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25 décembre 2014 4 25 /12 /décembre /2014 10:59
France

- Avec l’ultimatum français, les votes de l’UE sur la Palestine s’accélèrent (Times of Israel)
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/avec-lultimatum-francais-les-votes-de-lue-sur-la-palestine-prennent-de-la-vitesse/
   "[...] Dans la période qui a précédé le vote du Parlement français exhortant le gouvernement à reconnaître la Palestine (le 2 décembre), le ministre des Affaires étrangères Laurent Fabius a annoncé un délai de deux ans pour parvenir à un résultat dans les négociations de paix, un délai au-delà duquel la France reconnaîtrait l’Etat palestinien.
    Au cours des dernières semaines, Fabius a défendu l’initiative dans des négociations avec d’autres Etats membres de l’Union européenne. « Nous ne voulons pas d’une reconnaissance symbolique d’un Etat virtuel », a déclaré Fabius le 28 novembre, quelques jours avant le vote. « Nous voulons un véritable Etat palestinien. » Israël a longtemps souffert de l’opinion publique à travers l’Europe, et a dû lutter contre les appels de boycott sur les marchandises produites dans les implantations.
    Depuis octobre, des signes montrent que les gouvernements souhaitent légiférer leurs points de vue. Le vote français suit des mesures similaires prises par les parlements de Grande-Bretagne, Espagne, Portugal, Irlande et Suède. Le Danemark et la Slovénie doivent bientôt se prononcer. La semaine dernière, le Parlement européen a voté la reconnaissance « de principe » d’un Etat palestinien et appelé à une avancée des pourparlers de paix. Quelques heures plus tard, 126 pays réunis à Genève lors d’un sommet organisé par le gouvernement suisse ont condamné « l’occupation » des terres palestiniennes. [...]"

- Dijon : «Il ne s'agit pas d'un acte terroriste» selon la procureure (AFP) - "Il dit avoir agi "volontairement" et "seul", en pensant à la souffrance des enfants de Palestine et de Tchétchénie, a-t-elle encore indiqué".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/12/22/97001-20141222FILWWW00180-dijon-il-ne-s-agit-pas-d-un-acte-terroriste-selon-la-procureure.php
   "L'attaque en voiture qui a eu lieu hier à Dijon n'est "pas un acte terroriste", son auteur souffre de "pathologie psychiatrique", affirme la procureure. Le conducteur de la voiture qui a foncé sur des passants hier soir à Dijon blessant treize personnes, a une "pathologie psychiatrique ancienne et lourde" pour laquelle il a fait "157 passages en unité psychiatrique", a ajouté la procureure de la République Marie-Christine Tarare. Il dit avoir agi "volontairement" et "seul", en pensant à la souffrance des enfants de Palestine et de Tchétchénie, a-t-elle encore indiqué."

- Reconnaître la Palestine ? (Emission "Répliques" de France Culture, 20 décembre, Audio 52 minutes) - Alain Finkielkraut reçoit Pierre Lellouche (député UMP, conseiller de Paris et ancien secrétaire d’Etat) pour le camp du non, et François Loncle (ancien secrétaire d’Etat, député PS de l’Eure) pour le camp du oui.
http://www.franceculture.fr/emission-repliques-reconnaitre-la-palestine-2014-12-20


