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30 mars 2014 7 30 /03 /mars /2014 16:52
France

- 14e Festival du cinéma israélien à Paris (JP)
http://www.crif.org/fr/alireavoiraecouter/14e-festival-du-cin%C3%A9ma-isra%C3%A9lien-%C3%A0-paris/50036

- Tabassage antisémite du 21 mars dans le XIXe : témoignage de la victime (Vidéo 1mn) - rappel du fait divers ici.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qu9hoLyEQ8o


"Processus de paix"


- PA: Talks can go on if Israel frees 1,000 prisoners (Times of Israel) - "Abbas rejects offer of 400 more freed Palestinians to continue negotiations, hands counteroffer to US mediators".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/pa-talks-can-go-on-if-israel-frees-1000-prisoners/
   "The Palestinian Authority has rejected a purported Israeli offer to release a new group of 400 Palestinian security prisoners if the Palestinians agree to extend peace talks for another six months, The Times of Israel learned Sunday.
    On Saturday, The Times of Israel learned from a Palestinian source that Jerusalem, backed by Washington, offered to release 400 more prisoners of Israel’s choosing, in addition to a fourth and final group of longtime terrorism convicts who were set to go free this weekend – on the condition that the Palestinian Authority agrees to prolong the ongoing negotiations beyond the April 29 deadline.
    However, on Sunday, the Palestinian leadership rejected the offer and presented a counteroffer of its own to American mediators – that Israel release 1,000 more prisoners, of the Palestinian Authority’s choosing. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas also demanded that Israel freeze settlement construction and transfer some Area C regions to the Palestinian Authority’s control. In exchange, peace talks would be extended until the end of 2014. [...]"

- Israël : le sort des négociations de paix scellé dans les prochains jours (AFP) - Nétanyahou : "Quoi qu'il arrive, il n'y aura aucun accord [sur la libération de terroristes] tant qu'Israël ne saura pas clairement ce qu'il gagnera en échange".
http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/israel-le-sort-des-negociations-de-paix-scelle-dans-les-prochains-jours-30-03-2014-1807147_24.php
   "Le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu a affirmé dimanche que le sort des négociations de paix avec les Palestiniens, en grande difficulté, serait scellé dans les prochains jours, rapportent les médias israéliens. Ces déclarations surviennent alors que le secrétaire d'État américain John Kerry s'efforce d'empêcher la rupture des pourparlers, compromis par un sérieux contentieux sur la libération de prisonniers palestiniens par Israël.
   "Cela pourrait être une question de jours. Ou bien nous résolvons le problème ou bien le processus explosera", a déclaré Benjamin Netanyahu aux ministres du Likoud (droite nationaliste), son parti, avant la réunion hebdomadaire du gouvernement. [...] "Quoi qu'il arrive, il n'y aura aucun accord tant qu'Israël ne saura pas clairement ce qu'il gagnera en échange. Et si accord il y a, il sera soumis au vote du cabinet pour approbation", a précisé dimanche Benjamin Netanyahu, cité par les médias.
    Coté palestinien, le président Mahmoud Abbas a affirmé à plusieurs reprises qu'il refusait toute discussion sur une éventuelle prolongation des pourparlers tant que le dernier contingent de prisonniers n'aura pas été relâché. Un responsable du comité central du Fatah, le parti du président Abbas a affirmé dimanche que la suite à donner à ces pourparlers en crise sera décidée lundi lors d'une réunion des dirigeants palestiniens. [...]"

- Israeli official: Palestinians placing obstacles in the way of peace talks (AFP)
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4504491,00.html
   "A senior Israeli official said Saturday that Israel was willing to free the fourth group of Palestinian security prisoners, but the Palestinians were placing obstacles in the way. "Israel is interested in continuing the peace talks with the Palestinians and is prepared to carry out the fourth stage of the release of convicted terrorists," he told AFP, speaking on condition of anonymity. "But the Palestinians are creating difficulties with this when they say that the moment after the release of the prisoners they will stop the talks." [...]
    So far, Israel has freed 78 prisoners in three batches but ministers had warned they would block the final release, which had been anticipated for Saturday, if the Palestinians refused to extend the talks beyond their April 29 deadline. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has not spelled out his terms for prolonging talks, saying only that he is not even prepared to discuss the issue until the prisoners are freed. Another setback for the release is a Palestinian demand it includes Arab Israeli citizens, a demand hotly opposed by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's far-right coalition partners and by hardliners within his own Likud party. [...]"

