- Taddeï : Le principe de reality, Guillaume Erner (Causeur) - "la « règle de Taddeï » pourrait presque passer pour une variation autour du « principe de Godard ». Pour le cinéaste, l’objectivité à la télévision, c’était 10 minutes pour les juifs, 10 minutes pour Hitler".
"On connaissait le « théorème de Desproges » : « On peut rire de tout mais pas avec n’importe qui. » On a découvert la « règle de Taddeï » : « On peut débattre de tout et avec n’importe qui. » Un axiome dénoncé par Patrick Cohen – le matinalier de France Inter – lors du passage de Frédéric Taddeï dans « C à vous » sur France 5. Pour Cohen, pas question d’inviter ces quelques électrons radicaux qui ont leur rond de serviette à « Ce soir (ou jamais !) » et nulle part ailleurs. Ils s’appellent Marc-Édouard Nabe, Alain Soral ou bien encore Jean Robin, pourfendeur de ce qu’il appelle la « judéomanie ». Au-delà de leurs idiosyncrasies respectives, ces infréquentables partagent quelques obsessions : une vision racialisante du monde, un conspirationnisme tranquille et un même refus, disons, de la « judéomanie ».
Pour Causeur, la controverse Taddeï-Cohen est un nouvel épisode du combat entre la liberté et ses ennemis1. De quel droit refuser, par principe, d’inviter des auteurs aux opinions hétérodoxes ? Aucun d’entre eux ne s’est lancé, au cours d’un « CSOJ », dans une apologie du IIIe Reich. Alors comme cela, on n’aurait plus le droit de critiquer Israël ? Car les temps ont changé : désormais, c’est l’extrême droite qui défend la liberté d’expression.
Du coup, la « règle de Taddeï » pourrait presque passer pour une variation autour du « principe de Godard ». Pour le cinéaste, l’objectivité à la télévision, c’était 10 minutes pour les juifs, 10 minutes pour Hitler. Eh bien on pourrait dire, en forçant le trait, que pour l’animateur, un débat, c’est 50 % de juifs, 50 % de nazis, comme si le choc d’antagonismes irréconciliables permettait par miracle de dessiner une voie moyenne empreinte de sagesse. Mais précisément, un vrai débat impose un tout autre dispositif. [...]" (suite payante)
- Reprise des négociations - Commentaires du jour sur Le Monde.fr :
- TOLSTOI (28/07/2013 - 22h54)
"Quel dialogue ? La reprise de la colonisation pendant que l'on discute à Washington ... Comme d'habitude ... Israël colonise et les Palstetiniens sont victimes d'un nettoyage ethnique ..."
- AD (29/07/2013 - 08h18)
"Les Palestiniens reprennent les négociations avec un pistolet Américain sur la tempe. Pendant ce temps, Nétahanyou poursuit le dépeçage de ce qu'il reste de la Palestine. Pour l'Amérique il faut garder le statut quo. La comédie reprends, l'important est de faire semblant aux yeux du monde, la paix, la vraie, n'est pas pour demain, mais de ça tout le monde se fout..."
- Sylvaner (29/07/2013 - 08h53)
"Encore des négociations ridicules et humiliantes pour les palestiniens qui n'aboutirons à rien, à part gagner un peu de temps pour continuer la colonisation en toute bonne conscience... Le dialogue ne sert à rien avec les israéliens, le droit international, ils s'assoient dessus... et après on s'étonne que le Hamas gagne des points... ce qui permet de justifier toujours plus de colonisation, d'arrestations d'humiliations, de destructions. Tous cela est d'un cynisme... écœurant..."
"Processus de paix"
- Reprise des pourparlers israélo-palestiniens lundi à Washington (Reuters)
"La reprise des négociations de paix entre Palestiniens et Israéliens suspendues depuis près de trois ans devraient reprendre à partir de lundi soir à Washington, annoncent un haut responsable palestinien et le département d'Etat américain. [...] Des négociateurs israéliens s'apprêtaient dimanche soir à s'envoler pour la capitale fédérale américaine, a dit à Reuters un responsable gouvernemental. La chaîne israélienne Channel 2 a précisé qu'une réunion informelle devait avoir lieu lundi et que des négociations officielles sont prévues pour débuter mardi. De son côté, le département d'Etat américain a confirmé que les négociateurs israéliens et palestiniens étaient invités à une reprise du dialogue lundi et mardi à Washington. [...]"