Gaza & Hamas

- Un soldat de Tsahal sérieusement blessé dans un incident à la frontière de Gaza (Times of Israel)
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/les-soldats-de-tsahal-sous-des-tirs-a-la-frontiere-de-gaza/
   "Des Palestiniens ont ouvert le feu sur une patrouille israélienne, mercredi en fin de matinée, le long de la bande sud de Gaza, selon l’armée israélienne. Un soldat bédouin du bataillon de reconnaissance a été touché à la poitrine et grièvement blessé. Il a été évacué vers un hôpital, a révélé l’armée israélienne. La patrouille opérait sur le côté israélien de la frontière près du kibboutz Kissufim quand elle a été prise pour cible par des snipers et des mitrailleuses. [...]"
- Gaza : raid israélien après des tirs de snipers (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/12/24/97001-20141224FILWWW00069-gaza-raid-israelien-apres-des-tirs-de-snipers.php
   "[...] L'armée israélienne a confirmé avoir mené un raid aérien et dirigé des tirs de char blindé sur la zone située à l'est de Khan Younès après des tirs de snipers contre ses soldats, qui patrouillaient du côté israélien de la frontière. "En réponse à une attaque contre nos forces qui se trouvaient à l'est de la barrière dans le sud de la bande de Gaza, nous avons immédiatement attaqué les cibles concernées. Il y a eu un raid aérien et des tirs depuis un char blindé", a indiqué l'armée dans un communiqué. [...]"
- Gaza : un ["activiste du Hamas"] tué par des tirs israéliens (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/12/24/97001-20141224FILWWW00062-gaza-un-palestinien-tue-par-des-tirs-israeliens.php
   "Un activiste du Hamas a été tué aujourd'hui par des tirs israéliens à l'est de Khan Younès, dans le sud de la bande de Gaza, ont indiqué des sources médicales et du mouvement islamiste. "Tayseer al-Ismary, âgé de 33 ans, a été tué par des tirs israéliens", ont indiqué des sources médicales. Une source au sein du mouvement islamiste Hamas a précisé qu'il appartenait à la branche militaire du mouvement, les brigades Ezzedine al-Qassam."

- When deterrence deteriorates – shoot fiercely, Ron Ben-Yishai (Ynet) - "Exchange of fire on Gaza border was not accidental; Hamas prepared for it ahead of time and is using Israel as a lever to create pressure to speed up the reconstruction of Gaza. IDF understands this and is trying to respond firmly. Meanwhile, Hamas' military wing is quickly preparing for next conflict".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4607574,00.html
- Egypt strangles Gaza, but Israel gets the flack, Amos Harel (Haaretz) - "With no real accomplishment to justify the suffering of Gazans over the summer, Hamas may feel it has little to lose. The election campaign may also dictate the Israeli response".
http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.633613
   "The Palestinians have broken the cease-fire in the south twice over the past week. While Hamas’ reasons for these acts may be clear, Israel’s reaction is hard to predict since political considerations may come into play. [...]" (suite payante)

- Footage reveals Hamas rebuilding military positions (Ynet) - "Residents of Netiv HaAsara, near northern Gaza, say Islamist terror group has been fortifying positions, conducting observation of IDF patrols".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4607489,00.html