- Palestinian sources: PA does not want to appear responsible for talks' failure, Roi Kais (Ynet)
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4504632,00.html
   "The Israeli refusal to execute the fourth release of Palestinian security prisoners will not lead to any immediate steps by the Palestinian Authority, according to Palestinian sources quoted by the newspaper A-Sharq Al-Awsat Sunday morning. The sources clarified that the PA prefers awaiting the results of US efforts to convince Israel to hold its commitment, and added that "the leadership does not want to enter immediate conflict and appear responsible for the breakdown of the negotiation process." [...]"

- Prisoners for peace? (Jerusalem Post editorial) - "Under the circumstances, with practically no headway made in the talks till now, what good could possibly come of the release of prisoners, many of whom are murderers?" ; "with the process on the verge of collapse, there is no longer any rationale behind the release, even according to the original agreement".
http://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Editorials/Prisoners-for-peace-346750
   "According to Palestinian officials in Ramallah, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas might agree to extend peace negotiations beyond the April 29 deadline set by US Secretary of State John Kerry. But on one condition: that Israel proceeds with the release of the fourth and last batch of 26 Palestinian terrorists presently imprisoned in Israel.
    There is nothing particularly magnanimous in Abbas’s offer. This is the same Abbas who just this week at the Arab League summit in Kuwait all but buried any chances that the present talks would succeed, by refusing even to consider recognizing Israel as the state of the Jewish people.
    Abbas’s Kuwait performance was another example of how depressingly little goodwill there is on the side of the Palestinians. Recognition is an issue on which the Palestinians could have shown flexibility. On other issues the situation is no less bleak. The sides are deeply split on anything from military arrangements in the Jordan Valley to the return of Palestinian “refugees,” to the status of Jerusalem, to the question of settlement blocs.
    Under the circumstances, with practically no headway made in the talks till now, what good could possibly come of the release of prisoners, many of whom are murderers? Indeed, the very concept of releasing prisoners is morally problematic. When the present round of negotiations was launched under the ambitious leadership of Kerry, we opposed the very concept. Conditioning Palestinian agreement to talk on the release of Palestinian terrorists – many of whom are guilty of the intentional murder of women and children and the elderly – made no sense, we argued, as long as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict continued to rage. At the end of a process of reconciliation and mutual recognition between Israelis and Palestinians, it could conceivably be argued that the release of prisoners would be a part of a healing process. These prisoners would in that future day of peace not be received as heroes by Palestinian society, but as sad reminders of a violent time when Palestinians mistakenly believed that they could use terrorism to secure a homeland.
    The terrorists slated to be released are a particularly gruesome bunch. There is the murderer of Ofra Moses, 34, and her son Tal, 5. He firebombed their car near Alfei Menashe in April 1987. There are the terrorists who kidnapped the hitchhiking soldier Avraham Bromberg, shot him in the head, and left him to die on the side of the road. There are also the murderers of Rachel Weiss and her three children, killed along with soldier David Delarosa, who died trying valiantly to save them when their bus was firebombed in October 1988. And this is by no means an exhaustive list of the heinous murderers slated to be released. It seems some of the very worst terrorists were saved for last specifically to prevent precisely the situation we now face – namely that terrorists will be released while the Palestinians will remain intransigent and offer nothing in return.
    Some, like Meretz MK Zehava Galon, have argued that Israel has already locked itself into an obligation to release Palestinian prisoners and cannot violate its commitment. If there were some headway in the talks and the Palestinians were willing to show some flexibility, we would agree with Galon. The working assumption, however, was that Israel would stay committed to releasing prisoners as long as there would be progress in the talks. But with the process on the verge of collapse, there is no longer any rationale behind the release, even according to the original agreement.
    Abbas is now threatening to appeal to the international community to wage a diplomatic war against Israel. But it is still not too late. The Palestinians can still save the talks by showing a willingness to work together with Israel to reach an agreement. Another opportunity for peace may or may not be missed. But what is certain is that releasing more Palestinian terrorists will do nothing to improve the chance for peace."