- Le cabinet israélien va envisager de libérer des détenus arabes israéliens (Reuters) - la décision est devenue officielle dimanche.
"Le gouvernement israélien devrait donner dimanche son accord de principe à la libération de plus de 100 prisonniers arabes détenus en Israël, afin d'améliorer les perspectives des discussions prévues avec les Palestiniens la semaine prochaine à Washington. [...] Le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu a demandé samedi aux Israéliens de le soutenir dans ce qu'il appelle une "décision très difficile". "Les chefs de gouvernement doivent de temps à autre prendre des décisions qui vont à l'encontre de l'opinion publique, lorsque c'est important pour le pays", a expliqué Netanyahu.
Il laisse par ailleurs entendre que libérer ces prisonniers sera une façon de tester les véritables intentions des Palestiniens, car, dit-il, Israël "verra dans les mois à venir si nous avons affaire à des Palestiniens qui veulent, comme nous, une fin véritable au conflit qui nous oppose". Le gouvernement devrait d'autre part mandater Benjamin Netanyahu pour diriger une équipe de quatre ministres chargés de décider quels Arabes, sur un total de plusieurs milliers détenus par les Israéliens, seront remis en liberté.
Le ministre israélien de l'Energie, Silvan Shalom, a déclaré que la reprise des pourparlers pourrait intervenir à partir du 30 juillet. Il a estimé vendredi que libérer des prisonniers qui ont "du sang sur les mains" était "une mesure difficile, mais il faut replacer cela dans un cadre plus large, qui est la reprise des négociations"."
- Report: Israel increases number of prisoners to be freed before talks start (JP) - "Decision comes after Palestinians threaten to scuttle talks".
"Israel has decided to raise the number of prisoners that it will release from 82 to 104 as a condition for the Palestinians to return to the negotiating table Israel Radio reported on Saturday. Israel increased the number of people to be freed after the Palestinians threatened that they would not return to the opening meeting of talks that is scheduled to take place next week in Washington according to the report that cited a source with knowledge of the negotiations. Some of the prisoners to be released were Israeli prisoners that in the past Israel had refused to free, according to the source. The decision to release Israeli prisoners as goodwill gestures to the Palestinians contravenes Israeli policy not to allow the Palestinian Authority to intervene in Israeli-Arab affairs, the report stressed. [...]"
- Controversial prisoner release takes heat from right, Asher Zeiger (Times of Israel) - "Hawkish politicians say move won’t bring peace, but Livni and Peri say the alternative was worse, and that convicts will only go free as talks make progress".
- On prisoners and peace talks, Haviv Rettig Gur (Times of Israel) - "It’s fashionable to say the government is beholden to the far right, but on the prisoner release vote, Netanyahu proved he could get his way with the entire right against him".
- PA welcomes Israeli decision to free Palestinian prisoners, vows to work for release of all inmates, Khaled Abu Toameh (JP) - "Palestinians say prisoner release "big achievment, long overdue"."
- On the Release List: Terrorists who Murdered Children, Maayana Miskin (Arutz 7) - "On the list are Mahmoud Salam Saliman Abu Harabish and Adam Ibrahim Juma'a-Juma'a, who in 1988 murdered 26-year-old schoolteacher Rachel Weiss, her three young children, and a young soldier".
- Bereaved families skewer Netanyahu for prisoner release plan (Times of Israel) - "Decision to free terrorists within framework of peace talks is ‘surrender,’ says statement that accuses PM of evasion and cowardice".
