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20 novembre 2014 4 20 /11 /novembre /2014 11:59
Attentat terroriste à Jérusalem

- A Jérusalem-Est, la logique infernale du talion, Piotr Smolar (Le Monde) - le père d'un des terroristes : « Grâce à Dieu, mon fils s’est sacrifié. Il s’est sacrifié pour la mosquée Al-Aqsa, où les Israéliens veulent nous empêcher de prier. C’est le lieu le plus sacré qui soit pour tout musulman. C’est être, ou ne pas être. »
http://www.lemonde.fr/proche-orient/article/2014/11/19/a-jerusalem-est-la-logique-infernale-du-talion_4525770_3218.html
   "Abed Abou Jamal entre dans la chambre de son fils. Il s’agenouille devant le canapé et le lit renversés, les papiers éparpillés, l’écran de télévision jeté au sol. Puis il s’assoit sur un fauteuil, laissé intact par les policiers israéliens. Abed Abou Jamal prie en la mémoire d’Oudaï, 21 ans. Sans une pensée ni un mot de compassion pour les quatre rabbins et le policier druze que celui-ci a tué, mardi à l’aube, avec son cousin Ghassan, dans une synagogue du quartier ultraorthodoxe de Har Nof, à l’autre bout de Jérusalem. « Grâce à Dieu, mon fils s’est sacrifié. Il s’est sacrifié pour la mosquée Al-Aqsa, où les Israéliens veulent nous empêcher de prier. C’est le lieu le plus sacré qui soit pour tout musulman. C’est être, ou ne pas être. »
    Des « animaux humains », a lâché dans la soirée le premier ministre israélien, Benyamin Nétanyahou, pour qualifier les deux terroristes palestiniens. Il avait utilisé la même expression le 30 juin, au sujet des assassins de trois adolescents juifs, enlevés trois semaines plus tôt en Cisjordanie. Les médias, de leur côté, s’interrogeaient mardi sur une affiliation des deux hommes à un groupe islamiste, pour trouver un semblant de logique, une chaîne de commandement dans ce massacre. La pulsion individuelle est une hypothèse vertigineuse, qui invite au mimétisme. Oudaï, agent de nettoyage, et Ghassan, employé dans une épicerie de Har Nof et père de deux enfants, ont tué par balles et avec un couteau de boucher de simples croyants juifs en train de prier. Trois avaient la double nationalité israélo-américaine, le dernier était israélo-britannique. Les funérailles ont été chargées d’émotion. [...]
    Rafat Abou Jamal, 34 ans, est venu lui aussi malgré la fatigue. Il est chauffeur de taxi la nuit. Un métier stressant : par deux fois, des juifs ont tenté de le tabasser. Il n’avait pas vu ses cousins depuis un moment, en raison de son travail nocturne. Mais il assure qu’ils ne pouvaient être affiliés à un groupe quelconque. « Ils ont réagi de façon individuelle, normale. Les Israéliens nous mettent sous pression, alors on finit par exploser. La façon dont on nous traite, les tabassages, les arrestations, tout cela est humiliant. » Mais de l’humiliation à l’assassinat, n’y a-t-il pas un gouffre ? « Les juifs aussi tuent des innocents. Seuls les musulmans ne pourraient pas le faire ? », interroge-t-il en retour.
    Ce discours inaudible, tenu par les proches des deux terroristes, est celui de la légitime défense. La loi du talion passe au pilon tout sens moral. Les précédents, réels ou exagérés, justifient tout. Les réseaux sociaux, traversés par la haine et la paranoïa, en sont la chambre d’écho. Les proches citent les crimes commis contre des Palestiniens par des juifs, mais évoquent surtout le sort de la mosquée Al-Aqsa, que le gouvernement israélien voudrait placer sous sa coupe. Des « fables », a répété M.Nétanyahou mardi. Ils citent les violences policières, les interdictions répétées d’y prier. « La seule façon pour les jeunes d’exprimer leur colère est d’utiliser ce qu’ils ont entre les mains », résume Abousallah Abou Jamal, oncle d’Oudaï. Une voiture, transformée en bélier. Un couteau. Un pistolet, à la provenance inconnue. Et que penser du président Abbas, qui dénonce l’attaque contre la synagogue ? « Qu’il aille en enfer, dit l’oncle. Il est le traître parmi les traîtres. »"

- Mahmoud Abbas Condemns Jerusalem Synagogue Attack; Palestinian Politicians: Rabbis Are Not Civilians (Al-Quds TV (Lebanon), Mayadeen TV (Lebanon), 18 novembre, Vidéo 2mn57) - complètement hallucinant de haine répétée encore et encore, à voir pour le croire.
http://www.memritv.org/clip/en/4611.htm

