélienne. Mais ce dernier, qui dirige depuis 2007 le territoire palestinien [...], a "révélé une nouvelle fois cette semaine les limites de son gouvernement à Gaza. Il est incapable d'apporter la sécurité économique à ses habitants. Ce n'est pas lui qui mène la lutte armée contre Israël et il est forcé de laisser le Jihad islamique et d'autres éléments extrémistes y avoir recours périodiquement", analyse le quotidien israélien Yediot Aharonot.
    En revanche, le Jihad islamique, groupe rival fortement armé qui gagne en puissance à Gaza, s'est efforcé d'imposer une nouvelle "ligne rouge" à Israël en faisant savoir qu'il répondrait systématiquement par des roquettes à chaque élimination de ses activistes, relève son analyste militaire Alex Fishman. "C'est une formule qui pourrait être soumise à un test très bientôt, peut-être même dès la semaine prochaine, et donc rien n'a vraiment pris fin", met en garde Alex Fishman.
    Pour le quotidien anglophone Jerusalem Post, une possibilité pour Israël serait désormais de former une alliance "informelle" avec l'Egypte, les Etats-Unis et le Fatah du président palestinien Mahmoud Abbas, adversaire déclaré du Hamas, pour tenter de renverser le gouvernement du mouvement islamiste à Gaza. "Une autre option (...) serait d'encourager le Hamas à se repositionner lui-même comme un parti politique légitime qui pourrait ensuite être inclu dans un accord de paix plus large avec Israël et le Fatah", plaide le Jerusalem Post."

