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23 juillet 2013 2 23 /07 /juillet /2013 10:21

"Processus de paix"

- John Kerry arrache un accord sur la reprise des négociations israélo-palestiniennes, Laurent Zecchini & Philippe Ricard (Le Monde, 20 juillet)
http://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2013/07/20/john-kerry-arrache-un-accord-sur-la-reprise-des-negociations-israelo-palestiniennes_3450467_3210.html
   "Ce n'est encore qu'un "accord de principe", mais il signale une avancée déterminante sur la voie d'une reprise des négociations de paix entre Israéliens et Palestiniens, tout en constituant une victoire diplomatique pour John Kerry. En obtenant à l'arraché, dans la soirée de vendredi 19 juillet, à l'issue de sa sixième "navette" dans la région, "un accord qui établit la base d'une reprise des négociations directes sur le statut final" (des relations) entre les deux parties, le secrétaire d'Etat américain a mis fin, de façon ténue, à l'absence totale de dialogue qui prévalait depuis septembre 2010.
    En quittant Amman, en Jordanie, d'où il a conduit l'essentiel de ses discussions marathon avec les responsables palestiniens et israéliens, M. Kerry a précisé que l'accord était "en cours de formalisation", ce qui ne lui permettait pas d'en livrer le moindre élément. Il a cependant rendu hommage au "leadership courageux" du premier ministre israélien, Benyamin Nétanyahou, et du président de l'Autorité palestinienne, Mahmoud Abbas.
    Des discussions initiales vont avoir lieu, sans doute dès la semaine prochaine, à Washington, entre le secrétaire d'Etat, d'une part, Saëb Erakat, négociateur en chef palestinien, et Tzipi Livni, ministre israélienne de la justice, qui est également chargée du dossier des négociations avec les Palestiniens, d'autre part. Ces pourparlers sont présentés comme une "phase initiale".
    Jusqu'à jeudi soir, tout accord semblait compromis. John Kerry avait beaucoup tablé sur le feu vert donné la veille par les ministres des affaires étrangères de la Ligue arabe à M. Abbas pour qu'il accepte une reprise des négociations sur la base des propositions de Washington. Mais la réponse de la direction palestinienne a été sans appel : les membres du Fatah, le parti de M. Abbas, et du comité exécutif de l'Organisation de libération de la Palestine ont majoritairement rejeté l'offre américaine.
    Celle-ci, indiquait le député indépendant Moustapha Barghouti, ne fournissait pas de "garanties d'un arrêt de la colonisation, ni de référence claire pour les négociations sur la base des frontières de 1967". Ces deux impératifs pour les Palestiniens, considérés comme des préconditions inacceptables par les Israéliens, constituaient le noeud du blocage. Jeudi soir, les Palestiniens ont paru assouplir leur position en ne mettant plus en avant la question du gel de la colonisation, tout en insistant sur celle des frontières de 1967.
    De leur point de vue, si Israël accepte une telle référence, cela signifie que toutes les colonies construites à l'est de la "ligne verte" (marquant la limite entre Israël et la Cisjordanie avant la guerre de 1967) seront illégitimes. Comme il n'est pas question qu'Israël exprime un accord explicite, il est vraisemblable que les Américains ont proposé d'être les garants que les négociations se dérouleront sur cette base.
    Le gouvernement israélien semble, d'autre part, prêt à accepter un gel silencieux (qui ne serait pas annoncé officiellement), des constructions en Cisjordanie, sans doute à l'exception de Jérusalem-Est et des blocs de colonies. Pour timides qu'elles soient, ces concessions risquent de placer Benyamin Nétanyahou et Mahmoud Abbas dans une position politique difficile : le Hamas, qui contrôle la bande de Gaza, a immédiatement rejeté ce compromis, et il ne fait aucun doute que celui-ci va être critiqué, en Israël, par le lobby des colons, lequel est représenté par plusieurs ministres. [...]"

