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6 octobre 2013 7 06 /10 /octobre /2013 09:49
Israël

- Israël candidat au Conseil de sécurité pour 2019-2020, Dan Williams (Reuters) - "La plupart des 120 pays membres du bloc non-aligné à l'Assemblée sont peu enclins à soutenir Israël voire ouvertement hostiles à l'Etat juif, relèvent cependant les diplomates".
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/isra%C3%ABl-candidat-au-conseil-s%C3%A9curit%C3%A9-pour-2019-2020-054159824.html
   "Israël a annoncé jeudi son intention de briguer un siège de membre du Conseil de sécurité pour la période 2019-2020, même si des diplomates aux Nations unies prédisent que la tâche sera rude pour l'Etat juif.  L'obtention d'un siège de membre non permanent du Conseil nécessite une majorité des deux tiers à l'Assemblée générale des Nations unies, qui compte 193 pays membres. Les candidatures sont proposées par les cinq groupes régionaux de l'Assemblée mais l'élection se déroule en assemblée plénière.
    Le représentant d'Israël à l'Onu, Ron Prosor, a déclaré que son pays serait en compétition avec l'Allemagne et la Belgique pour les deux sièges attribués au groupe "Europe occidentale et autres groupes" que l'Etat juif a rejoint provisoirement en 2000, puis définitivement en 2004. Géographiquement, l'Etat juif devrait appartenir au groupe Asie-Pacifique mais les pays musulmans ont bloqué son admission.
    La plupart des 120 pays membres du bloc non-aligné à l'Assemblée sont peu enclins à soutenir Israël voire ouvertement hostiles à l'Etat juif, relèvent cependant les diplomates. [...] "Nous donnerons tout pour gagner. C'est une question de temps", a déclaré Ron Prosor à Reuters. Le Conseil de sécurité de l'Onu compte, outre ses cinq membres permanents (Etats-Unis, Russie, Chine, France, Royaume-Uni), dix membres non permanents siégeant pour deux ans."


"Processus de paix"


- Netanyahu talks Israeli settlements and peace with Palestinians (World News, Vidéo 3mn35) - un intéressant entretien avec Charlie Rose.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PK9Z_VAU-AI

- Netanyahu: The Peace Talks Are Going Nowhere, Elad Benari (Arutz 7) - "the problem was, and still is, their refusal to recognize Israel as a Jewish state.”
http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/172521
   "Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said, during his visit to the United States this past week, that the peace talks with the Palestinian Authority are going nowhere. According to a report on Friday in the Maariv daily newspaper, Netanyahu made the comments in closed meetings with the heads of American Jewish organizations.
    Netanyahu reportedly repeated his position and that he is ready for a historic compromise with the Palestinian Authority, but added that "the problem was, and still is, their refusal to recognize Israel as a Jewish state.” The Prime Minister, according to Maariv, also said that the Palestinian Authority’s ongoing incitement against Israel was another significant obstacle to the possibility of reaching an agreement. The comments indicated that the parties have so far only discussed the possibility of reaching a permanent settlement to the conflict, while the possibility of an interim agreement is not on the agenda. [...]"