- Terror victims' families, Palestinian prisoner release a ‘black day’, Ariel Ben Solomon (JP)
- Female terrorists Dalal Mughrabi, Wafa Idris, and others are role models for students, on PA TV (Vidéo 51 secondes)
- Palestinian prisoner release - Here we go again, Herb Keinon (JP) - "Those who urged Israel to swallow the bitter pill of a prisoner release need to be no less persuasive in getting the Palestinians to tone down the hero worship expected to greet the release of the prisoners".
"We know the drill all too well. At the end of the day, with all the pain and agony that it entails, Israel will release Palestinian terrorists who murdered scores of innocent people. And these murderers will be hailed as heroes in Hebron and Ramallah and Jenin. Parades will be held in their honor, flowers thrown at the bus carrying them home, poems written about their "glorious" exploits. It's bad enough to free the terrorists, and that bad will be made even worse by the reception they will receive in the Palestinian Authority.
Some will argue, "What do you care about how they are received? Your terrorists are their freedom fighters." But we do care about how they are received. It matters. It sets tone and atmosphere. It says something about our peace making partners. It chips away at our confidence. Israel's release of the Palestinian prisoners will be trumpeted around the world as an Israeli "confidence building" measure. And that is part of the problem. The Palestinians, backed by the world, consistently demand that Israel build up their confidence. But how about Israeli confidence?
What is being done to rebuild an Israeli confidence trampled by the Second Intifada and stomped upon by the thousands of rockets that fell on Israel after it withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005. What are the Palestinians doing to convince Israelis that something fundamental has changed, and that they do want to live in peace and security next to Israel, not on top of it? Have they toned down the rhetoric? Have the rocks stopped being hurled at Israeli cars over the Green Line? Has a Palestinian version of Peace Now, perhaps funded by the EU, swept up the masses to push Palestinian society to an acceptance of Israel, and to press the PA government to drop its maximalist demands and return to talks? Have pro-peace rallies broken out throughout the West Bank?
Many in the world will laugh at the idea of having to build Israel's confidence, saying it is not for the weaker side -- the Palestinians –to build up the confidence of the stronger (Israel). But those making that argument are blind to Israel's reality.
The Second Intifada was a watershed moment for Israeli society. This was when a lack of physical security was brought home to every Israeli man, woman and child. It was when riding a bus in Jerusalem was more dangerous then patrolling along the Lebanese border. This was a trauma that has not been erased. Indeed it was compounded in 2005 when, after Israel's withdrew from Gaza, a million people in the south were forced to begin living in the insecurity of knowing that at any moment a primitive rocket could come crashing through the living room window. That type of reality – the mind-numbing terrorism of the Second Intifada and the insecurity born by living under the specter of rocket fire from Gaza – can just suck the confidence right out of you.
Senior US officials involved in the current diplomatic process are well aware, and empathetic, of Israel's security concern. Indeed, they often say that not only do they understand it, but they are trying to increase the average Israel's sense of security by funding Iron Dome and training Palestinian security officers. But this Israeli confidence cannot just be built up by anything the Americans do. It can help, but it is not enough. This confidence can only be built up by the Palestinians.
Only the Palestinians can give Israelis the feeling that something has changed, that this time something is different. Demanding the release of 100 murderers does not do the trick. What will make matters worse is to have these murderers then hailed again by the Palestinians as heroes. If the Palestinians are indeed serious about the upcoming round of talks, they need to make that apparent to the Israeli public. One way to do this is to not celebrate the release of terrorists who threw petrol bombs into busses and incinerated innocent men, women and children. [...]
Those in Washington and elsewhere who urged Israel to swallow the bitter pill of a prisoner release to re-start the diplomatic process need to be no less persuasive now in getting the Palestinians to tone down the hero worship expected to greet the release of the prisoners. Call it encouraging Palestinian confidence building measures."
- PM would give up 86% of West Bank, says deputy FM (Times of Israel)
"Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu would be prepared to relinquish 86 percent of the West Bank in a peace accord with the Palestinians, Israel’s deputy foreign minister said Friday. A report in Maariv quoted Ze’ev Elkin, a hawkish member of Netanyahu’s Likud party, saying that were the Palestinians to agree to the former prime minister Ariel Sharon’s vision of Israel retaining 14% of the West Bank to encompass major settlement blocs, and relinquishing the rest, “Netanyahu would go for it.” [...]