- Israël-Palestine : le Djihad islamique, enfant terrible de Gaza, Armin Arefi (Le Point.fr) - "Bien plus petit que le Hamas, le Djihad islamique est beaucoup plus agressif que lui".
http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/israel-palestine-le-jihad-islamique-enfant-terrible-de-gaza-14-03-2014-1801198_24.php
   "On ne parle que de lui. Tirs de roquettes sur Israël ou cargaison d'armes en provenance de l'Iran, le Djihad islamique s'impose peu à peu comme le principal rival armé du Hamas, au pouvoir à Gaza depuis 2007. Première organisation palestinienne à avoir allié la lutte nationaliste et l'islamisation de Gaza à la fin des années 1970 (le Hamas n'a rallié la cause nationaliste qu'à partir de la première Intifada, en 1988, NDLR), le Djihad islamique ne participe pas pour autant à la vie politique gazaouie.
    Minoritaire et moins implanté que le Hamas, il concentre toute son énergie sur la lutte armée. "Opposé à toute négociation avec Israël, ce mouvement, empreint d'une logique révolutionnaire, est aujourd'hui le bras de Téhéran à Gaza", assure David Rigoulet-Roze, chercheur de l'Institut français d'analyse stratégique (Ifas). En témoigne la très médiatique interception par Israël, la semaine dernière, d'une importante cargaison d'armes iraniennes qui, d'après Tsahal, lui étaient destinées.
    Et le mouvement a failli provoquer mercredi une crise d'une tout autre ampleur. En moins de 24 heures, le Djihad islamique a tiré pas moins d'une soixantaine de roquettes contre le sud de l'État hébreu, soit davantage que le bilan cumulé depuis le début de l'année, forçant des milliers de civils israéliens à se réfugier dans les abris. "Bien plus petit que le Hamas, le Djihad islamique est beaucoup plus agressif que lui", souligne Ely Karmon, chercheur en problématique stratégique et en contre-terrorisme au centre interdisciplinaire de Herzliya (Israël). En représailles, l'aviation israélienne a mené mercredi soir une trentaine de raids contre les positions des Brigades Al-Qods, la branche armée du Djihad islamique, mais aussi contre celles des Brigades Ezzedine al-Qassam, les forces du Hamas.
    Si un calme relatif est revenu jeudi au Proche-Orient, les raisons d'un tel embrasement restent confuses, d'autant que les deux camps étaient engagés dans une trêve qui fonctionnait depuis novembre 2012 et la fin de l'opération israélienne Pilier de défense contre Gaza. À en croire le porte-parole du Djihad islamique, Daoud Chihab, c'est Israël qui aurait violé l'accord en abattant mardi trois de ses combattants après un raid aérien dans la bande de Gaza. Or, ces derniers auraient tout d'abord tiré au mortier sur des troupes israéliennes positionnées à la frontière. [...]
    Tout d'abord fermement engagé dans la lutte armée contre l'État hébreu, le Hamas a changé de stratégie après la dévastatrice opération israélienne Plomb durci fin 2008. Conscient de son infériorité militaire, le mouvement islamiste a alors conclu un accord tacite au coeur de Gaza. Les autres factions palestiniennes armées - le Djihad islamique, le Front populaire de libération de la Palestine (FPLP), les Comités de résistance populaire - ont été sommées de mettre fin à leurs tirs de roquettes sur Israël, à moins d'avoir été prises pour cible en premier. Pour vérifier son application, le Hamas met en place à la frontière une police locale anti-roquette. [...]
    Les agissements de la police anti-roquette du Hamas révulsent bientôt de nombreux militants, furieux de se retrouver à réprimer leurs frères palestiniens au lieu de combattre Israël. Ils sont ainsi de plus en plus nombreux à quitter le Hamas, au profit de groupes plus petits, mais plus radicaux et imprévisibles. Parmi eux, le Djihad islamique et ses Brigades Al-Qods occupent une place de choix. Composées de plusieurs centaines de combattants, elles se démarquent du Hamas par leur pouvoir de nuisance, grâce à un financement assuré par l'Iran.
    Car, depuis 2012 et le soutien du Hamas à la révolution syrienne, le mouvement islamiste s'est brouillé avec ses principaux bailleurs de fonds : Damas et Téhéran. L'organisation palestinienne avait tout d'abord cru pouvoir se reposer sur les Frères musulmans égyptiens, qui sont arrivés au pouvoir au Caire à la faveur du Printemps arabe. Mais le renversement des islamistes égyptiens par l'armée, suivi d'une politique d'éradication des Frères musulmans, a sonné le glas des nouvelles ambitions du Hamas. Désormais, l'Égypte du général Abdel Fattah al-Sissi impose elle aussi un blocus extrêmement sévère à Gaza, dont elle a pris soin d'inonder la plupart des tunnels de contrebande. Considérablement affaibli sur le plan tant politique qu'économique, le Hamas, qui n'a pas pour autant coupé tous ses liens avec l'Iran, semble aujourd'hui plus qu'embarrassé par le regain de tension à Gaza. [...]
    Un récent rapport publié par les chefs de mission de l'Union européenne à Jérusalem-Est et à Ramallah souligne que "le Djihad islamique en Palestine continue à représenter la menace interne la plus puissante pour le Hamas, à la fois politiquement et militairement". Une conclusion que tempère le spécialiste Jean-Paul Chagnollaud. "Le Djihad islamique n'est pas ancré politiquement à Gaza et ne veut pas s'engager en politique", souligne-t-il. "En revanche, sa posture d'organisation qui résiste à Israël lui apporte un regain de popularité, et sa force de frappe lui permet d'avoir une influence certaine sur les événements" dans la région.
    Une situation qui rappelle curieusement l'opposition entre le Fatah et le Hamas à la fin des années 1990. À la différence du parti laïque dirigeant l'Autorité palestinienne qui a renoncé à la lutte armée, le mouvement islamiste n'a jamais officiellement reconnu les accords d'Oslo, signés en 1993, qui devaient aboutir à la création d'un État palestinien. Ainsi, l'échec politique du Fatah, couplé à la posture révolutionnaire du Hamas, a considérablement gonflé la popularité des islamistes, jusqu'à ce qu'ils remportent les législatives de 2006 avant de s'emparer l'année suivante du pouvoir par la force à Gaza."

- Gaza front: Civilians reliving the horror in Sderot and Ashkelon (JP) - "The routine of frequent school closures and warnings from the Home Front Command to stay near bomb shelters had all but disappeared after well over a year of quiet following Operation Pillar of Defense".
http://www.jpost.com/National-News/Gaza-front-Civilians-Reliving-the-horror-in-Sderot-and-Ashkelon-345369
- Residents refuse to let rocket rain on their Purim festivities (Ynet) - "School children turn out en mass for purim celebration, despite fears of rocket fire from Gaza. 'Purim has helped us forget the sirens,' residents say".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4499061,00.html