- Gaza at year end, Elliott Abrams (senior fellow for Middle East Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations) - "There ‎are many newspaper stories about the awful situation in Gaza, but very few point out what ‎Politico did: that Israel is playing a positive and humane role in Gaza reconstruction, while ‎the top Palestinian "leaders" in both the PA and Hamas jockey for money, power, and ‎advantage and don't seem to care much about the people they claim to represent".
http://www.israelhayom.com/site/newsletter_opinion.php?id=11015
   "At the end of last summer's war between Israel and Hamas, all sorts of pledges were made ‎about rebuilding Gaza. Hamas in particular claimed victory because it had broken the "siege ‎of Gaza" and now all Gazans would benefit.‎ This was nonsense, and clearly so back then. It was obvious from previous experience that ‎goods would not flow easily into Hamas-controlled territory, especially with Egypt smashing ‎the network of smuggling tunnels between Gaza and Sinai.‎ What is the reality at year end? This is from the Saudi Gazette:‎
   "Two months after donors pledged $5.4 billion to help rebuild Gaza after the war between ‎Israel and Hamas, Palestinian, U.N. and other officials say barely 2 percent of the money has ‎been transferred. The conference in Cairo had been hailed as a success, with Qatar ‎promising $1 billion, Saudi Arabia $500 million and the United States and the European ‎Union a combined $780 million in various forms of assistance. Half was expected to go to ‎rebuilding houses and infrastructure in Gaza destroyed during seven weeks of fighting, and ‎the rest to support the Palestinian budget. But of the total, only $100 million or so has been ‎received, according to U.N. and other officials. While the EU and the United States have ‎accelerated some funding that was already in the pipeline, very few new pledges have come ‎to fruition.‎"
    Who is to blame? Donors who have not met their pledges, to start.‎ Then add the Palestinian Authority and Hamas, fighting over power and uninterested in the ‎actual welfare of the people of Gaza. This is from Politico:‎
   "The Gazan population is growing increasingly agitated as conditions in the territory worsen, ‎and all because of the continued standoff between Hamas and Fatah over Palestinian ‎reconciliation. This was the deal that ended the fighting in late August -- reconciliation as a ‎precondition to reconstruction -- and the deal that all the relevant parties -- Hamas, Israel, ‎the PA, Egypt, as well as the United Nations -- ostensibly agreed to. Seven years of Hamas ‎control over Gaza would be gradually replaced by the Fatah-dominated PA, billions of ‎dollars in donor aid would flow in, and the Gazan people would be liberated from the ‎continued rule of an internationally designated terrorist organization (and the continued ‎need for an Israeli and Egyptian blockade around the territory). Or at least that was the ‎idea. But all these plans are on hold as Hamas and the PA engage in a game of political ‎chicken, staring each other down.‎"
    Who is not to blame? Israel, it seems. More from Politico:‎
   "Perhaps even more surprising is that Israel, of all the parties involved, has shown the ‎greatest degree of flexibility towards a Gaza Strip still ruled by Hamas. In addition to ‎acquiescing to the salary payments, Israel has begun easing restrictions on construction ‎materials and other goods entering the territory, and on certain products (fish, cucumbers) ‎and people exiting. Israel has given its consent to an elaborate U.N.-led inspection ‎mechanism for reconstruction, which as mentioned has not yet begun in earnest due to the ‎lack of a PA presence on the ground. 'I can't say that it's because of Israel that there has ‎been no movement [on reconstruction] at present,' the senior U.N. official said, a sentiment ‎shared by several other foreign diplomats I spoke to in Jerusalem.‎"
    Actually this should not be "surprising" to anyone. Israel has no interest in immiserating the ‎people of Gaza, but solely in protecting its own security.‎
    A final note: How much credit has Israel gotten for this? None, as was predictable. There ‎are many newspaper stories about the awful situation in Gaza, but very few point out what ‎Politico did: that Israel is playing a positive and humane role in Gaza reconstruction, while ‎the top Palestinian "leaders" in both the PA and Hamas jockey for money, power, and ‎advantage and don't seem to care much about the people they claim to represent. And as ‎the Europeans debate BDS resolutions and recognition of a Palestinian state, the actual ‎facts about Gaza never even cross their minds. For all too many politicians in Europe, ‎Palestine and Palestinians aren't a real cause anyway: Their real motivation is to attack ‎Israel. Facts that get in the way are easily ignored.‎"

- Reading between the lines in AFP "Christmas in Gaza" story (Elder of Ziyon)
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2014/12/reading-between-lines-in-afp-christmas.html
   "From AFP:
   "For most of Gaza's tiny community of some 3,500 Christians, 85 percent of whom are Greek Orthodox, they must make do with celebrating at home after failing to obtain the small slip of paper issued by Israel which would have allowed them to leave the enclave and travel the 70 kilometres (43 miles) to Bethlehem.
    Abdullah Jakhan is one of them. He and his fiancee Janet applied to celebrate Christmas in Bethlehem, but they were both turned down. Now they will have to make do in Gaza. Just four months after the end of the war, it would be inappropriate to engage in too much celebration, Jakhan says. "We want a joyful celebration, but the blood of the martyrs which flowed during the war is still fresh. Because of this we can't be completely happy," he tells AFP."