- Abbas' advisor blesses terrorists and their weapons (PMW) - "Following yesterday's terror attack in which five Israelis were killed by two terrorists with pistols, knives and axes, Abbas' advisor and Fatah Central Committee member Sultan Abu Al-Einein praised the terrorists and their weapons on his Facebook page. Continuing the PA policy of justifying the attacks and riots as religiously mandated, he referred to the terrorists as "those who carry out Ribat" (religious conflict/war over land claimed to be Islamic) and stated that "we are the soldiers of Allah"."
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=13100

- Fatah Official Amal Hamad: Jerusalem Synagogue Attack - "Natural" Outcome of Israeli Actions (Al-Awda TV (PA), 19 novembre, Vidéo 1mn39) - un discours délirant de haine paranoïaque, à écouter pour comprendre dans quelle réalité vivent ces "responsables" politiques.
http://www.memritv.org/clip/en/4616.htm

- UNRWA school director likes those who murder Jews - and kids with guns (Elder of Ziyon) - "Al-Hattab gave his heartfelt approval to the terror attack yesterday, congratulating the terrorists for their wonderful "revenge." The UN is such a force for world peace, isn't it?"
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2014/11/unrwa-school-director-likes-those-who.html

- EXCLUSIVE: Jordan's parliament recited a prayer for the murderers (Elder of Ziyon) - "On Wednesday, Jordan's parliament offered a prayer in honor of the spirit of Ghassan Abu Jamal and Uday Abu Jamal - the terrorists who slaughtered five people. The prayer was held as the House of representatives session opened. MP Khalil Attieh requested his fellow representatives to recite the Fatiha for the "spirit of the heroes." The Fatiha is the first chapter of the Koran, recited on important occasions".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2014/11/exclusive-jordanian-parliament-recited.html


Commentaires & Analyses

- A Jérusalem, le chagrin et la violence (éditorial du Monde daté 20 novembre) - pour le "journal de référence" français, la cause principale du terrorisme palestinien serait l'intransigeance des Israéliens, leur refus de "faire des compromis", leur "colonisation", et les "revendications d'extrémistes juifs sur l'esplanade des Mosquées" ; les Palestiniens (ainsi que Mahmoud Abbas) ne sont pas des acteurs, mais simplement des victimes se contentant de réagir avec les moyens du désespoir aux attaques incessantes de Juifs oppresseurs... Bref, le narratif français (et palestinien) dans toute sa splendeur, comme à l'accoutumée, et un éditorial totalement coupé de la réalité. On devrait s'habituer, mais face au récent massacre de Juifs simplement priant à la synagogue, une telle tribune quasi "justificatrice" provoque pour le moins un certain sentiment de nausée.
http://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2014/11/19/a-jerusalem-le-chagrin-et-la-violence_4525872_3210.html
   "[...] Le premier ministre israélien n'a aucune envie de faire des compromis. Les critiques occidentales l'indiffèrent. M.  Nétanyahou, dont la coalition gouvernementale tient à un fil, court en permanence après sa droite, dans une surenchère inquiétante. Il prétend ne pas avoir d'interlocuteur sérieux, mais il ne cesse d'encourager la colonisation. L'une de ses erreurs a été de ne pas savoir gérer, par l'apaisement, l'hystérie provoquée à Jérusalem par les revendications d'extrémistes juifs sur l'esplanade des Mosquées, où se trouve la mosquée Al-Aqsa, troisième lieu saint de l'islam [et où se trouve le Mont du Temple, premier lieu saint du judaïsme ??]. Ce lieu de toutes les tensions est crucial pour les Palestiniens, qui se sentent attaqués au cœur de leur identité. Pour M. Nétanyahou, la recherche de la paix coûte trop cher politiquement, d'autant qu'Israël se sent en position de force. [...]
    De son côté, Mahmoud Abbas doit résoudre une équation impossible. Isolé, âgé de 79  ans, très impopulaire parmi les Palestiniens, il a choisi de se battre sur la scène diplomatique, en réclamant le vote, au Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU, d'une résolution sur la fin de l'occupation israélienne. Israël, qui compte sur un veto américain, ne veut pas se retrouver sur le banc des accusés. Le gouvernement ne cesse donc d'attaquer M. Abbas, pourtant seul partenaire pour la paix. Mais aujourd'hui, à Jérusalem, le mot même de paix est devenu une incongruité, un talisman trop porté, sans effet."