- Israël-Palestiniens : négociations "dans les prochaines semaines" (AFP)
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/isra%C3%ABl-palestiniens-n%C3%A9gociations-prochaines-semaines-192113693.html
   "La Maison Blanche a évoqué lundi une reprise des pourparlers de paix israélo-palestiniens "dans les prochaines semaines" à Washington et exprimé son "optimisme très prudent" sur les chances de succès de ce nouveau processus. [...] le porte-parole du président Barack Obama, Jay Carney, a affirmé que l'exécutif américain "oeuvrait avec les parties à (organiser) une visite à Washington dans les prochaines semaines pour faire progresser ce processus".
    M. Carney a aussi souligné, alors que toutes les tentatives de l'administration Obama depuis 2009 de relancer le processus de paix de façon durable ont échoué, que ce dossier était "très difficile. Cela l'a été pour les Israéliens, les Palestiniens et les administration successives à Washington". "Mais le fait qu'il ait été si difficile ne veut pas dire qu'il ne faut pas le traiter", a poursuivi M. Carney, alors que M. Kerry devait rencontrer le président Obama lundi à la Maison Blanche. Interrogé sur son évaluation des chances de succès de ces pourparlers, M. Carney a évoqué un "optimisme très prudent, parce que c'est un sujet très difficile (...) Mais nous avons l'obligation d'essayer"."

- Israël va libérer "quelque 80" détenus palestiniens (AFP)
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/isra%C3%ABl-va-lib%C3%A9rer-80-d%C3%A9tenus-palestiniens-073508242.html
   "L'Etat hébreu a décidé de libérer "quelque 80" prisonniers palestiniens condamnés à de longues peines en vue d'une possible reprise des négociations de paix, a indiqué lundi un responsable israélien. "Les libérations de prisonniers commenceront lorsque les négociations seront lancées, nous parlons de libérations par vagues", a-t-il précisé à l'AFP sous le couvert de l'anonymat, ajoutant que les détenus concernés avaient tous été incarcérés avant les accords d'Oslo en 1993. [...]"

- Ex-PA minister: Abbas cowed by threat of US aid loss, Haviv Rettig Gur (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/ex-pa-minister-abbas-cowed-by-threat-of-us-aid-loss/
   "Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas was pressured by Washington into entering into US-sponsored peace talks, former Palestinian Authority minister Ziad Abuzayyad told Army Radio Sunday. “Abbas feels American pressure, and Arab [League] pressure,” said Abuzayyad, a former Palestinian legislator, cabinet minister and negotiator. “The Arab League is telling him, ‘You can’t be seen as responsible for Kerry’s failure.’” Asked about reports that Abbas faced US threats to withdraw aid if he didn’t enter talks, Abuzayyad told Army Radio, “Of course there was a threat of economic sanctions, as much as $500 million per year. There was pressure related to the end of aid.” Abuzayyad was a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council from 1996 until 2006 and served on several Palestinian negotiating teams, including during the Oslo peace process in the early 1990s. [...]"

- Top PA official: We haven’t agreed to negotiate yet, Elhanan Miller (Times of Israel) - "Abed Rabbo’s comments, which directly contradict Secretary of State John Kerry’s announcement Friday of Israeli and Palestinian agreement to resume talks, reflected an atmosphere of deep Palestinian skepticism regarding the prospect of negotiations with Israel".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/top-pa-official-we-havent-agreed-to-negotiate-yet/
   "The Palestinian leadership has not yet decided to return to negotiations with Israel and will only do so if its basic demands are met, a senior PLO official said on Sunday. Yasser Abed Rabbo, one of only two Palestinian officials authorized to comment on the negotiations with Israel (along with PA presidential spokesman Nabil Abu Rudeineh), told Palestinian radio that the PA leadership was currently engaged in dialogue with the American administration, and would only announce the resumption of negotiations depending on the outcome of those talks. A number of issues were still pending for talks between Israelis and Palestinians in Washington later in the week, during which a framework for negotiations would be created, he added.
    Abed Rabbo’s comments, which directly contradict Secretary of State John Kerry’s announcement Friday of Israeli and Palestinian agreement to resume talks, reflected an atmosphere of deep Palestinian skepticism regarding the prospect of negotiations with Israel. An op-ed Sunday in the official Palestinian daily Al-Ayyam dubbed US Secretary of State John Kerry “a master of self-deception,” claiming that both sides agreed to meet in Washington only to please the American official, knowing that nothing of substance would come of the talks.
    Another Palestinian official, Fatah Central Committee member Mohammed Ishtayeh, said in a press release Sunday that negotiations could only resume following an Israeli commitment to recognize the 1967 lines as the basis for a future Palestinian state, to release prisoners, and to freeze building in the settlements — preconditions that Israel has rejected. [...]"
- Top Palestinian officials say peace talk chatter premature, Elhanan Miller (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/top-palestinian-officials-say-peace-talk-chatter-premature/
   "A senior Palestinian official said the path to formal negotiations with Israel is still blocked, adding his voice to a number of other Palestinian leaders denying that US-brokered peace talks are set to resume. Presidential spokesman Nabil Abu Rudeineh said in a statement late Sunday that Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas agreed to send a delegate to Washington to continue lower-level preliminary talks with an Israeli counterpart about the terms for negotiations. [...]
    Abu Rudeineh said for actual peace talks to resume, Israel must first accept its pre-1967 war frontier as a baseline and halt settlement building, demands Israel’s leader has rejected in the past. Abu Rudeineh said the Washington talks are meant to “overcome the obstacles that still stand in the way of launching negotiations.” [...]"
- 'Palestinians seek assurances on '67 lines, prisoners before talks' (JP)
http://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Liberman-pours-cold-water-on-talk-of-Israeli-Palestinian-peace-320735
   "Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat will not depart for preliminary peace talks in Washington until his government receives assurances regarding Israel’s readiness to negotiate a deal based on the 1967 lines and a commitment to release prisoners who have been serving sentences handed down before the signing of the Oslo Accords, the pan-Arab daily newspaper Al-Hayat reported Tuesday. [...]
    Israeli officials are also lowering expectations in the run-up to next week. Likud Beytenu MK Avigdor Liberman told Israel Radio that it remains uncertain as to whether peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians will indeed be renewed. [...] In the interview with Israel Radio, Liberman repeated his view that the preferred route for Israel would be to strive for a long-term interim agreement with the Palestinian Authority rather than a final-status deal. The former foreign minister expressed his view that even if Israel acceded to Palestinian demands to return to the ’67 lines and partition Jerusalem, the PA would still refuse to end the conflict. [...]"