- The Big Hamas Elephant, Elhanan Miller (The Tower) - "The truth is that, so long as the Hamas regime continues to rule Gaza, there is virtually no chance of a viable and comprehensive final-status agreement, at least anything that extends past the West Bank".
http://www.thetower.org/article/the-big-hamas-elephant/
   "On September 16, 2013, Hamas official Mahmoud Al-Zahar dropped a bombshell. Following a meeting with the even more radical Islamic Jihad movement, Hamas—which has ruled the Gaza Strip since 2007—had decided to form a joint leadership with its Islamist counterpart. Each movement would nominate four officials to maintain “ongoing contact” between Hamas and Islamic Jihad, and devise a “political plan” for the future. According to the Hamas daily Al-Resalah, seven meetings had taken place prior to the announcement. “We weren’t just writing theoretical research,” Al-Zahar stated knowingly.
    He also probably knew that the deal with the Iranian-sponsored terror group would signal another step away from reconciliation with Hamas’ secular rival, and the force that holds sway in the West Bank, Fatah.
    Observers of the tumultuous developments in the Gaza Strip were probably not surprised by the announcement. The past few years have seen Gaza go from a rogue territory subjected to Israeli and international sanctions to a victorious political entity celebrating the ascent of political Islam—and back again. Now ostracized by Egypt’s new military regime, Hamas is in a tailspin, and in desperate need of new allies. The partnership with Islamic Jihad appeared to give Hamas precisely that, as well as a much-needed boost to its legitimacy and a sideways wink to Iran, its long-time patron. It showed, in short, that Hamas is still determined to seize leadership of the Palestinian national movement from the Fatah regime in the West Bank.
    Yet Western politicians and diplomats appear not to have noticed. They are still romancing the peace process between Israel and the Fatah-dominated Palestinian Authority, shepherding Israeli and Palestinian officials through negotiations, and pushing economic and political incentives for the two sides to reach an agreement as if Hamas’ intransigence doesn’t exist. Indeed, as recently as September 25, U.S. President Barack Obama announced before the assembled delegates of the United Nations General Assembly that alongside the Iranian nuclear threat, advancing the peace process would be one of America’s two top diplomatic priorities in the near term. “The time is now ripe,” he declared, “for the entire international community to get behind the pursuit of peace.”
    But Al-Zahar’s announcement underlines the basic futility of these efforts. The truth is that, so long as the Hamas regime continues to rule Gaza, there is virtually no chance of a viable and comprehensive final-status agreement, at least anything that extends past the West Bank. Western leaders’ indifference to this fact and its origins is not only a grave mistake, but a distraction from an outcome that might actually bring peace between Israel and the Palestinians. [...]
    In fact, it is fair to say that Hamas and Fatah have never been further apart. The territories they rule are quickly becoming wholly separate and autonomous entities, and their mutual enmity shows no signs of abating. Yet decision-makers in the West consistently disregard this fact, and appear unwilling to understand what it means in terms of the success or failure of the traditional Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
    This failure is all the more striking because of how profoundly the split between Fatah and Hamas has changed the reality on the ground. In particular, the Hamas regime in Gaza has now become what is essentially an independent state in all but name. Since it took over the Strip in June 2007, Hamas has been exercising de facto sovereignty over Gaza. It has a fully functioning government parallel to, and more independent than, the PA in the West Bank. It maintains its own security forces, entirely separate from their Western-trained and -funded PA counterparts. Before Egypt cracked down on the extensive network of smuggling tunnels connected to the Strip, Hamas levied taxes on incoming commodities. It has its own foreign policy, once bolstered by the Arab Spring and the resulting rise of similar Islamic movements to power and now buffeted by their setbacks. During the brief renaissance of Islamism preceding the recent move by the Egyptian people to reject Morsi’s Islamist authoritarianism, Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh seemingly succeeded in overcoming Hamas’ isolation and made official visits to Egypt, Iran, Tunisia, Turkey, and Sudan. [...]
    It is difficult to see this attitude on the part of world leaders as anything other than willful, since there has been no lack of attention paid to the issue by journalists and academics. As far back as 2010, for example, Arab constitutional expert Nathan Brown wrote, “Hamas has abandoned most pretenses of living within the PA’s constitutional framework.” He continues: "International attention to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict tends to highlight major diplomatic initiatives and dramatic events while neglecting concrete developments, subtle trends, and grinding practical realities. Emphasis on the “peace process” has created an illusion that the two identifiable antagonists could come to a clear agreement on a two–state solution. But the widening division in the Palestinian ranks—between Hamas and Fatah, and between the West Bank and Gaza—remains unaddressed."
    In a 2011 BBC article titled “Is Palestinian Unity an Illusion?” Gaza-based political analyst Omar Shaban declared that Fatah-Hamas unity was all but impossible. “The division between Hamas and Fatah is not about the prime minister or who gets how many cabinet seats here and there,” he said. “It’s much deeper than that. It is about their ideology, their agendas, the history, the desire for revenge between the two. Political unity is an illusion.”
    Why then, are world leaders so wary of addressing the problem? The reasons appear to be both psychological and political. Psychologically, acknowledging the Palestinian rift as a significant—perhaps the most significant—obstacle to peace between Israel and the Palestinians would involve jettisoning one of the foundations of the Oslo Accords, which recognized Gaza and the West Bank as integral parts of the same political entity. In effect, this would redefine the entire peace process by changing the debate from what the two sides can do to what the Palestinian side essentially is. In many ways, it would amount to admitting that a single, unified Palestinian state cannot be established in the near future. Politically, of course, this would undermine the rationale behind holding peace talks in the first place.
    Experts on the region believe this final concern may well be justified. At a hearing before the U.S. Congressional Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa in February 2013, Matthew Levitt of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy testified: "Reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas is a prerequisite for advancing peace between Israelis and Palestinians. The idea is that Palestinians cannot negotiate with Israel in any serious way when divided between the West Bank under the rule of the Fatah-dominated Palestinian Authority (PA) and the Gaza Strip under the rule of Hamas. To be sure, PA officials in the West Bank can make neither demands nor concessions when it comes to the Gaza Strip, which they do not control."
    Put simply, ignoring the rift between Fatah and Hamas or, at most, pretending it is transient, allows leaders to perpetuate the Oslo paradigm and continue with business as usual. They can keep funding the Fatah-led PA and pursuing the standard method of pressuring Israel and the Palestinians to make reciprocal concessions as if nothing has changed in two decades.
    This “head in the sand” approach to the conflict, however, is an extremely risky one. In particular, it makes the international community seem completely detached from political reality in the eyes of both the Israeli and Palestinian people, who will ultimately have final approval over any eventual peace agreement.
    For its part, Israel has few illusions on the subject. Israelis are well aware of the fact that the PA is drastically different from the Hamas government, particularly in regard to the security situation. While Fatah has gradually brought West Bank terrorism to an unprecedented low, Hamas happily allows rockets to fall on Israeli civilians when the political climate is right. Nonetheless, Israelis are unlikely to approve any significant concessions to a Palestinian leader who controls only two-thirds of his population and 85 percent of his territory. For any Israeli prime minister, hawk or dove, half a peace is difficult to sell to the public.
    On the Palestinian side, “reconciliation,” or musalaha, has become an empty cliché on both sides of the political divide. For the most part, Palestinians have lost faith in their leaders’ ability to pay the price of reconciliation, which would involve giving up the political and economic power both sides have consolidated since Hamas took over Gaza.
    So long as the international community continues to ignore the reality of the split between Hamas and Fatah and, in particular, the existence of a de facto Hamas-ruled statelet in Gaza, peace between Israel and the Palestinians is likely to remain elusive. In effect, the unwillingness of Western diplomats to face up to these realities has rendered the peace process almost meaningless. Put simply, the West is pursuing old solutions to a new problem. Needless to say, these old solutions, such as economic incentives, diplomatic pressure on both sides to return to the negotiating table, and attempts to persuade them to accept the same parameters as previous talks, are unlikely to yield positive results.
    Unfortunately, willful blindness, political correctness, and wishful thinking have made a paradigm shift on the part of the West extremely difficult. But such a shift must occur before any peace agreement can be reached. The West, and especially the United States, must acknowledge that the primary obstacle to peace is not settlements or an unwillingness to negotiate, but the Hamas government itself.
    Should it do so, it will be forced to make some bold and difficult decisions. But these decisions are absolutely necessary for the West to accomplish its professed goals. If the Obama administration and other Western leaders do indeed believe that a final status agreement ending all mutual claims is the solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, then they have only two policies to choose from: Pressure Hamas to recognize Israel, or remove it from power. Whichever path they choose, clarity and honesty about the realities of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict would be infinitely preferable to the West’s current policy of self-deception."