- Horror in Jerusalem (New York Times editorial) - "The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, had to be pushed by Secretary of State John Kerry into speaking out. “We condemn the killings of worshipers at the synagogue in Jerusalem and condemn acts of violence no matter their source,” Mr. Abbas said in a statement. That was apparently the first time he had denounced Palestinian attacks in recent days. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine militant group claimed responsibility for the attack, which was celebrated by many in Gaza and the West Bank. As a political leader, Mr. Abbas has a duty to make the moral case that such brutality and inhumanity can only bring shame upon the Palestinian people". Voilà ce qu'on ne pourrait jamais lire dans les colonnes d'un journal français. Et pourtant, le New York Times est un journal de gauche peu suspect de soutien pro-israélien "inconditionnel"...
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/19/opinion/horror-in-israel.html?ref=opinion&_r=1

- Unjustifiable horror (Jerusalem Post editorial) - "The obscenity of what transpired Tuesday morning in Har Nof’s Kehilat Yaakov Synagogue cannot be explained away by glib terms like “despair” or “occupation”." Un éditorial on ne peut plus opposé à celui du Monde. A vous de juger lequel est le plus proche des faits et du terrain.
http://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Unjustifiable-horror-382191
   "What motivates two cousins from Jerusalem’s Jabel Mukaber neighborhood to enter a synagogue armed with meat cleavers, hatchets, and a hand gun and commence stabbing, hacking, and shooting at men draped in prayer shawls and engrossed in prayer while shouting Allahu Akbar?
    Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri claimed this massacre was a response to the death of Arab Egged bus driver, Yussuf al-Ramuni, who was found hanged Monday at an Egged depot in Jerusalem. No matter that an autopsy performed by an Arab coroner found that Ramuni had committed suicide. Palestinian news media and political leadership insisted “settlers” had “assassinated” the driver. Arab Egged bus drivers went on strike in a show of solidarity with Ramuni, who was referred to as a “martyr” by WAFA, the Palestinian Authority’s official news station.
    Another justification for the hideous murders in Har Nof, according to Zuhri, was a “series of crimes by the occupier at al-Aksa.” He was referring to attempts by Israeli Jews to visit the Temple Mount, known as Haram al-Sharif by Muslims. He was also referring to the ensuing clashes between Palestinian rioters protesting Jewish visits and police officers, who have at times entered the Aksa Mosque in an attempt to control the rioting and to confiscate rocks, fireworks, and weapons stored there and used against police and Jewish worshipers at the Western Wall.
    In short, Zuhri wants us to believe that the death of an Arab bus driver – at the very least under mysterious circumstances – or the demand by a small group of Jews to visit the Temple Mount, somehow justifies the insidious murder of a group of Jewish worshipers who are connected with neither Ramuni’s death nor the Temple Mount.
    Apparently, large swathes of Palestinian society are indeed convinced that these are reason enough. Remember, Hamas is one of the two most popular political movements in Palestinian society. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, who heads Fatah, the other most popular Palestinian party, gave a lukewarm condemnation of “killings on both sides” in response to the Har Nof attack, and this only under international pressure. He attempted to minimize the damage to his popularity among Palestinians by adding a call to end “invasions of al-Aksa Mosque, the provocations of settlers, and incitement of certain Israeli ministers.”
    Experience tells us that mainstream Palestinian organizations like the Palestinian Front for the Liberation of Palestine, to which the two Palestinian murderers reportedly belonged, hardly need a pretext for killing Jews. Official Palestinian Authority media outlets and politicians regularly incite against Israeli Jews and glorify those who murder them.
    Ever since Israel’s founding the pretext for killing Jews is Jewish sovereignty on land deemed to belong to Muslims, no matter what the borders. Even the ultra-Orthodox Jews of Har Nof and who have traditionally opposed political Zionism are legitimate targets for Palestinian murderers. Haredi spiritual leaders such as Chief Sephardi Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef have even implored Jews not to go up on the Temple Mount so as not to enrage Muslims.
    Though Palestinian nationalist movements have always been murderously violent, the most depressing and wretched spectacle of the last decade has been the degeneration of Palestinian nationalism into a theocratic, death-worshiping radical Islamism. Even assassins from the ostensibly secular PFLP, founded by the nominally Christian Palestinian George Habash, now shout Allahu Akbar so that no mistake can be made about the source of their murderous inspiration.
    The obscenity of what transpired Tuesday morning in Har Nof’s Kehilat Yaakov Synagogue cannot be explained away by glib terms like “despair” or “occupation.” There are millions of people living between the Mediterranean and the Jordan – Jewish, Muslim, and Christian – who may fall into despair without resorting to heinous crimes like the one perpetrated in Har Nof.
    Nor does the murder of innocent civilians advance the Palestinian cause. Religious Jews wrapped in prayer shawls and phylacteries lying in pools of their own blood on the floor of a synagogue is an instantly recognizable image – not just for Jews. It conjures up centuries of violent anti-Semitism and places the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the context of just another example of irrational – and therefore incurable – Jew hatred. It seems to prove to Jewish Israelis that there is really nothing to talk about with the Palestinians, let alone a peace agreement that must of necessity rest on mutual trust."