- Abbas threatens ‘all options open’ if US-led diplomatic bid fails, Elhanan Miller (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/abbas-threatens-all-options-open-if-peace-talks-fail/
   "Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas warned in comments published Monday that “all options are open” if there is no substantive progress in Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. The comments, Abbas’s first since US Secretary of State John Kerry announced on Friday that peace talks would resume after a hiatus of almost three years, may be an attempt to exert pressure on the US and Israel to meet Palestinian demands on the terms of formal negotiations. [...]"
- Abbas threatens: "If we don't get what we want, all options are open" (Elder of Ziyon)
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2013/07/abbas-threatens-if-we-dont-get-what-we.html
   "Imagine the outcry that would follow if Bibi Netanyahu said that if the planned peace talks don't go well, "all options are on the table." It would be perceived as a threat - perhaps to annex the territories, perhaps to unilaterally annex parts, perhaps to occupy Area A. Either way, it would make headlines, confirming the idea of Israeli belligerency and intransigence.
    Netanyahu never said that. But Mahmoud Abbas did. Palestine Press Agency quotes Abbas as saying that if there is no progress in the peace talks, "all options are open." A violent intifada? [...]"

- PA minister: PA agreements modeled after Muhammad's Hudaybiyyah Peace Treaty (PMW) - Pour rappel, Mahomet aurait signé le traité de paix de Hudaybiyyah, pour mieux conquérir la Mecque par la suite. Par analogie, la victoire sur l'Etat juif pourrait passer temporairement par le fait de signer un traité de paix (qu'on pourra violer ensuite).
http://palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=9401
   "On the eve of the renewed peace talks with Israel, PA Minister of Religious Affairs Mahmoud Al-Habbash said in his Friday sermon that when PA leaders signed agreements with Israel, they knew how to walk "the right path, which leads to achievement, exactly like the Prophet [Muhammad] did in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah." Al-Habbash's sermon was delivered in the presence of PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas and was broadcast on official Palestinian Authority TV. Click to view
    The Hudaybiyyah peace treaty was a 10-year truce that Muhammad, Islam's Prophet, made with the Quraish Tribe of Mecca. However, two years into the truce, Muhammad attacked and conquered Mecca. The PA Minister of Religious Affairs stressed in his Friday sermon that Muhammad’s agreeing to the Hudaybiyyah treaty was not "disobedience" to Allah, but was "politics" and "crisis management." The minister emphasized that in spite of the peace treaty, two years later Muhammad "conquered Mecca." He ended his comparison by expressing the view that the Hudaybiyyah agreement is not just past history, but that "this is the example and this is the model."
    Since the signing of the Oslo Accords, there have been senior PA officials who have presented the peace process with Israel as a deceptive tactic that both facilitated the PA's five-year terror campaign against Israel (the Intifada), and which will weaken Israel through territorial compromise that will eventually lead to Israel's destruction. Arafat also compared the Oslo Accords to the Hudaybiyyah agreement [...]"
- PA minister equates negotiations to medieval pact made to be broken, Elhanan Miller (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/pa-minister-equates-negotiations-to-medieval-pact-made-to-be-broken/
   "A Palestinian minister likened negotiations with Israel to a medieval agreement signed between the Prophet Muhammad and his political rivals in Mecca, which he violated two years after signing, Palestinian Media Watch revealed on Monday. [...] Habbash’s sermon mirrored the same historical comparison by deceased PA president Yasser Arafat in a Johannesburg mosque on May 10, 1994, where he compared the Oslo Accords to Hudaibiya. “This agreement, I am not considering it more than the agreement which had been signed between our prophet Muhammad and Quraish,” Arafat told his audience. [...]"