- Abbas calls Israeli defense against Gaza rocket attacks ‘Cold blooded murder’, Rob Miller (Blog Times of Israel)
http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/abbas-calls-israeli-defense-against-gaza-rocket-attacks-cold-blooded-murder/
   "Yesterday, when British PM David Cameron met with Israeli leader Benyamin Netanyahu in the midst of massive rocket and mortar attacks from Gaza by Hamas and Islamic Jihad, Cameron condemned the attacks as ‘barbaric’, saying that “these attacks are completely indiscriminate, aimed at civilian populations and that is a demonstration of how barbaric they are.”
    To which Netanyahu replied, “You are going to visit President Abbas shortly, He has not condemned the firing of rockets on our citizens. How can you not condemn the firing of rockets on innocent civilians? He did, however, condemn Israel for responding and shooting three terrorists who fired mortars at us. That he did condemn.”
    Today, after meeting with Cameron, Palestine’s unelected dictator was obviously prodded to say something. And he did. He condemned ‘all military escalation, including rockets’ to make sure that Israel’s self defense against his Hamas friends was included in the ‘condemnation’. And then he went on to rant about how Israel killing three members of that Islamic Jihad mortar team firing rounds into Israel was ‘cold blooded murder’, repeating his earlier nonsense. Cameron, of course, has absolutely nothing to say about that, at least publicly. But this should be a teachable moment for him [...]"

- Gaza's sole power plant shuts down due to fuel shortage (Reuters)
http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Gazas-sole-power-plant-shuts-down-due-to-fuel-shortage-345442
   "The Gaza Strip's sole power station stopped generating electricity on Saturday, causing blackouts throughout the territory after it ran out of fuel, officials said. The power plant is one of the main sources of electricity for Gaza's 1.8 million people and without it, daily blackouts of around 12 hours are expected. Electricity is also received directly from Israel and Egypt. [...] The Gaza Strip is run by the Islamist group Hamas, which is sworn to Israel's destruction and the two sides have no direct dealings.
    Last time there were blackouts, Qatar gave funds to Hamas's West Bank-based rival, President Mahmoud Abbas's Palestinian Authority, which then ordered fuel for the enclave from Israel. Gaza's energy authority said on March 12 that Qatar had agreed to extend its funding of fuel for three more months. For the arrangement to work again, Israel would have to open its commercial crossing on the border with Gaza, which it closed after violence erupted along the frontier this week. "The closure of the crossing by the Israeli occupation is an act of collective punishment," Amrain said."
- Israel-Gaza border crossing reopens Sunday (Times of Israel) - "After closure in wake of missile barrage, fuel once again moving through Kerem Shalom to power-starved Gaza".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-gaza-border-crossing-reopens-sunday/

- Hamas in worst cash crisis since seizing Gaza (AP) - "Support in Hamas drops to 29% and there is a ripple of speculation the Islamic militant movement might be driven from power".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4498977,00.html