- Politics Can't Explain the Israeli Synagogue Attack. Only Hatred Can, Yishai Schwartz (New Republic) - "the senselessness and brutality of the synagogue assault, and the otherworldliness of the victims, lays bare the inadequacy of rational political explanations for terror. No doubt the murderers had their grievances (and some perhaps were reasonable), but the butchery in Har Nof shows that any sense of strategy has been overwhelmed by hate. The murder of non-Zionist Torah scholars is an attack on Jews more than Israel, and explaining it requires an understanding of hatred, not of politics. Perhaps the current celebrations throughout the West Bank and Gaza—replete with songs of praise on mosque loudspeakers and the festival-like delivery of sweets to children—goes at least part of the way to providing that".
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/120327/terror-attacks-ultra-orthodox-har-nof-are-self-defeating
   "[...] There is irony in the latest attack. The synagogue was in Har Nof, an ultra-Orthodox neighborhood in West Jerusalem. The worshippers lived in internationally recognized Israel and almost certainly never served in the army. They would never approach the Temple Mount, the holy site where recent visits by Jews have supposedly triggered the latest wave of Palestinian violence, because they believe that God’s law forbids it. In other words, these worshippers should be among the least offensive to Palestinians.
    This is not to say that, for instance, last week’s murder of 26-year-old Dalia Lemkus was less obscene because it happened near a West Bank settlement. But the senselessness and brutality of the synagogue assault, and the otherworldliness of the victims, lays bare the inadequacy of rational political explanations for terror. No doubt the murderers had their grievances (and some perhaps were reasonable), but the butchery in Har Nof shows that any sense of strategy has been overwhelmed by hate. The murder of non-Zionist Torah scholars is an attack on Jews more than Israel, and explaining it requires an understanding of hatred, not of politics. Perhaps the current celebrations throughout the West Bank and Gaza—replete with songs of praise on mosque loudspeakers and the festival-like delivery of sweets to children—goes at least part of the way to providing that.
    Rarely has it been clearer: these men were killed simply because they were Jews living in the land of Israel. That they were rabbis killed at prayer is a potent symbol of the attack's senselessess, but their orthodoxy also serves as evidence of how utterly self-defeating Palestinian terrorism is.
    The ultra-Orthodox, after all, are some of the most pragmatic and powerful players in Israeli politics. For the last two decades, the ultra-Orthodox parties have been kingmakers, key to the governments of both right and left due to their flexibility on negotiations with the Palestinians. It was the largest of these parties, Shas, that offered Yitzchak Rabin the crucial coalition support he needed to proceed to the Oslo accords. Together, the two main ultra-Orthodox parties hold 18 seats in Israel’s 120-seat, famously fractious parliament. Any conceivable left-leaning coalition would rely on their votes.
    But in recent years, the ultra-Orthodox shifted strongly in the direction of the hawks. This shift, and its reasons, has mirrored the rest of Israeli society, and it has very little to with revisionist or expansionist ideology. The ultra-Orthodox, dismissive of Israel’s secular establishment and content to wait for the messiah, continue to be among those least ideologically committed to Jewish sovereignty over the land. But their confidence in the Palestinians and their leadership, in their willingness or ability to stop incitement and curb terrorism, has diminished dramatically.
    To many Israelis today, it no longer matters that Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’s security forces work well with Israel or that he is clearly preferable to Hamas. (Abbas condemned today’s attack while blaming it on Israeli incitement; Hamas simply welcomed the murders.) But preferable does not mean acceptable. And when Abbas's calls for a “holy war” against Jewish “contamination” of the Temple Mount is answered with butcher knives in a synagogue, the preferable does not seem acceptable at all. So the same pragmatism that convinced ultra-Orthodox leadership to back the peace process will continue to turn their rank-and-file against the Israeli Left. Even Aryeh Deri, the wiliest and most dovish among ultra-Orthodoxy’s political leaders will find himself inexorably pulled rightward. [...]"