Judée-Samarie

- PA forces arrest Islamic Jihad members in raid on Jenin refugee camp (JP) - "Hundreds of Palestinian security forces enter camp overnight".
http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Report-PA-forces-arrest-Islamic-Jihad-members-in-raid-on-Jenin-refugee-camp-327935
- PA forces raid Jenin refugee camp, arrest Islamic Jihad members (Times of Israel) - "Abbas’s security forces carry out one of their biggest operations in recent years, highly unusual in terms of scale and area".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/pa-forces-raid-jenin-refugee-camp-arrest-islamic-jihad-members/

- Terror attack: 9-year-old injured in Psagot, Itamar Fleishman (Ynet)
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4436860,00.html
   "A nine-year-old girl was lightly injured Saturday night while she was playing in the yard of her home in Psagot, a Jewish settlement located north of Ramallah in the West Bank. No one else was hurt in the incident.  Paramedics who were alerted to the scene evacuated the girl, who was fully conscious, to Jerusalem's Shaare Zedek Medical Center. She suffered injuries to her upper torso, and the doctor who was treating her said it was unclear whether she had been shot or stabbed.
    IDF forces suspect that a terrorist from the nearby Palestinian town of al-Bireh had infiltrated Psagot and then fled the scene. Footprints found near Psagot's security fence, as well as a hole in the fence, reinforce this assumption. Psagot's residents were instructed to remain indoors until further notice, while soldiers were going from house to house to make certain the terrorist had not remained in the community. [...]"
- IDF locate escape route and weapon used by terrorist in Psagot attack (JP) - "Right-leaning Knesset Members urge peace-talks halt in light of "hypocritical" West Bank violence; father of the attack victim describes the harrowing event in his own words".
http://www.jpost.com/National-News/Nine-year-old-Israel-girl-shot-in-West-Bank-327944