Liban, Syrie & Hezbollah

- Israël tire des obus sur le sud Liban (AFP) - "après une attaque visant des soldats israéliens dans ce même secteur frontalier".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/03/14/97001-20140314FILWWW00344-israel-tire-des-obus-sur-le-sud-liban.php
   "Des obus ont été tirés ce soir en provenance d'Israël sur le sud du Liban, près de la frontière, a indiqué une source de sécurité libanaise, après une attaque visant des soldats israéliens dans ce même secteur frontalier, selon la radio israélienne. La source libanaise a indiqué que "10 tirs d'obus" avaient visé une zone inhabitée proche de la frontière "sans causer de victimes". Dans le même temps, la radio israélienne a indiqué que "l'artillerie israélienne a tiré vers le sud du Liban en représailles à l'explosion d'un engin dissimulé contre une patrouille"."
- Des obus tirés sur le sud Liban, Israël dit avoir visé le Hezbollah (AFP)
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/obus-isra%C3%A9liens-tir%C3%A9s-sud-liban-hezbollah-vis%C3%A9-selon-190108014.html
   "[...] L'armée israélienne a indiqué de son côté dans un communiqué qu'elle avait, "en riposte à l'engin explosif activé contre des soldats de Tsahal (l'armée israélienne, ndlr) tiré sur une infrastructure terroriste du Hezbollah au sud du Liban, touchant son but". Selon le porte-parole de l'armée israélienne, Peter Lerner, l'engin a été activé contre un véhicule blindé transportant trois soldats "à la frontière israélo-libanaise, à proximité de Har Dov (désignation israélienne des fermes de Chebaa)", un village libanais aux confins du Liban, de la Syrie et d'Israël. Le véhicule a été endommagé mais l'explosion de la bombe n'a pas fait de blessé.
   "Il s'agit d'une grave attaque qui pourrait menacer la stabilité de la frontière nord d'Israël (...) Il s'agit de la plus grave violation de la frontière à laquelle nous avons assisté récemment", a-t-il ajouté. "L'armée a répondu en tirant sur des positions du Hezbollah et d'autres positions suspectes (...) le long de la frontière", a poursuivi le lieutenant-colonel Peter Lerner. Il s'agit du deuxième incident de ce genre depuis le début du mois. Le 5 mars, l'armée israélienne avait indiqué avoir tiré sur deux membres du Hezbollah et les avoir touchés alors qu'ils plaçaient un engin explosif près de la frontière. [...]"
- Hezbollah's thirst for revenge will not end, Ron Ben-Yishai (Ynet) - "Recent explosive targeted at IDF soldiers is part of ongoing revenge for attacking of Hezbollah-bound weapons convoy. The system: An eye for an eye against military targets only".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4499225,00.html
- Analysis: Hezbollah, Assad taking gloves off in fight against Israel, Amos Harel (Haaretz) - "Previous incidents on the border were attributed to extreme Sunni organizations. This time, the IDF is pointing the finger at their rival, Hezbollah".
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.579941

- Lebanese gov't agrees to new policy allowing citizens to 'resist' Israel (Reuters) - "Move reflects compromise between Sunni gov't, Shi'te Hezbollah fighters showing gov't support for Hezbollah to step up warfare, use weapons arsenal against Israel".
http://www.jpost.com/Defense/Lebanese-govt-agrees-to-new-policy-allowing-citizens-to-resist-Israel-345415
- Lebanon says its citizens have right to ‘resist Israel’ (Times of Israel) - "It effectively recognized the right of Hezbollah – an independent group outside of the official state military – to oppose Israel militarily, although it did so in an indirect manner".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/lebanon-says-its-citizens-have-right-to-resist-israel/

- Assad is starving Palestinians to death in a Syrian camp, and nobody cares, Avi Issacharoff (Times of Israel) - "Close to 150,000 people lived there in crowded conditions. But since the summer, the regime has carried out a cruel siege on the camp’s residents after Hamas members there took an active part in fighting the Syrian army. Now there are only 20,000 residents left in the camp. The siege arouses no international indignation, in stark contrast to reactions to the nonexistent siege around the Gaza Strip".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/three-years-of-civil-war-in-syria-no-end-in-sight/

- Syrie : 146.000 morts depuis le début du conflit (Reuters) - "dont environ 50.000 civils".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/03/13/97001-20140313FILWWW00367-syrie-146000-morts-depuis-le-debut-du-conflit.php


Jordanie

- Jordanie : manifestations contre le traité de paix avec Israël (AFP) - "La chambre basse du Parlement jordanien, révoltée par la mort du juge, a demandé mercredi au gouvernement de libérer un soldat jordanien qui avait tué sept fillettes israéliennes en 1997".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/03/14/97001-20140314FILWWW00232-jordanie-ils-veulent-annuler-un-traite-de-paix.php
   "Un millier de personnes ont manifesté aujourd'hui à Amman pour dénoncer la mort d'un juge jordanien tué par des soldats israéliens lundi et demander l'annulation du traité de paix signé en 1994 entre Israël et la Jordanie.
    Des groupes islamistes d'opposition, des organisations de jeunesse et des militants nationalistes et de gauche ont pris part à la manifestation qui a démarré après la prière hebdomadaire du aujourd'hui non loin de l'ambassade israélienne dans le quartier de Radia à Amman. Arborant des drapeaux jordaniens, les manifestants se sont réunis sous la surveillance d'un important dispositif de sécurité, réclamant "l'annulation du traité de paix", "la fermeture de l'ambassade de l'entité sioniste" ainsi que "le départ de l'ambassadeur (israélien) au nom du sang du martyr" Raed Zeiter. [...] "Zeiter, tu es un martyr et nos dirigeants sont des esclaves. Nous ne t'oublierons pas", ont scandé les manifestants, qui ont été empêchés par la police de s'approcher de l'ambassade israélienne.
    La chambre basse du Parlement jordanien, révoltée par la mort du juge, a demandé mercredi au gouvernement de libérer un soldat jordanien qui avait tué sept fillettes israéliennes en 1997. Les parlementaires ont également réclamé l'expulsion de l'ambassadeur israélien à Amman et le rappel de leur ambassadeur en Israël. Ils ont donné au gouvernement jusqu'à mardi pour accepter leurs demandes, faute de quoi ils menacent de voter une motion de défiance contre le Premier ministre Abdallah Nsour.
    Malgré des "regrets" publics israéliens, M. Nsour a attribué mardi au gouvernement israélien "l'entière" responsabilité de ce "crime hideux". Le royaume hachémite, deuxième pays arabe après l'Egypte à avoir signé un traité de paix avec l'Etat hébreu, est le gardien des lieux saints musulmans de Jérusalem."