    Somehow, the memory of the "blood of the martyrs" didn't stop Hamas from holding a huge anniversary celebration.
    This is the tenor for most of the article. Then, at the very end:
   "But other concerns also feature at the top of their prayer list. George, 38, who prefers not to give his family name, is praying for an end to Islamic extremism and attacks on Christians. "Even if there aren't many of them, like those in the Islamic State movement, they don't want us to celebrate our Christian feasts," he says. "And they wouldn't hesitate to attack us, as they have already done," he adds, referring to an incident in February when unidentified attackers left an explosive device inside the compound of the Church of the Latin Convent in Gaza City."
    AFP wrote an anti-Israel piece where they threw in some information about how Hamas isn't very Christian-friendly as a lame attempt at "balance." But note that the people who blame Israel are quite proud to use their names, while those who want to talk about how Hamas and Muslim extremists are singling out Christians for persecution refuse to bw identified.
    Which means that when Gazans speak to reporters, they will overwhelmingly say only things that Hamas wants them to say. And the coverage will reflect that, as it does in this story. Any journalist who doesn't try to compensate for this simple fact when reporting from Gaza, and instead allows Hamas intimidation to drive the focus of his or her stories, is not a journalist." [NB : dans la version française de l'article de l'AFP à laquelle j'avais eu accès, il n'y avait même pas ce dernier paragraphe génant pour le Hamas.]

- Fake "Child Victim" of the Day (Elder of Ziyon) - "Muhannad al-Qarra was, of course, considered one of the "children" killed mercilessly by Israel during the war. It turns out that he was an Islamic Jihad terrorist, whose obituary was just published. In that obituary we find that he eagerly became a member of Islamic Jihad's Saraya Brigades even though he was under 18. His family had many mujahadeen members. During the war al Qarra transported weapons to the terrorists in different areas of Gaza. His brother Mohammed reminisces how much Muhannad would talk about ejecting all the Jews from the land".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2014/12/fake-child-victim-of-day.html


Judée-Samarie

- Terror attack thwarted: 4 Palestinians carrying pipe bombs arrested (Ynet) - "Israeli security personnel stop Jenin residents from committing attack on soldiers; suspects confess at scene".
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4607444,00.html


"Processus de paix"

- Palestiniens/ONU : la mise en garde d'Abbas (AFP) - Abbas : "Nous sommes déterminés à recouvrer les droits de notre peuple, y compris le droit au retour et la libération de tous les prisonniers palestiniens détenus dans les geôles israéliennes. Nous ne cèderons pas à la politique d'hégémonie et d'oppression israélienne".
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2014/12/23/97001-20141223FILWWW00193-palestiniensonu-la-mise-en-garde-d-abbas.php
   "Le président de l'autorité palestinienne Mahmoud Abbas a affirmé aujourd'hui à Alger qu'en cas d'échec du projet de résolution soumis par les Palestiniens à l'ONU ils "ne traiteront plus" avec le gouvernement israélien, selon l'agence APS. "Si le projet arabo-palestinien soumis au Conseil de sécurité pour mettre fin à l'occupation ne passe pas, nous serons contraints de prendre les décisions politiques et légales nécessaires", a déclaré Mahmoud Abbas. "En cas d'échec, nous ne traiterons plus avec le gouvernement israélien qui se verra, alors, contraint d'assumer ses responsabilités, en tant qu'occupant", a-t-il menacé. [...]
   "Nous sommes déterminés à recouvrer les droits de notre peuple, y compris le droit au retour et la libération de tous les prisonniers palestiniens détenus dans les geôles israéliennes. Nous ne cèderons pas à la politique d'hégémonie et d'oppression israélienne", a souligné le président palestinien. "La Palestine finira pas arracher son indépendance et s'imposer en tant qu'Etat indépendant ayant Jérusalem pour capitale", a ajouté Mahmoud Abbas précisant que "la cause palestinienne est à la fois la clé de la paix et de la guerre au Proche-Orient". [...]"