- Recognition (Jerusalem Post editorial) - "In any event, the issue of Palestinian recognition has become an obstacle. Indeed, dissent on this single issue might result in the demise of the entire peace process. [...] However, with a little good will on both sides, there might be a way forward".
http://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Editorials/Recognition-346591
   "Now it is official – again. The Arab League capped its two-day summit in Kuwait with the following statement: “We express our total rejection of the call to consider Israel as a Jewish state.” This was essentially a repeat of the second of the “three noes” issued at the 1967 Arab League summit at Khartoum.
    Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas now has all the backing he needs to continue to refuse the Israeli demand to recognize the State of Israel as the homeland of the Jewish people. Abbas has consistently opposed such recognition, presenting it as a completely new, never-before mentioned, Israeli condition for peace.
    The fact is, however, that defining Israel as a “Jewish state,” if for no other reason than to differentiate it from an Arab or a Palestinian state and to ensure that at least one country in the world is set aside for the Jewish people, dates back to Israel’s very inception. Palestinian rejection of this term happens to be just as old. The 1947 United Nations partition plan, which the Arab nations and the Palestinians rejected, and which the majority of the nations of the world as well as the Jewish leadership in Palestine affirmed, called for the creation of “Arab and Jewish states.”
    Thirty years before partition, the Balfour Declaration in 1917 set out Britain’s commitment to the “establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.” The mandate for that purpose, created in 1922 by the League of Nations, divided the original territory of Palestine to include a national home for the Jewish people, under British rule, and created Transjordan under the rule of the Hashemite family. [...]
    In recent years, recognition of Israel as a Jewish state has consistently been a demand of Israeli diplomatic endeavors on the Right and on the Left. The 2003 Geneva Accord, pushed by central figures on the Israeli Left, affirmed “the recognition of the right of the Jewish people to statehood and the recognition of the right of the Palestinian people to statehood, without prejudice to the equal rights of the parties’ respective citizens.”
    One of the 14 Israeli reservations attached to the 2003 US Road Map was in “the final settlement, declared references must be made to Israel’s right to exist as a Jewish state.” From the Palestine papers, a massive trove of leaked documents published by Al Jazeera (also known as “Palileaks”) which record a decade of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, it emerged that then-foreign minister Tzipi Livni (and current Israeli chief negotiator) raised the issue of Palestinian recognition of Israel as a “Jewish state” in 2007.
    It is, therefore, disingenuous of Abbas and other Palestinian leaders to claim that the Israeli demand for Palestinian recognition of Israel as a “Jewish state” is new.
    In any event, the issue of Palestinian recognition has become an obstacle. Indeed, dissent on this single issue might result in the demise of the entire peace process. Throughout its short history, consecutive Israeli governments have understood the importance of receiving Palestinian recognition as an integral part of resolving the conflict between two national movements with distinct aspirations for self-determination, that are competing for the same slice of land.
    However, with a little good will on both sides, there might be a way forward. Khalil Shikaki, director of the Palestinian Center for Survey and Policy Research and a leading expert on Palestinian opinions, says a majority of Palestinians would be willing to support the concept of Israel as a “Jewish state” on condition that its “Jewishness” is defined narrowly as a state that is guaranteed a Jewish majority, a definition many Israelis would be willing to sign off on as well. Palestinians would give their support as long as they do not perceive the Israeli demand for recognition as an attempt to annul the Palestinian narrative emphasizing the Palestinian people’s own unique ties to the land.
    The question remains whether the Arab League and the PA leadership would be willing to declare their recognition of Israel as a state with the right to maintain a Jewish majority. It they are, perhaps the present impasse in negotiations can be overcome. If they are not, it suggests that their nefarious intention is to perpetuate the struggle against a Jewish state within any borders."