Iran

- Iranian espionage plot uncovered by Shin Bet shows a new level of sophistication, Lior Akerman (JP)
http://www.jpost.com/Defense/In-Depth-Iranian-espionage-plot-uncovered-by-Shin-Bet-shows-a-new-level-of-sophistication-327912
   "The incident cleared for publication this week, in which the Shin Bet (Israel Security Agency) arrested alleged Iranian intelligence agent Ali Mansouri in Israel differs from previous cases which have occured in the last decade. This time, it appears that the recruitment and running of the agent was carried out by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard's special operations unit (Quds Force), rather than by the Iranian intelligence agency. Among other things, the role of the Quds Force is to execute terror attacks against Israel and additional targets in the West and in the Middle East. The signifigance of this is that Mansouri was not sent to Israel to spy and collect intelligence like his predecessors, but rather to establish an infrastructure to carry out terror attacks within Israel. [...]"

- Khamenei critique "une partie" de la visite de Rohani à New York (AFP) - "Nous sommes pessimistes envers les Américains, et nous ne leur faisons pas confiance. Le gouvernement américain n'est pas fiable, dédaigneux, irraisonnable, et il ne tient pas ses promesses".
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/iran-khamenei-critique-partie-visite-rohani-%C3%A0-new-091945526.html
   "Le guide suprême iranien, Ali Khamenei, a critiqué une partie du voyage du président Hassan Rohani à New York pour l'Assemblée générale de l'ONU lors duquel il a parlé à son homologue américain Barack Obama, et jugé les Etats-Unis "pas fiables". "Nous soutenons l'initiative diplomatique du gouvernement, et attachons de l'importance à ses activités durant ce voyage", a déclaré Ali Khamenei, selon des déclarations publiées sur son site internet. Mais "une partie de ce qui s'est passé lors du voyage à New York était déplacée". "Nous sommes pessimistes envers les Américains, et nous ne leur faisons pas confiance. Le gouvernement américain n'est pas fiable, dédaigneux, irraisonnable, et il ne tient pas ses promesses", a-t-il ajouté."
- Tout n'était pas approprié dans la visite de Rohani, dit Khamenei, Yeganeh Torbati (Reuters) - "de notre point de vue, certaines choses qui se sont passées à New York n'étaient pas appropriées".
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/tout-n%C3%A9tait-pas-appropri%C3%A9-dans-la-visite-rohani-100012731.html
- Slamming US and Israel, Khamenei raps aspects of Rouhani’s NY visit (AP) - "10 days before new nuke talks, Iran’s supreme leader calls Americans arrogant and untrustworthy, says US government ‘seized by Zionist network’."
http://www.timesofisrael.com/khamenei-some-of-rouhanis-un-trip-inappropriate/

- Rouhani translator: "No, he did not use the word 'Holocaust.'" (CAMERA) - "Amanpour, who has repeatedly stood by CNN's translation, would know enough Farsi to realize that Rouhani did not use the word "Holocaust." The corollary would be that she has been intentionally deceiving her audience".
http://blog.camera.org/archives/2013/10/rouhani_translator_no_he_did_n_1.html

- Obama: Iran a 'year or more' away from nuclear bomb (Reuters) - "US president says American assessment on timetable for nuclear Iran is "probably more conservative" than Israeli intelligence estimates; states Iranian president Rouhani believes he can improve global relations".
http://www.jpost.com/Iranian-Threat/News/Obama-Iran-a-year-or-more-away-from-nuclear-bomb-327933
- Obama: Iran still at least a year from a bomb (AP) - "US president acknowledges Israel thinks US estimate is wrong, says world must ‘test’ whether Rouhani is serious about diplomatic solution to nuclear dispute".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/obama-says-iran-a-year-or-more-away-from-a-bomb/