"Processus de paix"

- WATCH: 'For first time, religion - not nationalism - is driving Palestinian terrorism' (Haaretz) - "After the attack at a Jerusalem synagogue, military analyst Amos Harel describes what role the Temple Mount and ISIS are playing in this 'holy war'."
http://www.haaretz.com/news/video/.premium-1.627336

- Why Netanyahu thinks blaming Abbas is vital for peace, Haviv Rettig Gur (Times of Israel) - "Tuesday’s attack originated not in the terrorists’ fevered imagination, the PM insists, but in the mainstream Palestinian insistence that Jewish independence here is illegitimate. And that has to change". Un excellent article pour mieux comprendre la position israélienne, aux antipodes des interprétations manichéennes en Europe.
http://www.timesofisrael.com/why-netanyahu-thinks-blaming-abbas-is-vital-for-peace/
   "[...] In his own condemnation of Tuesday’s attack, US Secretary of State John Kerry seemed to accept the Israeli view. “To have this kind of act, which is a pure result of incitement, of calls for ‘days of rage,’ of just irresponsibility, is unacceptable,” Kerry declared from London. It is Abbas’s Fatah faction that has called for “days or rage” recently to “protect” the Al-Aqsa Mosque. “The Palestinian leadership must condemn this and they must begin to take serious steps to restrain any kind of incitement. Innocent people who had come to worship died in the sanctuary of a synagogue. They were hatcheted, hacked and murdered in that holy place in an act of pure terror and senseless brutality and murder. I call on Palestinians at every single level of leadership to condemn this in the most powerful terms… and take serious steps to restrain any kind of incitement.”
    The American ambassador to Israel, Dan Shapiro, was even more explicit. “While terrorist organizations like Hamas, true to form, are already praising these murders, anyone else who places a claim to responsible leadership must clearly condemn this outrage and any acts of incitement that can inspire events like these,” he said in a statement.
    And, by Wednesday, Netanyahu’s accusations began to resonate in places the prime minister himself usually considers enemy territory, such as the editorial page of The New York Times. “The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, had to be pushed by Secretary of State John Kerry into speaking out,” lamented the influential American newspaper’s Wednesday editorial. “’We condemn the killings of worshipers at the synagogue in Jerusalem and condemn acts of violence no matter their source,’ Mr. Abbas said in a statement. That was apparently the first time he had denounced Palestinian attacks in recent days….As a political leader, Mr. Abbas has a duty to make the moral case that such brutality and inhumanity can only bring shame upon the Palestinian people,” the Times concluded.
    It is unclear if either Kerry or the Times were convinced by Netanyahu’s finger-pointing, or were acting out of simple shock at the grisly meat-cleaver murder of rabbis at prayer. Either way, these statements are an achievement of sorts for Netanyahu. But this very success raises a critical question: What does Netanyahu hope to accomplish? Does he hope the international community will now write off the Palestinian leader as an incorrigible extremist? [...]
    The question is sharpened by the apparent disagreement Tuesday between the prime minister and the head of Israel’s Shin Bet security service Yoram Cohen on the question of Abbas’s culpability. “Abu Mazen isn’t interested in terror and isn’t pushing for terror, not even under the table,” Cohen told the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, a comment that nearly all Israeli media interpreted as a direct rebuttal to Netanyahu’s accusations.
    The media frenzy that surrounded the seeming clash between the prime minister and his Shin Bet chief highlighted the political significance of Netanyahu’s claim against Abbas. For the right, the argument that Abbas is inciting terror proves that peace talks are impossible. For the left, the intelligence chief’s assessment that Abbas is not in favor of terror attacks proves that peace talks remain a moral and viable imperative, and that Israel’s right-wing government is at least as responsible for their failure as the Palestinians. As the left-wing Haaretz daily argued in its Wednesday editorial, the “real motivation” behind Netanyahu’s accusations is “to deepen the fracture with the Palestinians, and torpedo any possibility of a future agreement.”
    Yet the press coverage of Cohen’s remarks, like the political responses to Netanyahu’s accusations, tell only half the story. While Cohen did indeed tell lawmakers that Abbas was not seeking violence, he also said “the recent incitement by Palestinian Authority leaders, led by Abu Mazen, on issues connected with Jerusalem and the Temple Mount, contribute to and affect the high level of violence in the field, especially in Jerusalem.” And he added: “There are people in the Palestinian public who understand [Abbas’s] criticism [of Israel] as legitimating attacks.” When asked about Cohen’s comments in a Tuesday evening press conference, Netanyahu insisted that everything Cohen had told the Knesset committee was “correct,” and that there was no disagreement between him and Cohen on the question of Abbas’s culpability.