Monde arabe

- The stateless people in the Middle East you’ve never heard of, Ben Cohen (JNS.org) - "It’s high time that Kuwait be held accountable for enforcing a system that looks like, well, apartheid. But no one is doing so. I haven’t seen, for example, students at the elite Dartmouth College protesting against their university’s “American University of Kuwait” program. I’m not aware of any campuses hosting “Kuwaiti Apartheid Week” events. There’s a whole Division of Palestinian Rights at the U.N., but that organization is silent on the Bedoon of Kuwait".
http://www.jns.org/latest-articles/2014/3/27/the-stateless-people-youve-never-heard-of


Monde

- ONU : Israël au ban des nations (Times of Israel) - "Le Conseil des droits de l’Homme a adopté cinq résolutions anti-israéliennes. La co-auteure du rapport Goldstone devrait succéder à Richard Falk".
http://fr.timesofisrael.com/onu-israel-au-banc-des-nations/

- Au Sri Lanka, la difficile enquête de l'ONU sur les crimes de guerre (AFP) - "En 2011, des experts de l'ONU ont accusé Colombo d'avoir causé des « dizaines de milliers de morts » lors de l'offensive finale de l'armée contre les Tigres". Cette offensive sanglante avait eu lieu en même temps que l'opération "Plomb fondu", laquelle concentrait alors tous les regards...
http://www.lemonde.fr/asie-pacifique/article/2014/03/27/l-onu-lance-une-enquete-sur-les-crimes-de-guerre-commis-au-sri-lanka_4391038_3216.html
   "[...] Le conflit entre la guérilla des Tigres de libération de l'Ilam Tamoul (LTTE) et l'armée a duré de 1972 à 2009 et a fait, selon des estimations de l'ONU, quelque 100 000 morts au total. En 2011, des experts de l'ONU ont accusé Colombo d'avoir causé des « dizaines de milliers de morts » lors de l'offensive finale de l'armée contre les Tigres, eux aussi accusés de violations des droits de l'homme. Le Sri Lanka a jusqu'à présent rejeté l'ouverture de toute investigation indépendante, assurant avoir enquêté correctement de son côté et affirmant qu'il s'agit d'une question de souveraineté nationale. [...]"
- Le Sri Lanka rattrapé par ses démons, Vanessa Dougnac (Le Point) - "En mai 2009, Colombo déclarait sa "victoire totale" sur les Tigres tamouls, après 26 années d'un conflit acharné. Mais dans son sillage triomphant, l'armée sri-lankaise laissait derrière elle les cadavres d'au moins 40 000 civils tamouls, tués au cours des derniers mois des combats".
http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/le-sri-lanka-rattrape-par-ses-demons-28-03-2014-1806722_24.php
   "Empêtrée dans de lourds rouages diplomatiques, l'ONU piétinait dans l'embarrassant dossier du Sri Lanka. Fin 2012, son secrétaire général Ban Ki-moon admettait que "les Nations unies ont échoué à assumer leurs responsabilités", incapables de freiner l'escalade des violences et de protéger les populations civiles durant la guerre ethnique au Sri Lanka. Au nom d'une "guerre contre le terrorisme", le président sri-lankais Mahinda Rajapaksa s'était donné tous les moyens pour venir à bout de la guérilla tamoule, unanimement condamnée quant à elle pour son recours aux combattants kamikazes ou à l'enrôlement d'enfants-soldats.
    En mai 2009, Colombo déclarait sa "victoire totale" sur les Tigres tamouls, après 26 années d'un conflit acharné. Mais dans son sillage triomphant, l'armée sri-lankaise laissait derrière elle les cadavres d'au moins 40 000 civils tamouls, tués au cours des derniers mois des combats. C'était à Mullaitivu, une région côtière paradisiaque du nord-est de l'île, où s'étaient réfugiés les civils et les rebelles piégés par l'offensive gouvernementale. L'armée de Colombo reprenait aussi le contrôle des anciens territoires rebelles du Nord, enfermant la population tamoule dans une chape de silence. [...]
    Le Sri Lanka a toujours refusé le principe d'une enquête indépendante, perçue comme une atteinte à sa souveraineté, et assure avoir pris lui-même en charge une enquête sérieuse. [...]"

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