Netanyahu would agree “to a Palestinian state on 86% of the territory,” said Elkin, according to Maariv. The prime minister would not consent to the division of Jerusalem, Elkin added, “but Tzipi Livni would.” Livni, leader of the Hatnua party, will be heading Israel’s team to the negotiations.
However, Elkin, who opposes Palestinian statehood, went on to note that the Palestinians had rejected Ariel Sharon’s idea, and had always indicated that they insisted on attaining 100% of the West Bank, with very limited land swaps on a one-for-one basis, to enable Israel to maintain only what he called “settlement strings” rather than settlement blocs.
The Orthodox Elkin, who lives at the Kfar Eldad settlement in the Etzion Bloc south of Jerusalem, said that, thus far, “the Lord… has solved our problems via the Arabs. [Yasser] Arafat didn’t accept [former prime minister Ehud] Barak’s offers,” and Abbas didn’t accept former prime minister Ehud Olmert’s proposals, he said. “But if the Palestinians, heaven forbid, were to show flexibility and come toward us, we’d get a lousy deal… On the 86% of the territory they’d get, they would build a terror state… But the fact is that the Palestinians haven’t budged a millimeter” in their demands for 100% of the West Bank. [...]"
- The real preconditions for peace, Riccardo Dugulin (holds a Master degree from the Paris School of International Affairs (Sciences Po) and is specialized in International Security) - "A single and legitimate Palestinian political body needs to be identified, Arab states and societies need to accept the concept of peace, and the international community should move to stop the current demonization of Israel".
"As Secretary of State Kerry is maintaining his push for renewed negotiations between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Authority, attention is as always drawn to the presence or not of preconditions set by the Palestinians. These demands are in fact meant to precede the start of any substantial talk that may or may not lead to enhanced peace negotiations.
If there is absolutely no doubt that the questions relating to borders, Palestinian populations living in Arab countries, the status of Jerusalem and the development of housing and infrastructure projects in Judea and Samaria need to be fully addressed and answered clearly to make of any deal a lasting one, it is also absolutely true that these points are in no way the preconditions to peace, they are in fact the results of peace.
The term precondition literally signifies an element or an ensemble of elements which must be verified before the subsequent steps of a project can be achieved. The above mentioned points are not preconditions for peace, an agreement over them will in fact represent the main lines of what a peace deal would be between Israel and the Palestinians.
If these concerns are not to be considered as the natural preconditions for peace, it does not mean that there are none. In fact, in a region that has virtually known war for the last six decades, building peace, enhancing trust and maintaining the agreed upon terms necessitate an enormous preparatory effort which is instrumental for the success of any round of negotiations.
The real preconditions for peace between the Jewish State and the Palestinians can be defined as follows: A single and legitimate Palestinian political body needs to be identified, Arab states and societies need to accept the concept of peace, and the international community should move to stop the current demonization of Israel.
The first precondition that needs to be set, both by Israel and the Palestinians, covers the issue of the legitimacy of any negotiated deal. In fact, prior to any round of talks the Hamas leadership states that the Gaza-based movement will not recognize or accept any agreement which may result from the contacts between the government of Israel and Mahmoud Abbas. The weak PA president has little support inside his own territory and is certainly not able to stop any violent action undertaken by a well-armed and battle tested terrorist organization. As the international community pushes for a two-state solution, the lack of a single Palestinian interlocutor makes such a drive utterly unrealistic. The willingness by Hamas to wage war against Israel will continue to result, in the short and medium term, in Israel defensive operations.
This situation will not lead to a true peace between the two entities. For this, the first precondition consists in reconciliation between the PA and Hamas. It would be fundamental to have a common statement accepting the necessity for peace talks and a Palestinian united negotiating team able to govern and control Judea, Samaria as well as Gaza in order to be able to concretely provide Israel with security along its borders.