Europe

- Circoncision : une résolution européenne fâche Israël (AFP)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2013/10/04/97001-20131004FILWWW00338-circoncision-une-resolution-fache-israel.php
   "Israël a condamné aujourd'hui une résolution du Conseil de l'Europe définissant la circoncision des garçons pour motifs religieux, pratiquée dans le judaïsme et l'islam, comme une «violation de l'intégrité physique». «Israël appelle le Conseil à revenir immédiatement sur cette résolution», a déclaré le porte-parole du ministère des Affaires étrangères.
    L'Assemblée parlementaire du Conseil de l'Europe a adopté mardi (par 78 voix pour, 13, contre, 15 absentions) une résolution invitant les Etats membres à prendre des mesures contre les «violations de l'intégrité physique des enfants». Elle appelle à «condamner publiquement les pratiques les plus préjudiciables, comme les mutilations génitales féminines (excision, NDLR) et adopter la législation les interdisant».
    Rappelant que la circoncision est une tradition ancienne dans le judaïsme, l'islam et une partie de la chrétienté, le ministère israélien des Affaires étrangères affirme que cette résolution «alimente les tendances racistes et haineuses en Europe». «Toute comparaison de cette tradition avec la pratique barbare et condamnable de la mutilation génitale féminine relève au mieux d'une ignorance profonde et au pire de la diffamation et de la haine anti-religieuse», estime-t-il, soulignant les bénéfices médicaux scientifiquement reconnus à la circoncision. [...]"
- Circoncision : Israël dénonce le «racisme» du Conseil de l'Europe, Cyrille Louis (Le Figaro)
http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2013/10/04/01003-20131004ARTFIG00432-circoncision-israel-denonce-le-racisme-du-conseil-de-l-europe.php
   "[...] Cette controverse intervient un an environ après celle suscitée, en Allemagne, par la décision d'un tribunal de Cologne qui avait mis la circoncision hors la loi, suscitant une levée de boucliers parmi les rabbins orthodoxes ainsi qu'au sein de la classe politique. Le rabbi Goldschmidt avait à l'époque dénoncé «l'une des plus sévères atteintes à la vie juive en Europe depuis l'Holocauste», tandis qu'Angela Merkel avait déclaré : «Je ne veux pas que l'Allemagne soit le seul pays au monde dans lequel les juifs ne peuvent pas pratiquer leurs rites». [...]"


Monde

- UNESCO votes in favor of 6 resolutions condemning Israel (Times of Israel) - "UN cultural body slams Jerusalem for canceling mission to inspect Old City; Israeli envoy says preoccupation with Jewish state ‘obsessive’".
http://www.timesofisrael.com/unesco-votes-in-favor-of-6-resolutions-condemning-israel/

- Afghanistan : cinq civils tués par une frappe de l'Otan dans l'est (AFP) - "Cinq civils afghans, dont trois enfants"... Vous n'entendrez guère parler de cette information, perdue dans le flot des dépêches. Et si le contexte avait été celui de frappes israéliennes à Gaza ?
http://fr.news.yahoo.com/afghanistan-cinq-civils-tu%C3%A9s-frappe-lotan-lest-074850980.html
   "Cinq civils afghans, dont trois enfants, ont été tués dans la nuit de vendredi à samedi par une frappe aérienne de l'Otan dans la province de Nangarhar, dans l'est de l'Afghanistan, ont affirmé à l'AFP des responsables locaux. "La nuit dernière, vers 23H00, cinq civils âgés de 12 à 20 ans étaient en train de chasser des oiseaux avec des fusils à plomb, à environ huit kilomètres de Jalalabad (la capitale provinciale, ndlr) quand ils ont été visés par une frappe aérienne des forces étrangères", a déclaré à l'AFP le porte-parole de la police provinciale, Hazrat Hussain Mashreqiwal. [...]
    Les victimes ont été enterrées samedi matin dans la banlieue de Jalalabad et une foule de plusieurs dizaines de personnes, aux visages crispés par la colère et la tristesse, a assisté à une prière en leur hommage, a constaté un photographe de l'AFP. "A mort les États-Unis, à mort Karzaï ! (le président afghan, ndlr)", ont crié plusieurs d'entre eux. Les victimes civiles causées par les frappes aériennes de l'Otan sont un motif de colère récurrent du président Hamid Karzaï à l'égard de la Force internationale de l'Otan dans le pays (Isaf). Le 7 septembre, seize civils avaient été tués par une frappe aérienne dans la province de Kunar (est), selon la présidence afghane, qui avait "fermement condamné" l'incident. [...]"

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