- La coalition israélienne divisée sur une reprise des pourparlers (Reuters)
http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/la-coalition-israelienne-divisee-sur-une-reprise-des-pourparlers-21-07-2013-1706921_24.php
   "[...] l'ancien ministre des Affaires étrangères Avigdor Lieberman, partenaire de Netanyahou au sein de l'alliance Likoud Beitenu au pouvoir, a relativisé l'idée de pourparlers, estimant que la diplomatie ne servait qu'à "gérer" le conflit israélo-palestinien. "Il est important de négocier, et encore plus important que les négociations s'appuient sur des bases réalistes, pas sur des illusions. Il n'y a pas de solution au conflit israélo-palestinien, au moins pas dans les prochaines années", a-t-il écrit sur sa page Facebook.
    Le ministre des Transports Yisrael Katz, membre du Likoud, s'est moqué quant à lui de la faible représentativité de Mahmoud Abbas, dont l'administration contrôle seulement une partie de la Cisjordanie, alors que la bande de Gaza est aux mains de ses adversaires du Hamas depuis 2007. "Abou Mazen (Abbas) a encore moins de pouvoir sur les Palestiniens que (le président Bachar el) Assad en Syrie", a-t-il dit. "Tout comme personne ne songerait à céder des territoires à Assad dans la situation actuelle, personne ne songe sérieusement à céder des territoires à Abou Mazen alors qu'il ne gouverne qu'une partie de la population palestinienne." [...]"

- Israel says PA dropped preconditions, but Palestinians claim Kerry promised talks on basis of pre-67 lines, Ron Friedman (Times of Israel) - "Channel 2 said Kerry had threatened to halt US aid to the Palestinians if Abbas did not come back to the table".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-says-pa-dropped-preconditions-but-palestinians-claim-kerry-promised-talks-on-basis-of-pre-67-lines/
   "[...] According to the ministers, the talks would resume without Israel agreeing to a settlement freeze, without Israel agreeing to negotiations for a Palestinian state on the basis of the pre-1967 lines, and without there first being a release of longtime Palestinian prisoners. Israel would release Palestinian prisoners, with Israeli blood on their hands, in phases as the talks continued, they said.
    However, a Palestinian official said Abbas agreed to restart talks only after receiving a letter from Kerry guaranteeing that the basis of the negotiations will indeed be Israel’s pre-1967 borders. The official, quoted by AP, said Kerry’s letter also stipulated that both the Israelis and Palestinians must refrain from taking any steps that would jeopardize the outcome of the talks. Thus, the unnamed official said, Israel is not to issue new tenders for West Bank settlements, while the Palestinians are to refrain from pursuing diplomatic actions against Israel at international organizations.
    In his statement Saturday night, Netanyahu said the negotiations were vital in order “to seek to bring to an end the conflict between us and the Palestinians” and important, too, “given the challenges we face, primarily from Iran and Syria.” Israel, he added, had two goals in the talks: “Preventing the creation of a single binational state between the [Mediterranean] Sea and the Jordan [River], that would endanger the future of the Jewish state, and preventing the establishment of an additional Iranian-sponsored terrorist state on Israel’s borders, which could endanger us no less.” He thanked Kerry for his “great efforts” to get the sides back to the negotiating table and vowed that he would “insist upon Israel’s security need and its vital strategic interests.” [...]
    Israeli sources added that plainly Abbas’s representative Erekat would raise demands for talks on the basis of the pre-1967 lines and for a settlement freeze — but these would be issues to negotiate at the table, not preconditions. Also, they said, while Israel would release most or all of the more than 100 Palestinian security prisoners held since before the Oslo accords were signed 20 years ago, they would go free in phases, depending on the progress of the talks. A first group of such prisoners, many of whom have Israeli blood on their hands, could be released within four-to-six weeks, they said. No veteran Israeli Arab prisoners would be freed, Channel 2 reported on Saturday night.
    Channel 2 also said Kerry had threatened to halt US aid to the Palestinians if Abbas did not come back to the table. [...]
    Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon (Likud) said Saturday that, “We had insisted on entering talks without preconditions, including the Palestinian’s demands that we return to the ’67 lines, freeze settlements and release prisoners.” “We are entering the talks with clean hands and with an honest desire to reach an agreement on ending the conflict. I only hope the Palestinians are coming to the table, with the same attitude,” said Ya’alon. [...]"
- 1967 lines not the basis for new talks, report says (Times of Israel)
http://www.timesofisrael.com/1967-lines-not-the-basis-for-new-talks-report-says/
   "Contrary to Palestinian claims, the terms for restarting long-dormant Israeli-Palestinian peace talks do not include a reference to the 1967 lines, according to a Western official quoted by The New York Times late Saturday. [...] “There are no terms of reference or any other agreements that the 1967 lines will be the basis for negotiation,” the Times quoted the unnamed Western official as saying. Israeli ministers on Saturday insisted that there had been no agreement to restart negotiations for a Palestinian state on the basis of the 1967 lines. [...]"
- Palestinians: Peace talks won't resume without Israeli consent to basis of 1967 borders (Haaretz)
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.537299