- Jailed Palestinian leader blasts UN statehood bid (Times of Israel) - "The senior Fatah leader [Marwan Barghouti] said any mention of land swaps with Israel must be removed"; "Barghouti also said the Palestinian prisoners issue should take central place in the document".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/jailed-palestinian-leader-blasts-un-statehood-bid/
- Le Hamas rejette la résolution palestinienne à l’ONU (Times of Israel) - "Le porte-parole du Hamas à Gaza, Sami Abu Zuhri, a appelé l’Autorité palestinienne à retirer le projet de résolution, affirmant qu’il « ne représente pas un consensus au sein du peuple palestinien », rapporte Ynet. Le Front Démocratique pour la Libération de la Palestine (FDLP), d’orientation marxiste-léniniste a également exhorté l’AP à « retirer immédiatement » le projet de résolution".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/le-hamas-rejette-la-resolution-palestinienne-a-lonu/
- Hamas rejects PA statehood bid at the UN, Khaled Abu Toameh (JP) - "Abbas critics argue that the draft resolution, which calls for an Israeli withdrawal to the pre-1967 lines and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state with east Jerusalem as its capital, does not meet the political aspirations of the Palestinians".
http://www.jpost.com/Arab-Israeli-Conflict/Hamas-rejects-PA-statehood-bid-at-the-UN-385546

- A ‘very good question’ in Mideast conflict, Jeff Robbins (The Boston Globe) - "The Palestinians’ argument that UN intervention is necessary because they cannot otherwise obtain a state represents a dearly-held narrative that has been adopted wholesale in certain quarters. Sadly, however, it is a narrative that is tough to square with what has actually occurred".
http://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2014/12/22/very-good-question-mideast-conflict/VIHhx95YR5bK4C4wWYrGRL/story.html
   "At a panel on the Mideast conflict two years ago, then-Representative Barney Frank asked the late Leonard Fein, a left-leaning critic of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, why it was that if the Palestinians truly desired a two-state solution, they had continued to reject Israeli offers of a Palestinian state in return for peace. “That,” replied Fein, “is a very good question.”
    With the Palestinians’ decision to enlist the United Nations to impose terms on the Israelis despite objections by the United States, the question remains not only a very good one, but the proverbial elephant in the room. Why, indeed, is it that the Palestinians rejected Israel’s offer for an independent Palestinian state comprised of virtually all of the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and a capital in East Jerusalem in 2000, in 2001, and then again in 2008? After all, acceptance of any of those peace deals would have resulted not just in an end to the settlement construction that the Palestinians assert is the obstacle to peace, but the evacuation of tens of thousands of Israelis from the West Bank. What inference is a reasonable person to draw from that rejection?
    In his memoir, former President Bill Clinton described Yasser Arafat’s rejection of the Palestinian state offered by the Israelis at the end of his second term as tragic. In her memoir, former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice describes the even more favorable offer made by Israel in 2008, and the high hopes that the United States had that, at long last, the Palestinians would accept the state that had been offered them in return for peace. “In the end,” Rice writes, “the Palestinians walked away from the negotiations. . . . Had [Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas] expressed a willingness to accept the extraordinary terms he’d been offered, it might have been a turning point in the history of the intractable conflict.”
    The answer to the “very good question” posed by Frank, and the reasonable inference to be drawn from the history of Palestinian rejectionism, is not a particularly happy one. It is that Israel’s proposals for an independent Palestinian state have come with a condition that the Palestinian leadership has regarded as a deal-breaker: a permanent end of the conflict, and a commitment to accept Israel’s existence. By contrast, the Security Council end-game sought by the Palestinians is an end-run around any such condition; it would impose on the Palestinians no obligation to end the dispute.
    This is not by chance. As Abbas knows, the Palestinian street opposes any end of conflict with Israel that fails to bring about its disappearance. Even before the summer’s war between Israel and Hamas, a public opinion poll showed that fewer than 30 percent of Palestinians supported a two-state solution — a West Bank/Gaza state living in lasting peace with Israel. Almost two-thirds told pollsters that “resistance should continue until all of historic Palestine is liberated.” And this past September, 80 percent of Palestinians polled said that Hamas should continue to fire rockets at Israel, with Hamas, recognized by the United States as a terrorist enterprise, receiving an 88 percent approval rating, compared with only 36 percent approving the considerably more moderate Palestinian Authority government led by Abbas.
    None of this is new, and none of it comes as a surprise. In May 2009, not long after spurning the “extraordinary terms” described by Rice, Abbas told the Washington Post that he was in no hurry to make peace with the Israelis, and that he refused even to negotiate with them. Rather, Abbas preferred to wait, hoping that international pressure on Israel would force it to capitulate without any corresponding obligation on the Palestinians’ part to agree to live in peace. “Until then,” Abbas told the Post, “in the West Bank we have a good reality . . . the people are living a normal life.”
    The Palestinians’ argument that UN intervention is necessary because they cannot otherwise obtain a state represents a dearly-held narrative that has been adopted wholesale in certain quarters. Sadly, however, it is a narrative that is tough to square with what has actually occurred."