"Processus de paix"

- Left-wing Palestinian factions to Abbas: Declare failure of peace talks (Ynet) - "Factions urge Abbas to turn to the UN for state recognition instead, saying accepting Kerry's framework 'is like committing suicide'."
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4499375,00.html
   "Four left-wing Palestinian factions have called on Palestinian Authority President Mahmouad Abbas to declare the failure of peace talks with Israel, Chinese news agency Xinhua reported on Saturday. A joint communiqué from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the Democratic Front to Liberate Palestine, the Peoples' Party and the Palestinian National Initiative Party urged Abbas to abandon the US-mediated negotiations and apply to the United Nations for state recognition instead. "Accepting (US Secretary of State John) Kerry's plan to sign the framework peace deal is like committing suicide, and this plan has many dangerous consequences on the Palestinian cause and our people's legitimate rights," the factions wrote.
    The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine is the second largest member of the PLO (after Fatah) and is defined as a terrorist organization by the US, Canada, the EU and Israel. The Democratic Front to Liberate Palestine is the third largest member of the PLO, and while it perpetrated terrorist attacks in the past, it has been dropped from the US terrorist list in 1999 due to lack of activity in the two years prior to the decision. The four factions announced their intention to hold rallies and protests calling for the protection of the "stable and unchangeable rights of the Palestinians." [...]"
- Négociations : les Palestiniens considèrent Abbas comme un traître, Linah Alsaafin (diplômée de l’université de Birzeit en Cisjordanie) - "La vision du président Mahmoud Abbas d’un État palestinien démilitarisé et dépourvu de souveraineté en dehors de ses frontières est considérée comme une concession humiliante par bon nombre de Palestiniens".
http://www.info-palestine.net/spip.php?article14446

- Report: Abbas to tell Obama, ‘No Jewish state recognition’ (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/report-abbas-to-tell-obama-no-jewish-state-recognition/
   "Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas will reportedly tell President Barack Obama on Monday that he rejects the Israeli demand to officially acknowledge Israel as a Jewish state, Palestinian officials said on Sunday. According to Haaretz, the White House meeting between the two men will focus on outlining the borders of a future Palestinian state. [...]"

- Palestinians must recognize Jewish state, Labor chief says (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/palestinians-must-recognize-jewish-state-labor-chief-says/
   "Labor Party leader Isaac Herzog on Saturday said the Palestinians will have to recognize Israel as a Jewish state as part of a final peace agreement. Herzog, who also serves as Knesset opposition chief, didn’t go as far as Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in demanding that the Palestinian Authority recognize Israel’s Jewish character as a central condition. [...]"