- Palestinian factions see resumption of peace talks as 'political suicide', Khaled Abu Toameh (JP)
http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Palestinian-factions-see-resumption-of-peace-talks-as-political-suicide-320458
   "Several Palestinian groups on Saturday criticized the Palestinian Authority for agreeing to resume peace talks with Israel, while PLO and Fatah officials said they knew nothing about what US Secretary of State John Kerry had offered the PA leadership to bring it back to the negotiating table. [...]
    Nabil Amr, a senior Fatah official and former PA minister, said the way the PA leadership dealt with the issue of resuming negotiating with Israel was "frustrating." He added: "Although what Kerry achieved was expected, the way the Palestinian leadership handled the return to the negotiating table over the past two days was frustrating." Amr said that the Palestinians were suffering from a "leadership crisis more than a crisis in the policy adopted by the Palestinian leadership, which excels in hardline talk but eventually succumbs to the fait accompli."
    The Palestinian National Initiative, a political movement headed by former presidential candidate Mustafa Barghouti, announced that it was opposed to the resumption of the peace talks with Israel "without clear and specific terms of reference." The movement said that any negotiations should be based on the pre-1967 lines and a full cessation of settlement construction "in all Palestinian territories, including Jerusalem." The movement warned that conducting negotiations while settlement construction was continuing "means that Israel would exploit them as a cover for its expansionist settlement projects." It said that there was no peace partner in Israel because the Israeli government was busy building in the settlements and creating new facts on the ground. "The alternative is popular resistance, boycotting and imposing sanctions on Israel and restoring Palestinian national unity," the movement added.
    Hamas spokesman also condemned the PA for "succumbing to American extortion and complying with Israel's demands." Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum said that the PA's decision was a "big gift to the extremist occupation government and a loss for the Palestinian people." Another Hamas official, Salah Bardaweel, warned the PA leadership against "falling in the quagmire of negotiations." He said that the resumption of the negotiations unconditionally and under Kerry's terms was designed to "liquidate the Palestinian cause in return for secondary privileges for Palestinian Authority leaders."
    Yusef Rizka, political advisor to the Hamas prime minister, said that resuming the negotiations under the terms of Israel and the US was tantamount to "treason." Rizka noted that the PLO factions had expressed their opposition to the resumption of the peace talks. He said that the outcome of the negotiations would be considered by Palestinians as null and void.
    Hassan Khraisheh, deputy speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council, told the Quds Press news agency that Abbas was committing "political suicide" by agreeing to return to the negotiating table with Israel. Khraisheh accused Abbas of abandoning his previous demands for Israeli recognition of the pre-1967 lines and a full cessation of settlement construction as a pre-condition for resuming the talks in return for "bribes," including the release of a number of prisoners, economic benefits and work permits for Palestinians.
    The Islamic Jihad, Palestinian Peoples' (Communist) Party, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) also voiced strong opposition to Abbas's decision to resume the peace talks with Israel. "Palestine does not belong to one political faction," said Nafez Azzam, a senior Islamic Jihad official. "The Palestinian-Israeli conflict would not end unless the rights are restored to their owners." [...]"