    So while the media reveled in the spectacle of the supposed personality clash, the Israeli prime minister’s more serious argument was lost: that mainstream Palestinian incitement, and not just the terror planners themselves, are culpable in the violence. The elements of Palestinian politics that still answer to Abbas did not plan or launch the latest terror attacks. On that there is almost unanimous agreement among Israel’s political and security leaders. But both Cohen and Netanyahu — and Justice Minister Tzipi Livni, and Finance Minister Lapid, and many Israelis farther left from them — also agree that the PA, and Abbas personally, constantly and vociferously incite against Israelis and Jews.
    And that incitement matters, Netanyahu said Tuesday. “The human animals who perpetrated this slaughter were full of hatred and incitement, deep hatred and terrible incitement against the Jewish People and its state,” Netanyahu told reporters gathered at the Prime Minister’s Office. “Hamas, the Islamic Movement and the Palestinian Authority are disseminating countless lies and falsehoods against the State of Israel. They are saying that the Jews are contaminating the Temple Mount. They are saying that we are planning to destroy the holy places, that we intend to change the order of prayer there – this is all lies.”
    Netanyahu acknowledged that “this time Abu Mazen condemned the slaughter and it is good that he did. I remember that he also condemned the murder of the three youths [in June].” But, the prime minister continued, “it is not enough, because in the same sentence in which he condemned today’s slaughter, he linked it to imaginary actions, which have no basis in reality, that Israel is purportedly planning to carry out on the Temple Mount. There is daily, even hourly, incitement on the streets of the Palestinian Authority. There, not only do the most reprehensible murderers become the heroes of Palestinian culture, but there is unending, constant incitement against the very existence of the State of Israel, against the security of Israel’s citizens, in schools, the media, mosques, everywhere, and this is the root of the conflict: the refusal to recognize – and educate for – the existence of the state of the Jews.”
    The last sentence is a significant one. For Netanyahu, the accusations against Abbas have more to do with the failure of peace talks than with the recent terror attacks. In the prime minister’s view, Abbas’s culpability for Tuesday’s murderous rampage lies not in any direct role, but in Abbas’s perpetuation of the underlying narrative of the Palestinian national movement that views Jewish independence in this land as innately and irredeemably illegitimate. Or, as Netanyahu put it, “There are those who would like to uproot us from our land and from our capital. They will not achieve their aim.” [...]
   “The world sees this slaughter but, to our regret, does not demand that the Palestinians stop the wild incitement against Israel that is the root of the conflict.” The Palestinian position, he was saying, is already hardened and uncompromising, and the world refuses to address it: “To my regret, there are those who currently insist on giving the Palestinians a prize in the form of unilateral recognition of a Palestinian state that does not recognize the state of the Jews.” For Netanyahu, all Palestinian violence, whether Abbas is directly initiating it or not, is ultimately rooted in the universal rejection of Israel’s legitimacy by all parts of Palestinian politics.
    This may not sound like an optimistic assessment of the prospects for peace on Netanyahu’s part. But there is a sliver of good news here for those hoping to see renewed and more successful talks. Netanyahu’s Tuesday speech was couched as a declaration of resolve in the face of terror, yet carefully avoided announcing any Israeli escalation beyond the promise to demolish a handful of deceased terrorists’ homes. And even as he professed to be talking about his steadfast commitment to pursuing Israel’s enemies, Netanyahu actually talked about Israeli frustration at Palestinian intransigence, and demanded compromise and moderation from his Palestinian adversary.
    What, then, does Netanyahu hope to accomplish? He hopes, eventually, to convince the Palestinians, and along the way also the international community, that there can be no peace without reconciliation, and no reconciliation without legitimation. There can be no peace, in other words, unless the Palestinian state-to-be can “recognize – and educate for – the existence of the state of the Jews”."