- Ya’alon: Abbas is not a partner for a peace deal (JP) - "He is not a partner for a permanent-status agreement in which at the end there is recognition of the State of Israel as the national homeland of the Jewish people".
http://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Yaalon-Abbas-is-not-a-partner-for-a-peace-deal-345462
   "Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas is not a partner with whom Israel can reach the type of peace deal that would end the conflict, Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon said on Saturday night. “Abu Mazen [Abbas] is a partner that takes but doesn’t give. He is not a partner for a permanent-status agreement in which at the end there is recognition of the State of Israel as the national homeland of the Jewish people,” he told Channel 2. [...]
    Ya’alon said that Abbas has persistently refused to recognize Israel as a Jewish state, and it is this refusal that makes it impossible to arrive at a final-peace deal. “If it’s not a problem, why can’t Abbas say it?,” Ya’alon said. If Abbas can’t say this, “then there won’t be an agreement.” Ya’alon said that he agreed with Netanyahu on this score.
    The defense minister said that initially he had supported the 1993 Oslo Accord and today as well, he believes that human life is more important than land. But, Ya’alon said, he withdrew his support of Oslo and changed his attitude toward the peace process when he understood that land could not be traded for peace in this conflict because the battle was larger than just Judea and Samaria. “This is a conflict about all of Palestine, all of the Land of Israel,” he said.
   “They [the Palestinians] don’t recognize our right to exist here. That is why they will not recognize Israel as a Jewish state. This is the decisive position of the prime minister. We won’t be able to reach an agreement with the Palestinians without [their] recognition [of Israel] as a Jewish state,” Ya’alon said. The young generation of Palestinians is still being taught to eliminate Israel, he said.
    Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip and all that happened is that Hamas took over, Ya’alon said. If Israel left Judea and Samaria, “Hamas would rule the area and Abbas would become irrelevant,” Ya’alon warned. Abbas only has the power to rule in the West Bank because he has Israel’s support, he said. [...]"

- Abbas and 'right of return' will defeat Kerry, Elliott Abrams (senior fellow for Middle East Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations) - "Abbas' maneuver here, as we approach the Kerry deadline in April, makes a genuine peace agreement unrealistic and in fact impossible".
http://www.israelhayom.com/site/newsletter_opinion.php?id=7687
   "When the negotiations led by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry fail to achieve an Israeli-Palestinian peace, many observers in Europe and even some in the United States will attribute the disappointment to Israel and especially to "Israel's right-wing government" under Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
    One can reach that conclusion only by ignoring many statements being made and positions being taken by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas. The most recent remarks were made to young Fatah activists on March 6 and available at the Middle East Media Research Institute web site. Abbas' subject was the "refugee" issue and the "right of return." Here is an excerpt of what he said:
   "Every Palestinian, from Canada to Japan -- that includes the Palestinians living abroad as well -- will have to agree on the proposal. They will vote in favor or against. If they say 'no,' the proposal will not pass. ... The right of return is a personal right. If you are a refugee, your son is a refugee as well. Perhaps you will decide to relinquish this right while your son decides not to, or vice versa. Your son is free to do so. When we say that this is a personal choice, it means that he can decide for himself. We will all be making a choice: One option is to remain where we are -- in Jordan, in Syria, in Lebanon, and so on -- and receive compensation. ... Of course. ... The second option is to go to another country, as part of an agreement. If someone wants to emigrate to Canada, he is free to do so. Wherever one goes, one remains a Palestinian. In this case, he will receive compensation as well. The third option is to decide to return to the Palestinian state, and to receive compensation. He can also decide to return to the State of Israel. In such a case, he will receive compensation and return. ... All the refugees who number 5 million today, along with their offspring, are considered 1948 refugees. There are no refugees who came from Nablus or Ramallah. They are all from Tiberias, Safed, Acre, Nazareth, Jaffa, Beersheba, and so on."