The second precondition that needs to be addressed is the real intention of the regional powers to live in a peace with Israel. Recent polls indicate the willingness by the Israeli population to recognize the need for peace. The same is needed from the Arab side. It is in fact true that the Arab societies’ view on the conflict highly influence the outcome of any negotiations. The roaring anti-Semitism alongside the continued vilifying of the Jewish State added to the inability by the majority of Arabs scholars and policy makers to undertake an objective and direct talk over the ongoing situation are all factors limiting the possibility of peace.
War hasn’t ceased in Europe because peace was imposed by political leaders or outside powers, but because the whole region understood the benefits of peace. A necessary precondition is then found in the need by Arab societies and their leaders to accept the presence and the nature of Israel in order to denounce any spoiler group which would use force at the expense of Israeli and Palestinian well-being.
The third precondition may appear as more general but should be regarded as essential. The PA and the overall Palestinian society relies heavily on the international society as governmental bodies, NGOs and exchange study programs are the backbone of the economic development and the social dynamism of the Palestinian society. For this it is necessary for any peace process to succeed in being supported by non-Arab and international associations and organizations. The network of pro-Palestinian campus based and intellectual foundations is doing more harm than good to peace as it lives on a rhetoric built upon a continuous war against Israel.
The self-entertained victimization myth of the Palestinians needs to give place to a concrete dialogue of shared interests. This can be done and incentivized by out-of-the region organizations as they craft and create a narrative which is then transmitted globally.
These preconditions are, as the term itself is meant to indicate, three points that must be in place prior to any negotiations meant to succeed. The acceptance of Israel as the Jewish State living in peace with its Palestinian and Arab neighbors must be made clear by a single Palestinian authority, supported by Arab States and pushed forward by the international community. Following this, a sincere negotiation over the pragmatic realities on the ground can start."
Gaza & Hamas
- Détention Morsi : le Hamas condamne (AFP)
"Le Hamas, au pouvoir à Gaza, a dénoncé aujourd'hui le placement en détention préventive du président égyptien destitué Mohammed Morsi par un tribunal du Caire pour collaboration présumée avec le mouvement palestinien sous le régime Moubarak. "Le Hamas condamne cette décision car elle est fondée sur le postulat que le mouvement Hamas est hostile", a déclaré un porte-parole du Hamas, Sami Abou Zouhri. "C'est un développement dangereux qui confirme que le pouvoir actuel en Egypte renonce aux causes nationales (...) allant même jusqu'à leur nuire, à commencer par la cause palestinienne", a-t-il déploré.
Un tribunal du Caire a ordonné le placement en détention du président islamiste destitué Mohammed Morsi pour complicité présumée dans des attaques imputées au Hamas palestinien et une évasion de prison début 2011, une décision condamnée par les Frères musulmans comme "un retour du régime Moubarak". [...]"
- Report: Hamas, Iran secretly met in Beirut to talk truce (JP) - "Sides discussed restoring ties".
- Hamas patches up ties with Hezbollah, Iran (Times of Israel) - "Two senior representatives of Gaza terror group meet with Shiite organization in Beirut".
- Hamas, spurned by Egypt, tries to get cozy with Iran again (Elder of Ziyon)
"Hamas spokesman Salah Bardawil, speaking to the Xinhua news agency, stated that Hamas is "ready and welcomes all forms of dialogue with Iran to strengthen relations between the two sides." Bardawil said that relations between Hamas and Iran "had not been interrupted at all" but he admitted that "they have become frosty since the crisis in Syria ... but we emphasize that Hamas does not want to drop relations with any Arab or Muslim party that supports the Palestinian cause." On Tuesday, Iranian foreign ministry spokesman Abbas Araghchi announced that Iran and Mahas we resolving issues that caused "misunderstandings" between them.
This comes after the Egyptian public, and army, have come out strongly against the Gaza-based Islamist group that enjoyed close ties with the Muslim Brotherhood. Hamas needs a new patron that can help it pay its bills, and tacitly backing Assad is apparently a price it is willing to pay - a move that will, if made public explicitly, cause some serious damage to Hamas' reputation in the larger Arab world. On the flip side, Iran has been having a hard time to position itself as the leader of the Muslim world when every major Sunni group bitterly opposes it. Hamas helps Iran as well.