- PA and Fatah: “Jaffa, Acre, Haifa, and Nazareth are ours”‎ (PMW) - voir vidéo ici.
http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=157&doc_id=13512
   "The Palestinian Authority and Fatah continue to deny Israel's right to exist and present Israeli cities as "Palestinian." Recently, Fatah Central Committee member Tawfiq Tirawi emphasized on Lebanese TV that "Haifa, Jaffa, Acre and Nazareth are Palestinian," and this "despite" the opinions of "the Americans and the Israelis". Fatah Central Committee member, Tawfiq Tirawi: "Don't you dare think there is even a single Palestinian, whether he supports the two-state solution or another path, who would agree to these settlements being part of Israel, and that Haifa, Jaffa and Acre are not Palestinian. No. Haifa, Jaffa, Acre and Nazareth are Palestinian, despite the Americans and the Israelis." [Al-Mayadeen TV (Lebanon), Dec. 14, 2014; posted on Tirawi's Facebook page] Click to view [...]"


Jordanie

- Jordanian Fatwa Department condemns sheikh who said Jews should worship on Temple Mount (Elder of Ziyon) - "It stressed that the entire Temple Mount and surrounding area (including, of course, the Western Wall and its plaza) were all equally sacred to Muslims and all considered to be part of the Al Aqsa Mosque complex".
http://elderofziyon.blogspot.fr/2014/12/jordanian-fatwa-department-condemns.html


Histoire

- Menahem Begin considéré comme un terroriste dans « Homeland » (Times of Israel) - « Lors de l’incident [de l'hôtel King David en 1946], au cours duquel Begin n’était pas physiquement présent, trois avertissements avaient été donnés aux autorités britanniques mandataires afin d’évacuer les lieux ».
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/menahem-begin-considere-comme-un-terroriste-dans-homeland/
   "Le dernier épisode de la quatrième saison de la série télévisée Homeland vient de soulever une vive polémique en Israël. Lors d’une conversation entre un agent américain et l’ancien directeur de la CIA Saul Berenson, un chef taliban « fictif » Haissam Haqqani, responsable de la mort de 36 Américains est comparé à l’ancien Premier ministre, Menahem Begin, accusé en son temps d’avoir tué 91 soldats britanniques lors d’un attentat à l’hôtel King David. En 1946, une explosion a eu lieu dans cet hôtel de Jérusalem et fût attribuée au groupe israélien l’Irgoun (connu sous le nom Etzel en Israël) alors dirigé par Menahem Begin.
    Herzl Makov, en charge du Menahem Begin Heritage Center situé à Jérusalem a vivement critiqué cette comparaison : « nous allons demander des explications pour ce qui représente une véritable calomnie contre Menahem Begin et Israël. » rapporte le site d’information israélien Ynet. « Lors de l’incident, au cours duquel Begin n’était pas physiquement présent, trois avertissements avaient été donnés aux autorités britanniques mandataires afin d’évacuer les lieux ». L’hôtel ne fût pas évacué et 91 personnes y trouvèrent la mort, des Britanniques, des Arabes et des Juifs.
   « Cette analogie est particulièrement irritante lorsque l’on sait que ‘Homeland’ est l’adaptation d’une série israélienne mettant en scène des prisonniers de guerre israéliens [Hatufim] », a ajouté Makov. Dans la série, le taliban Haqqani dirige une attaque contre l’ambassade américaine à Islamabad, au Pakistan et se révèle être personnellement responsable du meurtre de certains employés de l’institution. Contacté par Ynet, Gideon Raff, créateur de la série israélienne Hatufim et impliqué dans la série américaine Homeland n’a pas fait de commentaires."

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