    This is a remarkable statement and it pretty much kills the chances for a peace deal. Here's why:
    In any real negotiation, Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization will need to make compromises and it's obvious that the PLO will have to abandon the idea that 5 million Palestinians have the right to move to Israel. No Israeli government will ever sign a deal that would leave Israel a majority Arab country. As then-U.S. President George W. Bush put it in 2004, "It seems clear that an agreed, just, fair, and realistic framework for a solution to the Palestinian refugee issue as part of any final status agreement will need to be found through the establishment of a Palestinian state, and the settling of Palestinian refugees there, rather than in Israel." By making the "right of return" a personal right for each Palestinian, Abbas is saying the PLO has no right to negotiate over it and no right to sign a agreement that defeats or even limits that "right." If that's really the PLO position, there will never be an agreement.
    Second, if Abbas doesn't really mean it, he is narrowing his own negotiating room to near zero and obviously not preparing his own people for the compromises peace will entail.
    Third, his definition of "refugee" is as broad as it could possibly be. According to Abbas, a Palestinian who left Israel in 1948 or 1967 has the right to move to Israel or to decline, but his "no" does not even bind his own foreign-born children. His son, and presumably grandson, who have never set foot in Israel and may well have citizenship in (for example) Canada have their own separate rights to move to Israel. Five million separate choices, says Abbas.
    Fourth, Abbas has every one of those people receiving compensation. Those who move to Palestine get compensation; those who "return" to Israel get compensation; those who move to Canada or stay in Canada get compensation, and so on. So, the young man or woman born in Jordan or Canada and having full citizenship there, and staying there, gets compensation. It's a nice fantasy for a politician to describe -- every Palestinian takes part in this bonanza -- but it is just that: a fantasy. Once again, it has nothing to do with actually making the choices peace will require nor with preparing Palestinians for the real future.
    Finally, there's nothing wrong with having a referendum on a major national choice. The Swiss do it all the time, the U.K. may hold one on the EU, the Scots will have one on staying in the U.K., and the Palestinians and Israelis may have referenda on any peace deal. The question is who gets to vote, and Abbas wants not only those living in the West Bank and Gaza and eligible to vote in Palestinian Authority elections to have that right, but "every Palestinian, from Canada to Japan." He says there are 5 million refugees. When he was elected president in 2005, there were 800,000 voters and that was considered a two-thirds turnout, suggesting 1.2 million eligible voters. That means nearly 4 million Palestinians not living in the West Bank or Gaza would be eligible, according to Abbas, or perhaps a smaller number when people too young to vote are subtracted -- but still several times more than the voters living in what will become Palestine.
    It is obvious that a peace deal of remarkable balance and generosity in many and varied ways, but not granting the "right of return" that Abbas says belongs to every single Palestinian "refugee," might well be rejected by Palestinians now in Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria. They have just been told, now in 2014 in the middle of peace negotiations, that Abbas will get them the right to move to Israel, and also been told that everyone will be getting compensation. If the final deal does not give them the ability to move to Israel, or they don't think the compensation is adequate, they may well vote no.
    So Abbas' maneuver here, as we approach the Kerry deadline in April, makes a genuine peace agreement unrealistic and in fact impossible. The terms he has just set forth will never be met. Rather than preparing for peace, he is not only making it impossible for himself to sign a deal, but also setting out terms that will make it impossible for his successors to sign a deal."