- PA TV: Terrorist Dalal Mughrabi is "a Palestinian and Arab symbol" (PMW, Vidéo 1mn15) - pour rappel, elle est admirée pour un attentat en 1978 qui a causé la mort de 37 civils israéliens, dont 12 enfants.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJtDKia13hE
    - PA TV program "On this Day": "On this day [March 11,] 1978, in one of the most courageous Palestinian self-sacrifice operations, a squad infiltrated the coast between the [Israeli] cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa and took control of an Israeli bus, forcing it to turn towards Tel Aviv... The Israeli army attacked the bus and a struggle ensued for hours, resulting in the death of 37 Israelis, the wounding of 82 others, the Martyrdom-death of 9 self-sacrificers and the arrest of the 10th. The name of the operation, orchestrated by Abu Jihad, was "The Deir Yassin Operation." As a result, Dalal Mughrabi (who led the operation) became both a Palestinian and Arab symbol. Palestinian writers gave her the nickname "President of the Palestinian Republic." [Official Palestinian Authority TV, March 11, 2013]

- PA Children Call for 'Liberation' of Palestine', Dalit Halevi & Elad Benari (Arutz 7) - "The video, which was recently recorded at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, is a good example of the radical Islamic education given to children in the PA".
http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/170137

- Israël-Palestine : la paix illusoire, Jacques Benillouche (Slate.fr)
http://www.slate.fr/story/75642/john-kerry-israel-palestine-processus-paix-illusoire
   "John Kerry s’est fait plaisir en rentrant à Washington avec un projet de discussions entre Palestiniens et Israéliens. Il avait fait un tel battage à l’occasion de son sixième déplacement au Proche-Orient qu’il ne pouvait pas rester sur un échec. L’annonce de la reprise imminente des négociations de paix s’apparente à un voile de fumée sur une réalité difficile. Jusqu’à la dernière minute, le secrétaire d'Etat américain a cherché à arracher à Mahmoud Abbas une décision positive alors que le leader palestinien se cachait derrière le Fatah et l’OLP pour justifier ses réserves. [...]
    Peu d’informations transpirent sur cet accord sinon quelques hypothèses ou indiscrétions. Israël accepterait d’élargir des condamnés palestiniens, emprisonnés depuis longtemps, bien avant l’accord d’Oslo, et ferait des gestes économiques importants dont on ignore la nature. Les Palestiniens se seraient engagés à ne plus agir unilatéralement auprès des instances internationales pour exiger la création d'un Etat palestinien.
    Selon John Kerry, les négociations à venir porteront sur la réalisation d'un accord de paix provisoire, sans déterminer les frontières définitives, pour établir un Etat palestinien dans les zones de Cisjordanie évacuées par Israël. Il s’agira de trouver un consensus trilatéral  sur les conditions sécuritaires et sur le statut des implantations qui devraient être démantelées. Israël aurait accepté un moratoire sur les constructions en Cisjordanie, en dehors des blocs d’implantations existantes. Le secrétaire d'Etat américain aurait promis à Mahmoud Abbas une lettre personnelle d’engagement de Barack Obama confirmant son acceptation d'établir un Etat palestinien comme patrie nationale du peuple palestinien sur la base des frontières rectifiées de 1967.
    Mais John Kerry veut jouer sur le temps pour calmer les esprits. Les négociations, qui seront menées dans le plus grand secret, sont prévues pour durer au moins un an avant que les grands leaders ne soient directement impliqués dans les discussions. Beaucoup d’eau pourra couler sous les ponts durant une année, mais c'est le temps minimum pour que les deux parties arrondissent les angles auprès de leurs propres opposants. [...]"

- En finir avec le mensonge des colonies, Shaul Ariéli (Haaretz, 3 octobre 2012) - Shalom Arshav a traduit une intéressante tribune de gauche qui, avec une lucidité rafraichissante, dénonce l'idée que la "colonisation" soit réellement un problème (et encore moins l'obstacle premier) pour la solution dite de "deux Etats pour deux peuples".
http://www.lapaixmaintenant.org/En-finir-avec-le-mensonge-des

- "Now or never" - for 40 years (Elder of Ziyon) - "The Telegraph's headline says "Now or never for a two-state solution." Now, where have I heard that before?"
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2013/07/now-or-never-for-40-years.html


Gaza & Hamas

- Une roquette tirée de Gaza touche Israël (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/07/22/97001-20130722FILWWW00237-une-roquette-tiree-de-gaza-touche-israel.php
   "Une roquette tirée de la bande de Gaza a touché le sud d'Israël dans la nuit de dimanche à lundi sans faire de dégâts ni de blessé. "Elle a explosé près d'un kibboutz dans la région d'Eshkol", a indiqué Micky Rosenfeld, ajoutant que la police cherchait toujours les débris de ce qu'il a estimé être une roquette artisanale Qassam du Hamas. Jeudi soir, deux roquettes tirées de la bande de Gaza avaient également touché le sud d'Israël sans faire de blessé. [...]"