It will be interesting to see if Khaled Meshal, Hamas "political" head who has been moving from country to country in search of a new permanent Hamas headquarters to replace Syria, will be on board with this."
- Gaza exports potatoes to Jordan via Israel (Elder of Ziyon) - "I have not seen any exports from Gaza into Egypt. Must be because of that Israeli siege"...
- Want Peace? Get Rid of Hamas, Jeffrey Goldberg (Bloomberg) - "there are concrete steps the U.S. could take to encourage the collapse of Hamas".
"[...] Both the Palestinian Authority and Israel see Hamas as a bitter enemy; both sides understand that Hamas is an impediment to peace talks. The end of Hamas's rule -- the Gaza Strip constituting about half of what would be a future Palestinian state -- could set the stage for actual, fruitful negotiations. Removing Hamas from power would be difficult, but not as difficult as it might have been a month ago, before the demise of Hamas's main benefactor, the Muslim Brotherhood, when Mohamed Mursi was ousted as president of Egypt.
As Hussein Ibish of the American Task Force on Palestine explains, Hamas is now more divided, hapless and isolated than it has been since its founding: "The new Egyptian government, and much of the public, take a decidedly dim view of Hamas," Ibish wrote recently. "They see it as conniving in the low-level, but extremely dangerous, insurgency in Sinai that greatly intensified after Morsi's overthrow. Hamas, and the Palestinians living under its misrule, have paid a heavy price for the Egyptian military counteroffensive against Sinai extremists. Egyptian forces reportedly killed 35 Hamas fighters and destroyed 850 smuggling tunnels. Fuel and other shortages, and a financial crisis, have consequently intensified in Gaza."
Jonathan Schanzer, of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, explained in a recent Foreign Policy post that Hamas's financial struggles are acute: "The downfall of the Muslim Brotherhood government in Egypt earlier this month has been widely described as a blow to Hamas and its de facto government in the Gaza Strip. But the real damage has been to the Islamist group's pocketbook. The Egyptian Army's ongoing operations against the subterranean tunnels connecting Egypt to the Gaza Strip, which have long served as key arteries for bulk cash smuggling, are wreaking havoc on Hamas's finances. One senior Israeli security official told me that, in the current environment, an additional reduction of 20 to 30 percent in Hamas' revenues could 'destroy' the movement."
Schanzer argues that there are concrete steps the U.S. could take to encourage the collapse of Hamas. The White House could lobby Hamas's remaining benefactors in Turkey and Qatar to trim their funding. If such lobbying failed, Congress could "pull strings to speed up delivery of or withhold the advanced weapons systems that both countries are eagerly awaiting, depending upon how the conversation goes. Turkey, for example, is expecting Sidewinder missiles and Chinook helicopters, and it would like to purchase Predator and Reaper drones. Qatar, for its part, is expecting delivery of Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasures (LAIRCM) Systems, and 500 Javelin-Guided Missiles."
Of course, the collapse of Hamas wouldn't mean instantaneous Palestinian Authority rule. But nothing at all will happen with Hamas in power.
There are more important matters in the Middle East right now than the resumption of peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians: The Syrian civil war, the turmoil in Egypt and Iran's continued march toward the nuclear threshold are three. But if Kerry insists on pushing negotiations, he might as well attempt to create conditions in which those negotiations could work. Breaking Hamas would be one way to try to achieve his goal."
- All quiet on the West Bank front, for now, Amos Harel (Haaretz) - "A new Israeli movie, 'Bethlehem,’ is a gripping drama set during the darkest days of the second intifada. Anyone watching it will hope those days never return, but the renewed peace talks will play a big role in determining that".