Iran

- U.S. knows Iran is lying, but choses diplomacy over force, Amos Harel (Haaretz) - "Israel views Washington’s reluctance to confront Iran as weakness, but not even the seized Iranian-supplied rockets will change Obama's mind".
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.579881


Monde

- Boycotting Israeli products? There's an app for that (Ynet) - "BDS movement set to launch a smartphone app that would enable boycotters to search for a company's ties to Israel".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4498997,00.html

- Israelis don’t care that we hate them. But they’d like to know why, Brendan O'Neill (The Spectator) - "Last year, a BBC World Service global survey found that Israel was the fourth most ‘negatively viewed’ nation in the world, after Iran, Pakistan and North Korea"; "Israel is a rogue state for the right-on. It’s the state that it’s super hip to hate. But why?"
http://www.spectator.co.uk/features/9157741/israelis-dont-care-that-we-hate-them-but-theyd-like-to-know-why/
   "Talking to Israelis feels a bit like talking to fans of Millwall FC. ‘No one likes us, we don’t care,’ sing Millwall fans. Israel is the undoubted Millwall of global affairs, loathed by almost every Westerner who considers himself decent and they’ve adopted a similar cri de coeur. ‘Europe doesn’t like us. Americans do not like us. We can live with this,’ says a kippah-wearing guy at the Western Wall. He sums up a sentiment I hear across this country.
    If you were in Iran or North Korea, long-time chart-toppers in the international community’s gallery of rogue states, you wouldn’t bat an eyelid when a citizen expressed disgruntlement with the wicked West. But Israel? This tiny nation was for so long the West’s best bud in the Middle East; a bright democratic outpost in an otherwise autocratic desert. To hear Israelis speak ill of the West, to see them raise their eyes to the heavens at every mention of the United Nations or the European Union, feels weird.
    Everywhere I go, people wonder out loud why the West, especially Europe’s chattering classes, hates them so. Israel is being treated like a ‘pariah state’, says Uri Dromi, executive director of the Jerusalem Press Club and former spokesman for the Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres governments. ‘Europe doesn’t like us,’ he says, and now I’ve lost count of the number of times I’ve heard that said. [...]
    At the Northern Command of the Israel Defence Force, a commander who oversees Israel’s borders with Syria and Lebanon puffs audibly, and a little sadly, whenever the UN is mentioned. He tells me Israel has taken 800 injured Syrians over its borders over the past couple of years, treated them in its hospitals, and then sent them back to Syria with medication erased of all Hebrew branding, lest a jihadist see it and go mental. But he says all this with forlorn look that says: ‘I know you’re not going to report this. You people never do.’
    A senior Israeli official agrees about our anti-Semitism. Over lunch in Tel Aviv he says that too many Westerners now hold the Jewish state to a standard they apply to no one else. ‘It’s bigotry, nothing else.’ And increasingly, it isn’t only trendy leftists with Arafat posters in their bedrooms and keffiyehs around their necks who talk up boycotts against Israel. The US Secretary of State John Kerry has warned of ‘boycotts and other kinds of things’ if Israel doesn’t engage with his new peace talks openly. He now stands accused of blackmail here in Israel, even of unwittingly aiding anti-Semitism.
    No doubt those who have an issue with the Jews will put all this pariah talk down to paranoia. After all, Israel is still funded by the US to the tune of $3 billion a year, and it enjoys diplomatic relations with all western governments. Yet those outward continuities in the official western relationship with Israel disguise some huge shifts in western sentiment.
    Last year, a BBC World Service global survey found that Israel was the fourth most ‘negatively viewed’ nation in the world, after Iran, Pakistan and North Korea. In only one western country — America — did a majority express favourable views of Israel, and even there it was only 51 per cent; so much for the US being in the back pocket of some creepy Israel lobby. Out of EU nations, Britain was found to have the most unfavourable view: 72 per cent of Brits surveyed felt negatively about Israel, more than in that hotbed of populist anti-Zionism, France (63 per cent), and way more than in the country in which so much of the Holocaust was carried out, Poland (44 per cent).
    Israel is a rogue state for the right-on. It’s the state that it’s super hip to hate. But why? Israel-bashers will say, ‘Duh, it’s because of its crazy military antics,’ but that doesn’t add up. Israel’s militarism today is of a far smaller order than it was during the Six-Day War of 1967, and back then most Westerners, including radical leftists, supported the Zionist project.
    The most interesting explanation I hear for Israel’s unpopularity among latte-sippers  comes from Richard Pater, a political analyst from Radlett who has lived in Israel for the past 15 years. (Israel has loads of Jews from boring bits of Britain who have taken the quite wise decision to act on their right to migrate to this far warmer, more exotic part of the world.) ‘The lesson many in the West took from the Holocaust is that nationalism is bad; the message Jews took from it is that nationalism is necessary.’
    This cuts to the heart of today’s fashionable disdain for little Israel. What many Westerners seem to find most nauseating is that Israel is cocky, confident and committed to preserving its national sovereign rights against all-comers. In short, it’s a lot like we used to be before relativism and anti-modernism. I think that Israel reminds us of our older selves, our pre-EU, pre-green days, when we, too, believed in borders, sovereignty, progress, growth.
    Now that it’s de rigueur in the right-thinking sections of western society to be post–nationalist and multicultural, to be fashionably uncertain about one’s national identity, the sight of a border-fortifying state offends and outrages us. In the words of George Gilder, author of The Israel Test, Israel is now hated more for its virtues than for its political or militaristic vices. It’s hated for remaining devoted to ‘freedom and capitalism’ when we’re all supposed to be snooty about such things.
    If Israel is unofficially being made into a pariah state, it isn’t because of its foreignness, or even necessarily its Jewishness, but rather because it is too western for our liking. We loathe it because we loathe ourselves."

- Newly published 'diary’ shows blatant anti-Semitism in ideas of philosopher Martin Heidegger (Haaretz) - "Passages leaked from German philosopher's 'black notebooks' display new dimensions of Heidegger's anti-Semitic thought".
http://www.haaretz.com/jewish-world/jewish-world-news/.premium-1.580039

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