- Hamas, complaining about "humanitarian disaster," asks Israel for more fuel (Elder of Ziyon) - "Instead of its usual Israel-bashing, Hamas is trying to arouse world opinion against Egypt's crackdown on smuggling tunnels, specifically fuel smuggling. [...] Remember, Egypt's fuel that was smuggled to Gaza was subsidized by Egypt for her own citizens, which then sold them to Gaza at a discount. Hamas is pretending that they have a right to subsidized fuel from Egypt that Egyptians themselves cannot spare. For years, Israel has had capacity to pump more fuel into Gaza. Hamas had refused".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2013/07/hamas-complaining-about-humanitarian.html

- Egypt restricts fishing boats next to Gaza. Guess why? (Elder of Ziyon) - "Hold on - you mean that terrorists do use boats to try to move in and out of Gaza? Who knew? Apparently, Israel did - but you wouldn't know that from the NGOs slamming Israel for protecting itself off the coast of Gaza".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2013/07/egypt-restricts-fishing-boats-next-to.html


Egypte

- Six Égyptiens tués dans le Sinaï (Reuters)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/07/22/97001-20130722FILWWW00189-six-egyptiens-tues-dans-le-sinai.php
   "Six Égyptiens ont été tués et 11 blessés dans une dizaine d'attaques d'activistes dans le Sinaï près des frontières de l'Egypte avec Israël et la bande de Gaza. Les victimes, deux civils, deux militaires et deux policiers, ont été tuées dans la nuit de hier à aujourd'hui dans les deux principales villes du nord du Sinaï, Rafah et El Arich, lors d'attaques contre des commissariats de police et des points de contrôle de l'armée.
    Le Nord Sinaï sert de base aux islamistes radicaux qui ont accentué leurs attaques contre les forces de sécurité ces deux dernières années, profitant du vide laissé par le soulèvement populaire de 2011 qui a conduit au renversement du président de l'époque, Hosni Moubarak. Les violences se sont encore accentuées après le renversement du président islamiste Mohammed Morsi le 3 juillet. Depuis, plusieurs points de contrôle pour la sécurité été attaqués, ainsi que d'autres cibles, faisant au moins 20 morts."


Liban & Hezbollah

- UE : la branche armée du Hezbollah listée comme terroriste (AFP) - le ministre néerlandais : "Il est bon que l'UE ait décidé d'appeler le Hezbollah pour ce qu'il est : une organisation terroriste".
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/ue-branche-arm%C3%A9e-hezbollah-consid%C3%A9r%C3%A9e-terroriste-103256456.html
   "Les ministres européens des Affaires étrangères ont décidé lundi d'inscrire la branche armée du mouvement chiite libanais Hezbollah sur la liste des organisations terroristes de l'UE, a-t-on appris de sources diplomatiques. Les ministres, réunis à Bruxelles, ont cependant affirmé leur volonté de "poursuivre le dialogue" avec tous les partis politiques libanais, y compris le Hezbollah, qui joue un rôle de premier plan, a-t-on précisé de même source.
   "Il est bon que l'UE ait décidé d'appeler le Hezbollah pour ce qu'il est : une organisation terroriste", a confirmé le ministre néerlandais des Affaires étrangères, Frans Timmermans, dans un communiqué. "Nous avons franchi une étape importante aujourd'hui en sanctionnant la branche militaire, en gelant ses actifs, en perturbant son financement et ainsi en limitant sa capacité à agir", a-t-il ajouté.
    La décision des ministres - un accord politique qui doit être transcrit juridiquement pour entrer en application - repose sur les "preuves" que la branche armée du Hezbollah est liée à des actes terroristes perpétrés sur le territoire européen. Il s'agit essentiellement de l'attentat qui avait fait sept morts, dont cinq Israéliens, à Bourgas en Bulgarie le 18 juillet 2012. [...]"