"The Israeli film Bethlehem, slated to compete at the upcoming Venice Film Festival, recreates a period that most Israelis would rather forget. Its plot is set deep in the days of the second Intifada, when suicide bombers blew themselves up in Jerusalem busses and on Tel Aviv streets on a weekly basis. [...]" (suite payante)
- Egypt's Brotherhood: Zionists destabilize Arab countries, Roi Kais (Ynet) - "Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Badie blames General al-Sisi for committing massacres 'the likes of which were only committed by bitter Zionist enemies,' insists 'Zionist fingers maneuver countries of Arab Spring so as to fulfill vision of Great Israel'."
- Egyptian MB leader says Jews behind all anti-Islamist actions worldwide (Elder of Ziyon) - "I gotta admit, I enjoy seeing these people freak out".
- Ghannouchi soutient qu’Israël est derrière… les manifestants tunisiens, Hatem Bourial (Webdo)
"Le leader des Nahdhaouis, Rached Ghannouchi, vient de se distinguer à nouveau en soutenant sur une télévision étrangère que c'était "l'entité sioniste" qui se cachait derrière les manifestants tunisiens, dans une "tentative de déstabiliser les printemps arabes". [...]"
- Le conflit armé colombien aurait fait 220 000 morts et 5,7 millions de déplacés, Marie Delcas (Le Monde) - "Rurale, cruelle, ignorée, la guerre civile colombienne dure depuis cinquante-cinq ans. Un bilan, encore provisoire, fait état de 220 000 morts, de 5,7 millions de déplacés, de 25 000 disparus, de 27 000 otages. Le gros des violences a été commis entre 1996 et 2005". Par comparaison, le conflit israélo-palestinien a fait quelque 8.000 morts en vingt ans.
Point de vue
- The poverty of boycotting Israel, Qanta Ahmed (Haaretz) - une superbe et remarquable tribune de la part d'une universitaire musulmane ayant fait ses études de médecine en Arabie Saoudite et qui connaît bien l'Etat juif.
"Qanta Ahmed MD is the author of In the Land of Invisible Women (2008), a Templeton-Cambridge Journalism Fellow in Science and Religion and Associate Professor of Medicine, State University of New York."
"As a woman, a Muslim and as a physician of Pakistani descent, I can attest personally to the inordinate importance of academic freedom in Britain and the United States. This freedom was extended to me even during the time I was practicing medicine in Saudi Arabia, where - like all women – I was subject to gender apartheid. Because of this experience, I can only see the closing of the academic mind in the form of the ‘academic boycott’ of Israeli citizens and institutions as the act of invertebrate hypocrites. Boycotting Israel, whether academic or cultural is not an act of moral indignation, but an act of moral turpitude.
Academic freedom builds relationships, tolerance, and opportunity. When I moved to Riyadh 15 years ago, I had no doubts about maintaining my professional relationship with my own Jewish American mentor who had guided me throughout my then early career.
While I lived and worked in a country where as a Muslim I could worship but my mentor and his coreligionists could not, I was given every opportunity to develop in the American academic space because of his intellectual generosity. While I was subject to legislated male supremacy and relegated to being a legal minor, no Western academic suggested boycotting the medical academe hosting me in the Kingdom.
Academic freedom was in fact my only freedom at the time and I was determined to share it. I connected my Saudi colleagues - leading Saudi Muslim academics - with my mentor which led to the publication of jointly-authored papers on patient care in the Arab Gulf, benefiting primarily Muslim patients. This work sowed the seeds for subsequent conferences where both my Saudi Muslim and American Jewish colleagues met and developed their own relationships.
In contrast, boycotting Israeli entities penalizes apolitical individuals, their institutions, their innovations and ultimately, stymies a global market of ideas which benefits humanity. Perhaps it's possible to make a more generous assessment of why the various scholars, writers and entertainers who call for a boycott of 'apartheid Israel' claim to act in the interests of Palestinians: That it's based on simple ignorance. They would certainly be wiser if they had had the same opportunity that I recently enjoyed when I visited Israel to meet Israeli academia, and – critically – examined how such a boycott, whether overt or covert, particularly damages Israeli Arabs, or Palestinian citizens of Israel.