Jérusalem

- Palestinian coroner ‘agreed Arab bus driver hanged himself’ (Times of Israel) - "In incendiary case of dead Egged driver, Israel’s forensic institute director says Palestinian colleague now not answering his calls".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/palestinian-coroner-agreed-arab-bus-driver-hanged-himself/
- Le médecin légiste palestinien « confirme que le chauffeur de bus arabe s’est pendu » (Times of Israel)
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/le-medecin-legiste-palestinien-confirme-que-le-chauffeur-de-bus-arabe-sest-pendu/
- ‘Palestinian coroner agreed with Israeli finding that bus driver committed suicide,’ says medical examiner (Haaretz) - "The Palestinian coroner, who was present during the autopsy of the Palestinian bus driver who was found dead on Sunday in Jerusalem, agreed that the cause of death was suicide, insists the Israeli director of the institute that performed the autopsy".
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.627322

- Israël reprend des démolitions punitives et contestées (AFP) - "Les forces israéliennes n'avaient plus procédé à des démolitions punitives à Jérusalem depuis 2009, selon Daniel Seidemann, un avocat israélien spécialisé dans les affaires concernant Jérusalem. Le Premier ministre Benjamin Netanyahu vient d'ordonner leur reprise devant les attentats auxquels est en proie Jérusalem. Les destructions sont censées frapper les esprits : s'ils ne craignent pas pour leur vie, les auteurs d'attentats potentiels pourraient réfléchir à deux fois en pensant à ceux qu'ils laissent derrière eux" (elles sont aussi censées empêcher les familles d'encourager leurs enfants à commettre des attentats terroristes).
https://fr.news.yahoo.com/isra%C3%ABl-reprend-d%C3%A9molitions-punitives-contest%C3%A9es-150936870.html
- Violence in East Jerusalem; 'Intifada starts today,' Palestinian kids say (Ynet) - "Over 120 children and youths rioted in East Jerusalem after Israel moves to demolish home of terrorist behind vehicular attack; kids as young as ten shout 'we'll fight till the end'."
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4593804,00.html

- Status Quo? 'Jews Prayed on the Temple Mount for Centuries' (Arutz 7) - "Rabbi Goren, who blew a shofar at the site upon its liberation during the Six Day War in 1967, wrote in his work "The Temple Mount" that "Jewish prayer at the Western Wall began only in the 16th century; prior to that, Jews prayed for centuries on the Temple Mount"."
http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/187522
- There is No 'Status Quo' on the Temple Mount (Arutz 7) - ""In retrospect," Shragai sums up, echoing the sentiments of many Jews around the country and the world, "the concession Dayan made in the name of the Jewish People was indeed immense, colossal, almost inconceivable. The Jewish State entrusted its holiest place to a competing religion – the Muslim religion, for which the place is only the third in holiness, and gave up the right to pray there"."
http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/187547

- WSJ Corrects Headline About New Israeli "Settlements" (CAMERA)
http://www.camera.org/index.asp?x_context=9999&x_article=2879
   "CAMERA prompts correction of a Wall Street Journal headline which erroneously stated that "Israel Says It Plans to Build New Jerusalem Settlements" (Oct. 28). Israel has not built "new settlements" for more than a decade and isn't building new ones now. The story itself refers correctly to "new developments in the Jewish neighborhood of Ramat Shlomo in northern Jerusalem and near the Jewish neighborhood of Har Homa in the south." The planned homes are part of existing settlements. [...]"


Gaza & Hamas

- Tsahal détecte 4 tirs de roquettes en Méditerranée (Times of Israel) - "« Tout semble indiquer que les terroristes de Gaza font des expérimentations afin d’augmenter leurs capacités de lancement de roquettes, » a déclaré l’armée israélienne dans un communiqué. Il n’est pas encore clair quant à savoir de qui des différents groupes terroristes basés à Gaza est responsable de ces tirs de roquettes".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/tsahal-detecte-4-tirs-de-roquettes-en-mediterranee/

- Israel agrees to work with Gaza probe into attacks on UN facilities (Haaretz) - "After refusing to cooperate with a different UN committee, Jerusalem agrees to participate in another as long as a number of its conditions are met".
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.627422