- Hezbollah : Israël salue l'annonce de l'UE (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/07/22/97001-20130722FILWWW00306-hezbollah-israel-salue-l-annonce-de-l-ue.php
   "La ministre israélienne de la Justice Tzipi Livni a salué aujourd'hui l'inscription par l'Union européenne de la branche armée du Hezbollah sur sa liste noire. "Finalement, après des années de délibérations, l'affirmation selon laquelle le Hezbollah est un parti politique légitime a à juste titre échoué. Maintenant il est clair pour le monde entier que le Hezbollah est une organisation terroriste", a affirmé Tzipi Livni. [...]"
- Netanyahu: Hezbollah political wing should be included in EU blacklist (JP)
http://www.jpost.com/Diplomacy-and-Politics/Peres-praises-EU-blacklisting-of-Hezbollah-military-wing-320650
   "Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu on Monday welcomed the European Union’s decision to include Hezbollah’s military wing on its list of terrorist organizations, though stated that Israel did not view any distinction between the organization's armed and political wings. "As far as the State of Israel is concerned, Hezbollah is one organization, the arms of which are indistinguishable," Netanyahu said in a statement.
    He added that Hezbollah "has imposed terrorist rule on wide sections of Lebanon, has converted them into an Iranian protectorate and is stockpiling tens of thousands of rockets there. These have been placed in the heart of civilian populations and are designed to be fired at population centers in Israel." The premier thanked the leaders of the EU's 28 member states and expressed his hope that the decision would lead to "tangible steps against the organization". [...]"

- Hezbollah : "Israël a plié l'UE à sa volonté" (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/07/22/97001-20130722FILWWW00453-hezbollah-israel-a-plie-l-ue-a-sa-volonte.php
   "[...] "Israël a plié l'Union européenne à sa volonté en inscrivant le Hezbollah à liste noire de l'Union européenne", a indiqué Al-Manar dans son journal télévisé du soir, accusant la Grande-Bretagne d'être "à la tête de la campagne" contre le parti, bête noire de l'Etat hébreu. [...]"


Iran

- Iran opposes Israeli-Palestinian peace talks (AFP)
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4407812,00.html
   "[...] Tehran "along with Palestinian groups expresses its opposition to the proposed plan and it's certain that the occupying Zionist regime will utterly not agree to withdraw from the occupied lands," Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Araqchi said, quoted by Iranian media. "Past experience shows that the occupying Zionist regime is basically not ready to pay the price for peace since war mongering and occupation lie at its very core," he added. [...]"

- Hezbollah/UE : "décision erronée" selon l'Iran (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/07/23/97001-20130723FILWWW00233-hezbollahue-decision-erronee-iran.php
   "L'Iran a dénoncé la décision de l'Union européenne (UE) d'inscrire le Hezbollah libanais sur sa liste des organisations terroristes, estimant qu'elle répondait aux "intérêts sionistes". L'Iran "dénonce vivement la décision (de l'UE) et estime qu'elle s'inscrit dans le cadre des intérêts illégitimes du régime sioniste", en référence à Israël, ennemi juré de la République islamique, a déclaré le chef de la diplomatie iranienne Ali Akbar Salehi. "Du fait d'un manque de jugement correct sur la crise dans la région, l'Union européenne a pris une décision erronée contre le peuple libanais et le Hezbollah, qui a défendu le pays contre les agressions sionistes", a ajouté le ministre. [...]"


Europe

- Germany backs away from EU settlement directives, Benjamin Weinthal (JP)
http://www.jpost.com/International/Germany-backs-away-from-EU-settlement-directives-320469
   "Germany distances itself from the "controversial European Union guidelines" banning cooperation with Israeli entities beyond the Green Line, a foreign policy spokesman in the Bundestag announced on Friday. In a statement issued by MP Philipp Missfedler, the Bundestag spokesman for German chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union party and its coalition partner the Bavarian Christian Social Union, he stated the guidelines are “pure ideology and symbolic politics” and will not contribute to finding a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Missfelder stated it is encouraging that the Federal Government has moved away from the new EU directives, which declared that from January 1 2014, Israeli projects in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, east Jerusalem and the Golan Heights will no longer be given European Union financial backing.
    He added that the European regulations are not “objective requirements” because over the last seven years of the approximately 800 million Euros of financial aid from Brussels to Israel, only 0.5% was funneled into projects covering the disputed territories. “Israel is the recognized administrative power in the territories without which approved development projects like solar energy or sewage works could not be installed," Missfelder stated. He continued that an implementation of the new EU guidelines could mean an “end of research cooperation with the Hebrew University in Jerusalem because some of their academics have an address in East Jerusalem."
    It is unclear if the German position will reverse the EU action and lead to backtracking among other countries within the 28 member EU body. [...]"

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