I spoke to Arab Muslim undergraduates at Haifa's Technion University during my visit in May this year. Arab undergraduates (most of whom are Muslim with a smaller Christian representation) lead a program to remove barriers to success of fellow Arab undergraduates there. Professor Daoud Bshouty, Dean of Undergraduate Studies (and both Israel’s and Technion's first Christian Arab faculty member) and Sara Katzir, former Israeli Airforce officer and head of the Beatrice Weston Unit for the Advancement of Students, explained the origin of the program, joined by Assistant Professor Youseff Jabareen, an Arab Israeli Muslim graduate, and the Muslim undergraduate Maysoun Hindawi, who related their own experiences as minorities.
When, eight years ago, the Technion examined their own data, they were dismayed to find a high drop-out rate amongst Arab undergraduates, even though they had met the rigorous entry criteria to a university consistently rated amongst the top three science institutes in the world. This was an untenable loss of intellectual talent for the university and in their mind, for Israel.
Since then, the Beatrice Weston Unit for the Advancement of Students has developed one-on-one peer mentorship by and for Israeli Arab undergraduates, with men mentoring men and women mentoring women in view of the cultural sensitivities. The program was funded by Jewish American philanthropists intent on serving all sectors of Technion’s students, majority and minority alike. [...]
In less than a decade, the Weston Advancement Unit has improved the Technion’s Israeli Arab undergraduate retention rate by over 50 percent, with more gains likely. But The Technion’s support extends beyond their undergraduates. Many Israeli Arabs attend Arabic medium schools, so the move to the Hebrew-language university is a significant challenge. In response, candidates identified as Technion material are given intense year-long programs preparing them (and their Hebrew) – developed by the university itself. [...]
“We have a moral obligation to develop everyone who enters the Technion, because we must nurture scientific ability. It is our responsibility," Katzir told me. The advancement program has been so effective at closing disparity gaps that it has now been rolled out across the institute and offered to every Technion undergrad who needs it, minority or not. After winning national awards, this program is being emulated at other Israeli institutions at government request.
There are also life experience and leadership gaps that need to be overcome for minority students. At the Technion, Maysoun explained, Arab Muslim students are often the first in their families -sometimes in generations - to enter higher education, and, in the case of women, may be breaking stereotypical gender roles in conservative families who may not approve of a female student living on campus. Arab Muslim students must also overcome a leadership gap created by the military service that their Jewish peers have gone through. The program develops the leadership skills of its Israeli Arab Muslim undergraduates who direct many activities themselves, based on merit, not ‘quota’.
My Technion experience clarified for me how calls for academic boycott would particularly imperil the future of these Arab Israeli students and the progressive opportunities they are offered. The shockingly ignorant acquiescence to the widespread braying for boycott, now a socially acceptable sport eclipsing the spirit of academe, whether led by Stephen Hawking or others, reveals the depth to which anti-Israel bias is now entrenched in our ivory towers.
The reality is simple: Calling for an Israeli boycott invites no reprisals. It is more than socially acceptable; it is a badge of honor brandished by those claiming to defend ‘minorities’. Yet ironically, while the costs of boycott will be shouldered by every Israeli, the major costs will be born by Israel’s own minority population, including Israeli Muslims of Palestinian heritage. This is a population which is for the first time becoming highly educated, advancing in the workplace, collaborating with their fellow Israeli Jewish citizens and eager to enter the global marketplace of ideas. These Israeli Muslim Arabs are the keystones to lasting peace in the region. No one else is better positioned to bridge conflicts and cultures and yet no one else will be more penalized by boycott.
Academic freedom means the freedom to collaborate, the freedom to cooperate, the freedom to communicate, the freedom to investigate, and the freedom to know the other. Isolating Israelis imposes upon all of us outside of Israel the worst kind of self-isolation, one which denies our engagement not only with the richly intellectual and extraordinarily productive Israeli academic community but access to those minorities facing the greatest challenges in Israel. The boycott flattens the painstakingly earned, inch-by-inch progress towards coexistence within and outside Israel; and coexistence is surely the primary step towards regional peace. At this discouraging time of increasing academic and cultural siege, every thoughtful academic should join me in lending their name and their reputation to fighting the boycott."