France

- Reconnaître l’Etat palestinien ? Bof…, Luc Rosenzweig (Causeur) - "à y regarder de plus près, cette solution d’apparent bon sens ne tient pas compte d’une donnée fondamentale : le caractère absolu et irréductible, par le monde arabo-musulman, du refus d’un Etat souverain juif sur une terre considérée comme d’Islam pour l’éternité".
http://www.causeur.fr/reconnaitre-etat-palestinien-30267.html
   "Les parlementaires français veulent montrer leurs muscles, et donner l’impression qu’ils sont en mesure d’influer sur la marche du monde. C’est le sens et l’objectif des deux projets de résolution, l’un présenté par le groupe socialiste à l’Assemblée nationale, inscrit à l’ordre du jour de la séance du 28 novembre, l’autre par le groupe communiste au Sénat, qui sera discuté le 11 décembre au palais du Luxembourg.
    Le premier n’est pas encore finalisé, car les discussions sont âpres au sein du PS sur la tonalité à donner à ce texte, en raison du souci d’attirer le vote favorable d’une partie de l’opposition de droite. Celui du Sénat est la reprise pure et simple des revendications formulées par l’Autorité palestinienne sur la scène internationale, et n’a donc aucune chance d’obtenir une majorité à la Haute assemblée.
    Ces initiatives s’inscrivent dans un mouvement général, où l’on a pu voir, ces dernières semaines, le gouvernement suédois reconnaître, par décret l’Etat palestinien, la Chambre des communes britannique approuver une résolution dans ce sens avec les seules voix travaillistes (la majorité conservatrice n’a pas pris par au vote), et l’approbation quasi unanime par le Congrès des députés espagnols d’un texte si édulcoré qu’il n’engage aucunement le gouvernement de Madrid à cette reconnaissance avant qu’un accord soit intervenu entre les deux parties…
    C’est dire si l’on est encore loin d’un consensus européen sur une question dont la complexité surpasse celle du montage d’un meuble Ikea, comme l’a malicieusement souligné Avigdor Lieberman, le chef de la diplomatie israélienne en réponse à l’initiative suédoise.
    On comprend bien le raisonnement des partisans de cette reconnaissance : le blocage des pourparlers de paix est tel qu’un signe fort doit être lancé pour qu’Israéliens et Palestiniens se remettent sérieusement à discuter d’une solution dont tous les éléments, ou presque sont déjà sur la table, désignés par l’expression « les paramètres Clinton » (Les « paramètres Clinton » sont ceux établis au moment des négociations de Camp David, au cours de l’été 2000, prévoyant notamment la création d’un Etat palestinien sur la base de la ligne d’armistice de 1949, avec des échanges de territoires pour tenir compte des réalités sur le terrain). L’urgence  d’une reprise des négociations serait d’autant plus grande que le niveau de violence sur le terrain s’accroît de jour en jour, et que la « confessionnalisation » du conflit, alimentée par la montée du djihadisme, et la radicalisation des groupes ultrareligieux juifs en transforme la nature pour le rendre totalement insoluble.
    Ces arguments ne sont pas sans valeur, et l’on serait tenté de souscrire à l’analyse de notre ami Elie Barnavi : l’ancien ambassadeur d’Israël en France est persuadé que le face-à-face Netanyahou-Abbas est définitivement dans une impasse, et qu’en conséquence le seul moyen d’en sortir est que la « communauté internationale » définisse et impose aux protagonistes cette solution à deux Etats souverains, l’un juif, l’autre arabe sur le territoire de la Palestine mandataire.
    Mais, à y regarder de plus près, cette solution d’apparent bon sens ne tient pas compte d’une donnée fondamentale : le caractère absolu et irréductible, par le monde arabo-musulman, du refus d’un Etat souverain juif sur une terre considérée comme d’Islam pour l’éternité. On peut, comme l’Egypte et la Jordanie conclure des traités de paix avec « l’ennemi sioniste », pour récupérer, par la politique et la diplomatie des territoires perdus après des défaites, ou des soutiens occidentaux à des économies en perpétuelle faillite, mais on continuera à refuser toute normalisation culturelle avec le fait étatique juif au Proche-orient.
    Alors, qu’il existe ou non un Etat de Palestine solennellement admis dans le concert des nations ne changera rien aux données actuelles du conflit. Ni à la nécessité, pour Israël, d’assurer sa survie dur sa capacité de dissuasion. Si j’étais parlementaire, j’exigerais des présidents de ces honorables assemblées que, pour l’occasion, la mise à la disposition des députés et sénateurs de bulletins « bof… », en plus des « pour » et « contre »."

- Pascal Boniface maltraité par «Libération» ? Notre réponse, Lorraine Millot (Libération) - "Pascal Boniface, fondateur et directeur de l’Iris, un institut français d’étude des relations internationales, joue les martyrs de Libération. Dans une tribune publiée ce mardi sur le Plus de l’Obs, il attaque et calomnie notre journal qui avait mis en cause ses financements privés. Dans une enquête publiée dans notre édition du 25 octobre, nous nous étions en effet intéressés aux réseaux du président russe à l’étranger, ces supporteurs de Poutine qui, de l’extrême droite à l’extrême gauche, en passant par les gaullistes ou le centre, sans oublier les milieux d’affaires et l’université, défendent le régime avec plus ou moins de nuances, justifient ses incursions en Ukraine et ferment les yeux sur ses crimes".
http://www.liberation.fr/monde/2014/11/20/pascal-boniface-maltraite-par-liberation-notre-reponse_1146185

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